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O. V. H. A. 




97?. 74 


Al 1 I N (.OUNI i I'UIH l(. I IIIHAM i 

a 0H30HE 

0. V. H. A. 




The Intention 

The intention of the writer of this sketch of the First 
Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery as regards the members 
of Company M, has been to give a true history of each 
comrade where possible, and it is believed that the Roster 
will be found to be the most complete and reliable in 

In regard to the illustrations and special mention, 
many are omitted for want of information or army photo- 
graph, and perhaps some from the loss of pictures sent. 
No partiality has been intended and any errors will be 
greatly regretted. 

Blank leaves are inserted upon which army or other 
records of comrades may be placed. 

"Of all the evils thai can afflict a nation, none is greater than thai of civil war 

Personal Tribute 

This volume, which seeks to inspire fresh interest in the principles 
which underlie our love and respect for the members of Company M, 
and to illustrate those principles by reference to our experiences in the 
Union Army 1861 to 1865, is, by permission, 

Dedicated to 
First Lieutenant Nelson E. Prentice 

Commanding Company M. First Regiment 
Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery 

We, the surviving members of Company M, bear tribute of fullest 
praise to him, the last surviving commissioned officer of our Company. 

He was an ideal soldier, always even tempered, affectionate, unselfish, 
and considerate of the feelings of all and had a fatherly love for his 
good angel who looks after all poor mortals may whisper to us that 
Comrade Prentice will be spared while the last Union Soldier of 1861 
to 1865 remains upon this earth. 

This book written by the Surviving Members of Company M, 
First Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery. 

Toledo, Ohio 



First Row,— Left to Right 

Agnes Houk 

Miss Silvey 

Mrs. Sanford Silvey 

Mrs. James Chamberlain 

Mrs. Nelson E. Prentice 

Mrs. James Short 

Andrew Houk 

Mrs. Andrew Houk 

Name unknown 

Mrs. Hubbard Dwellie 

Name unknown 

Mrs. Lafayette Billings 

Name unknown 

Katherine Houk Kreft 

Eleanor Houk Miller 

Name unknown 

John R. Jewitt 

Jay C. Smith 

Second Row,— Left to Right 

Ida Houk 

Hubbard E. Dwellie 
Sanford Silvey 
Edwin Cowell 
Henry 0. Place 
Nelson E. Prentice 
James Short 
Theodore B. Tucker 
William H. Vanhorn 
John E. Nichols 


Charles B. Morris 
George W. Reed 
Lafayette Billings 
Name unknown 
Henry C. Bowen 
George B. Nickle 
George E. Pruden 

Third Row, Left to Right 

Dr. Robert Chamberlain 
Unknown name 
Ralph Dwellie 
Preston Palmer 
George W. Lampkins 
William S. Porter 
Name unknown 
James Chamberlain 
W. H. Blair 
S. J. Ryan 
William H. Wilson 
John Tollman 
F. W. Roscoe 
Alvm M. Wool son 

Sitting in Front of Picture 

Clara Houk 
Hedwig Houk 
Edward Houk 
Urban Houk 
A visitor 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2012 


Chauncey G. Hawley, 

Colonel, First Regiment Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery, 

2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 23rd Army Corps. 

As he appeared at the close of the war, 1865. 

As an executive, he excelled and was dignified, courageous, and a true 

Christian soldier. 

First Regiment Ohio Volunteer 
Heavy Artillery 



This Regiment was mustered 
into the service as the One Hun- 
dred and Seventeenth Regiment, 
0. V. I., in September, 1862, at 
Camp Portsmouth, Ohio, its eight 
companies aggregating 796 men. 
In October, 1862, the Regiment 
was ordered to Kentucky, where, 
for the succeeding seven months 
it was engaged in guard duty 

and expeditions against guerrillas. 
In May, 1863, orders were issued 
by the War Department changing 
the organization into the First 
Regiment Heavy Artillery, Ohio 
Volunteers, and on August 12, 
1863, it was so reorganized, with 
twelve full companies, aggrega- 
ting 1,839 officers and men. Dur- 
ing the process of reorganization 


the Regiment constructed the ex- 
tensive fortifications around Cov- 
ington and Newport. In the fall 
of 1863-64 the Regiment, in bat- 
talion detachments, was engaged 
in guard duty at various points 
in Kentucky. On February 19, 
1864, it started under orders, 
through heavy snow and extreme 
cold, over the mountains to Knox- 
ville, Tennessee, arriving there 
March 9. Until September the 
Regiment was engaged in guard- 
ing the railroads through Ten- 
nessee, and subsequently partici- 
pated in Burbridge and Stone- 
man's raids against Saltville. 
During the winter of 1864-65 it 
was constantly engaged in forag- 

ing and fighting guerrillas 
throughout East Tennessee and 
North Carolina. Forming a part 
of the First Brigade, Fourth Di- 
vision 23rd Army Corps, Army of 
Cumberland, the Regiment was en- 
gaged in guarding mountain 
passes and garrisoning captured 
points in Virginia and North Caro- 
lina. The Regiment saw service in 
North Carolina, South Carolina, 
Virginia, Georgia and Tennessee. 
On July 25, 1K65, it was mustered 
out of the service at Knoxville, 
Tennessee, in accordance with or- 
ders from the War Department. 
The Regiment's loss during the 
service was 171 men killed and 
died from wounds and disease. 

Social Life and Naratives of Company "M" 

First Regiment, Ohio Volunteer 

Heavy Artillery 

By Its Members 

In the preparation of these 
pages it has been our aim and de- 
sire to give a plain, unvarnished 
statement of facts and incidents 
they occurred under our ob- 

Major Timothy S. Matthews, 

First Regiment, Ohio Volunteer 

Heavy Artillery, 2nd Brigade, 4th 
Division, 23rd Army Corps, loved 
and revered by his soldiers, was 
a brave and resolute officer. 

This picture was taken during 
the Civil War, and presented to 
Sergeant Major A. M. Woolson. 

solvation while in the Union Army 
as Union Soldiers. 

We know you have a strong de- 
sire for a clear and reliable history 
of the varying events which occu- 


Henry J. Bly, 

Captain, Company M, First Regi- 
ment Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artil- 
lery. He was wounded at the bat- 
tles of Perryville and Stone River, 
and carried a rebel bullet in his 
body for 15 years after the close 
of the war. He suffered greatly 
during all these years. 

This picture was taken during 
the Civil War and presented to 
Sergeant Major A. M. Woolson. 

pied the busy life of the soldiers 
of Company M, and we have at- 
tempted to comply with your 

You will note that we have not 
tried to form a book out of mili- 
tary dispatches and newspaper 
correspondence, neither have we 
devoted any time in contributing 
sketches of the dark and dreary 
side of the soldier's life, believ- 
ing it will be more appreciated 
if we present only the bright 
and cheerful experiences of the 
"Boys in Blue." 

For the lack of time and space 
we have refrained from giving 
many incidents and anecdotes as 
you will observe. 

There is no occasion to add more 

to this introduction, save, perhaps, 
to say on behalf of the Southern 

Confederates, "That it is easier to 
forgive than forget," but let us 
di'op a tear for them, for it was 
they who suffered defeat with no 
government to render them aid 
upon their return. 

The Confederates were the real 
aggressors and did everything 
within their power to destroy our 
Union of States, and their defeat 
was a blessing to the world. They 
now seem determined to claim 
equal honors with those who 
fought for the preservation of our 
Union and the Government. 

In order to explain to you 
whether the 117th Ohio Volun- 
teer Infantry absorbed the First 
0. V. H. A. or the latter cap- 
tured the 117th, and forced them 
into the Heavy Artillery, is suf- 
ficient excuse to begin the story 
back at the first enlistment in 
the 117th Regiment, Ohio Volun- 
teer Infantry. 

The eight companies forming 
the 117th 0. V. I. were recruited 
along the Ohio River, the first 
enlistments occurring the first 
week in August, 1862. 

One month later the squads 
which formed the companies 
commenced arriving at Camp 
Portsmouth for organization. 

It was thought in the begin- 
ning that a full regiment could 
be recruited with but little effort, 
but it was a greater undertaking 
than anticipated. 

Instead of ten companies, they 
were unable to raise over eight, 
to be mustered into the United 
States service, and they found, 
much to their surprise, that they 


This is a war picture of First 

Nelson E. Prentice, 

A faithful, patient, great-hearted 
and appreciative friend. Strictly 
temperate and of high moral char- 
acter, his quiet manner and pleas- 
ant words, united to a calm and 
ripe judgment, were more effective 
and cemented the love the boys 
had for our Lieutenant more than 
any words of mine can tell. 

could not have a complete regi- 
mental organization, as they 
were deprived of a Colonel, a 
Major and other officers. It 
had always been General David 
Tillson's hobby to have a regi- 
ment of heavy artillery, and now 
he saw his opportunity, and by 
taking the matter up with the 
War Department at Washington, 
and by the consent of* the Gov- 
ernor of Ohio, he set about arrang- 
ing for a full regiment of heavy 

The eight companies of the 
1 17th 0. V. I. was the nucleus, 
; nd on the second day of May, 
L863, the War Department issued 
special orders, changing the name 

of the 117th 0. V. I. to that of 
the First Regiment Ohio Volun- 
teer Heavy Artillery. 

During this time the other 
'our companies, I, K, L and M, re- 
quired to make a heavy artillery 
regiment to its full quota were 
being recruited. 

The 117th 0. V. I. was made 
up as follows: Company "A" 
came from Jackson and Sciota 
Counties and its officers were 
Robert Caldwell (afterwards Ma- 
jor), captain; William Carroll, 
First Lieutenant, and Joseph Jef- 
fries, Second Lieutenant. 

Company "B" was recruited 
from Jackson and Ross Counties 
and was organized with William 
C. Mav as Captain ; John C. Mor- 
gan. First Lieutenant, and George 
S. Hays, Second Lieutenant. 

Pike, Sciota and Jackson Coun- 
ties supplied the recruits for 
Company "C," and its officers, 
were L. C. Heaton, Captain; Sam- 
uel Bivens, First Lieutenant, and 
Peter B. Hays, Second Lieuten- 

Company "D" came from the 
hills of Sciota County. Henry L. 
Barnes was its Captain; Alex F. 
McMillen, First Lieutenant, and 
W. J. Wallace, Second Lieutenant. 
Captain Henry L. Barnes was 
later appointed Major of the 

Adams County furnished near- 
ly all the recruits for Company 
"E," and they organized with 
James A. Murphy, Captain ; James 
M. Tanner, First Lieutenant, and 
Elisha FitzwiUiams, Second Lieu- 

Another raid was made upon 
Sciota and Adams Counties, for 
they furnished the recruits for 
Company "F," with A. B. Cole, 
Captain: Benjamin F. Holman, 
First Lieutenant, and Samuel B. 
Violet, Second Lieutenant. 


First Lieutenant James H. Ainslie 

During a part of his service 
commanded a detachment of Com- 
pany M at Johnson's Island, 
guarding prisoners. He was the 
handsomest officer and one of the 
bravest in the First Regiment, 0. 
V. H. A. This picture was pre- 
sented to Sergeant Major Woolson, 

Company "C" was recruited in 
Gallia County, by Samuel Drum- 
mond, Second Lieutenant. 

Company "H" came from 
Adams, Sciota and Jackson Coun- 
ties. W. J. Evans was made Cap- 
tain; James C. Cadot First Lieu- 
tenant and Wm. S. Martin Sec- 
ond Lieutenant. 

All the above named Companies 
were mustered into the United 
States service on the 15th day 
of September, 1862, as the 117th 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 

Mustering into the United 
Service, during the Civil War, was 
accomplished as follows: We 
were lined up in single file and 
the U. S. recruiting officer came 
along, eyeing each one of us, as 
we signed the "roll" binding us 
to serve in the United States 
Army for three years or until 
the close of the war. 

The Oath of Allegiance. 

Each of us had to pronounce 
our names and take the following 
oath : 

"1 solemnly swear before 
Almighty God to bear true 
faith and allegiance to the 
United States of America; 
to defend them against all 
enemies, whatsoever, foreign 
or domestic: to obey all or- 
ders of constituted authori- 
ties and to be faithful to the 

This was the oath we soldiers 
took when we were sworn into 
the service of the United States, 
and is the oath the soldiers and 
sailors took when they entered 
the American Army or Navy to 
fight for our independence during 
the Revolutionary War and is the 
oath the soldiers and sailors took 
who won the war of 1812, and 
the Mexican Wars, and the War 
of Rebellion, 1861 to 1865, and 
the SDanish- American War, and 
all other American wars. 

It is also the oath the aliens 
take when they become citizens 
of the United States. 

Chauncey G. Hawley was ap- 
pointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Regiment. Fordyce M. Kieth Ma- 
jor, and Timothy S. Matthews Ad- 

S. S. Firestone was appointed 
Surgeon, J. S. Armstrong Ser- 
geant Major, U. S. Keith, Regi- 
mental Quartermaster. Sergeant 
William Bonsall Commissary Ser- 
geant, Benjamin F. Yeager and 
Samuel D. Ware principal musi- 

The matter of recruiting the 
regiment to its full quota was 
under discussion when news came 
September 8th, 1862, that the 
rebels were congregating at 
Boone Furnace in Kentucky, 


about fifteen miles from the Ohio 

The camp o( the 117th O. V. 
I. was located on the Ohio River 
at the confluence of the Sciota 

and there being no other troops 
near at hand, our regiment was 
ordered to proceed forthwith to 
Boone Furnace and capture the 
rebel outfit or drive them back. 

This was a great surprise to our 
boys, for they were fresh from 
the farm and inexperienced. 

The regiment was composed oi 
young- men from behind the 
counter, from the stores and fac- 
tories as well as the farm and 
every walk of life. 

They had not yet had any ex- 
perience in the manual of arms 
and to be called into active fight- 
ing service with only eight days 
in camp, was something start- 
ling to think about. 

However, we were hurriedly 
supplied with guns and ammuni- 
tion and left Camp Portsmouth 
with a determination to engage 
the enemy, if found, regardless 
of consequences and capture 
them if possible, or at least drive 
them back into the mountains. 

This confidence to win battles 
was just as strong in the new 
soldiers as it was in the old and 
more experienced. 

Our First Military Experience. 

1 will, herewith, give you a 
sketch of this, our first military 
experience of any note: 

It was on the 8th of Septem- 
ber, L862, that our regiment 
boarded the steamer on the Ohio 
River, and were taken to the 
nearest point to Boone Furnace 
and landed. 

Night soon came on and dark- 
ness shielded our soldier boys 
from the bushwhackers, who were 
numerous along the border of Ken- 

tucky, as well as many miles in 
the interior of the State. 

Major Fordyce M. Keith w r as 
in command of the 117th 0. V. I. 
on this expedition, which regi- 
ment was destined later on to 
become the First Regiment of 
Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery, 
and he at once won the confidence 
of those under him by his acts 
of courage, at the same time ex- 
hibiting a determination to make 
a decided success of this our first 
military raid into the enemy's 

We did not tarry long after em- 

The night was very dark, ren- 
dering a march over an unfa- 
miliar country precarious and 
fraught with danger, yet Major 
Keith believed that by starting 
immediately he could reach Boone 
Furnace with his command be- 
fore daylight the next morning 
and surprise and probably capture 
the rebels in their camp. 

Orders were given to "Forward, 
March," and away we went. 

At first the boys were too busy 
in getting started to meditate 
much over the immediate future, 
as they marched along, however, 
thinking of these beautiful, lovely, 
lazy September days, breathing 
the midnight air, and listening to 
the rustling leaves until the wee 
small hours of the night, and 
that they were nearing, what they 
believed might prove to be a fear- 
ful slaughter pen, a feeling of 
fear and trembling came over 
them as they thought of the 
loved ones at home. 

They pictured out a hand to 
hand conflict and perhaps de,ath 
and agonv and curdling scenes of 
blood and carnage, starvation in 
southern prisons and the terrible 
torture of being deprived of their 
liberty. This had full possession 



of the souls of this gallant young 

They experienced the same 
feelings that all soldiers experi- 
ence just before entering a bat- 

This feeling, General U. S. 
Grant said is something unde- 
scribable, but thanks to the all 
wise overruling Providence, their 
fears were soon replaced with 
courage and a determination to 
win or die in the attempt. 

It was now nearing the dawn 
of day, as we approached the 
fortifications where we believed 
the enemy lay secreted behind 
what appeared to be formidable 

Here we halted in breathless 
silence, and Major Keith, with a 
squad of trusty men, set out on a 
reconnoitering expedition. 

They were admonished to walk 
on tip toes, for fear of arousing 
the enemy from their slumbers, 
and thus defeat our purpose of 
capturing them. 

The scouting party approached 
the rebel fortifications quietly and 
obtaining the desired information 
they returned to camp and re- 
ported to Major Keith that the 
enemy, hearing of our approach, 
had made good their escape. 

Word was immediately sent 
along down the fighting line that 
"We had met the enemy and they 
had flown," and all this forced 
march without accomplishing any- 

But the boys did have the ex- 
perience which they much needed. 

Major Keith was greatly disap- 
pointed, for he was anxious to 
try the metal of the soldiers of 
the new regiment in which he had 
the greatest confidence. 

All being quiet at Boone Fur- 
nace, the regiment returned to 

Camp Portsmouth, and recruiting 

went on. 

Here the boys had to do the 
hardest work of their lives, which 
they loved at first, but drilling 
ten hours every day for six long 
weeks, was something many of 
them were not accustomed to, 
besides they had to perform spe- 
cial duties, leaving only a few 
moments for rest. 

Episode at Boone Furnace, Ken- 

The little episode at Boone 
Furnace proved that we were 
liable to be called into active serv- 
ice at any moment, and drill, and 
drill, and practice was the result. 

After forty-seven days of ex- 
tremely laborious soldiers life, fit- 
ting the 117th 0. V. I. for mili- 
tary duty, they were again or- 
dered to proceed forthwith to 
Ashland, Ky., thirty miles distant, 
and disperse or capture any rebels 
found there or in that vicinity. 

Word had been received that 
a regiment of Confederate sol- 
diers were being recruited there 
and had nearly completed its or- 
ganization, having enlisted nearly 
a thousand men. 

This trip required two days of 
hard marching. Any old veteran 
knows to move an army eight or 
ten miles a day is considered 
good time by military critics. 

While on this expedition we 
marched fifteen miles a day, part 
of the way through mud ankle 

As we neared the place of our 
destination, our commanding of- 
ficer learned that the organiza- 
tion of a rebel regiment at Ash- 
land was in part a false rumor. 

Upon reaching Ashland the 
old fair grounds were selected for 
a camp and it was named "Camp 
Keith/' in honor of our gallant 



Not finding any of the enemy 
at Ashland we made several 

raids into the country there- 
abouts and dispersed several 
small bodies o\ the enemy who 
were holding meetings and dis- 
cussing the matter of enlisting 
into the rebel army. 

We broke up their attempted 
organization, not by resort to 
aims, but by threatening what 
we would do it* we learned again 
that they were holding meetings 
in the interest of the rebel gov- 

We admonished them to remain 
at home and behave themselves 
or we would return and nothing 
but dire calamity, death and de- 
struction would be the result. 

They must not attempt in any 
manner to organize, and they 
promising to be good, we again 
returned to caniD and on the 16th 
of December. 1862. the regiment 
was ordered to Catlettesburg, Ky., 
and the day following our arrival 
there we continued up the Big 
Sandy River. 

Kidding the Country of a Band of 

This movement was for the 
purpose of ridding the country 
of a band of guerillas, who were 
under the command of "Hum- 
phrey Marshall," a notorious and 
well known mountain ruffian, and 
it was here a dangerous conflict 
was anticipated. 

This part of the country had 
become famous for its bad men 
and when the Civil War began it 
seemed great sport for them to 
commit as many murders as pos- 
sible under the guise of Con- 
federate soldiers, when in fact, 
they were nothing more than a 
band of murderers and night 

They were the murderers and 
bushwhackers who annoyed the 

Union Army all along the border, 
and were worse than rebel sol- 
diers, for they were not organ- 
ized and after committing rob- 
bery and murder they would re- 
turn to their homes and claim 
they were innocent of any crime, 
that they were simply peaceful 
citizens, when it w T as w r ell known 
that they devoted the most of 
their time to "bushwhacking" — 
that is fighting from behind trees, 
stumps, buildings and stone 
fences and from any protected 
place, mostly under cover of the 
darkness, which kind of fighting 
was a most dangerous proposition 
to the Union Army. 

It was upon this occasion that 
the boys who were later on to 
be the First Ohio Volunteer 
Heavy Artillery, made up their 
minds they would make a record 
for themselves and posterity, by 
wiping from the face of the earth 
all such characters as described 
above as "bushwhackers," but 
upon arriving at the scene of ac- 
tion, we found, like at Boone Fur- 
nace, that the poltroons had de- 
camped to some unknown place, 
after searching thoroughly, no 
rebels were reported in that com- 
munity and we could not find any 
even with a fine tooth comb. 

There being nothing else for 
us to do we returned to the Ohio 
River, where supplies could be 
more easily obtained and to hold 
ourselves in readiness for further 

We arrived at Catlettsburg on 
December 18th, 1862, and went 
into camp, which became well- 
known as "Camp Mud." for the 
mud was so deep and sticky that 
1 am sorry to say it taught some 
of our good Christian soldier boys 
to lose their religion and to use 
profane language artistically. 

From this time and a long time 
afterwards a few of the boys were 


cross and peevish. It was not 

only the mud which was nearly 
knee deep in places but December 
weather that worked on their feel- 

\Yc had several witty Irishmen 
in our regiment, and one of them 
upon this occasion declared as he 
left Catlettsburg that he found 
a man so badly stuck in the mud 
that he could not extricate him- 
self. On looking around he dis- 
covered some men at work over 
in the field, when he hailed them, 
calling them to come over and 
help him get the man out. 

The men inquired how badly he 
was stuck in the mud, and the 
Irishman answered, "He is clear 
up to his ankles." 

"Well," says the men in the 
field, "if he is no worse off than 
that we will not stop our work, 
for he certainly will free himself 
very soon." 

"But," the Irishman answered, 
"He wint in head first." 

After a month's stay at Cat- 
lettsburg, we were again ordered 
to give our attention to Humphrey 
Marshall, who was becoming 
more bold and impudent than 

T;:r- bushwhackers, all along tVi 
Big Sandy River, were terroriz- 
ing the people and committing 
murder and depredations of all 
kinds, and a large force was re- 
ported at Paint Creek, and on the 
17th of January, 1863, we left 
"Camp Mud," being glad enough 
to get away from that God-for- 
saken mud hole. 

Major Keith was in command, 
and on the evening of the 19th 
of January, 1863, we reached 
Paint Creek, but learned upon ar- 
rival from scouts that the rebels, 
as usual, had retreated and no 
one seemed to know where or in 
what direction they had gone. 
We also, were told that the 

rebels had laid their plans to sur- 
prise and capture our regimenl 

early the next morning, also it 
was reported by the citizens thai 
the rebels intended to show us 

what a real battle was like. 

This was warning enough and 
every man slept with his gun a1 
his side, and as the daylight 
came, the regiment formed in 
line of battle, to be in readiness 
to give the rebel hoards as fine 
a reception as they might de- 
sire, and in fact our boys were 
itching all over for fear the reb- 
els would make good their escape 
without our getting a chance to 
show the Johnnies that the nu- 
cleus of the First Regiment, 0. 
V. H. Artillery was ready and 
anxious for the fray. 

This was the first time the reg- 
iment was ever drawn up in bat- 
tle array, and you may rest as- 
sured that when they were lined 
up they made a very imposing 
appearance, and it was no won- 
der that the rebs were fright- 

The rebel spies and scouts were 
to be se.en scattered all through 
the outskirts of Paint Creek, and 
as they watched our maneuvers 
and witnessed the regiment go- 
i^g though the woods and over 
the hills and down through the 
valleys, they took to their heels 
and skedaddled in confusion. 

They moved off so suddenly that 
our outposts found it impossible to 
learn from the citizens anything 
about their destination. 

This was the third time we 
had made strenuous efforts to en- 
ter into fight with the enemy, 
and each time were disappointed. 

While many of our boys con- 
sidered it fortunate for the regi- 
ment that a real battle had been 
avoided we really needed the mil- 
itary experience to put us in good 
trim for an engagement. 


Adjutant General W. S. Matthews 

as he appears at the time of the 
writing of this pamphlet of Co. M. 
He made a fine officer and one of 
the most capable officials of the 
Grand Army of the Republic in 
the U. S. He was a member of 
Company C, First Regt., O.V. H. A., 
and an honorary member of Com- 
pany M. He is at present Assist- 
ant Adjutant General and Quarter- 
master General of the Department 
of Ohio, Grand Army of the Re- 

The soldiers of our regiment 
had most implicit confidence in 
the military genius of Major F. 
M. Keith, commanding for they 
knew he was a true soldier by 
instinct and from choice, besides 
he had some military training, 
and when eight companies with 
eight hundred men stretched out 
over the hills, they made two 
linea over a thousand long. 

Paint Creek not being a desira- 
ble place to stop, we proceeded 

down the river to Buffalo Shoales 
where the regiment went into 

Paymaster Paid the Regiment in 
Gold and Silver. 

The paymaster of the United 
States Army paid the boys 
good hard coin, it being the 

received from 
entering the 


first pay we had 
Uncle Sam since 

It was customary in the army 
for every regiment to have a Sut- 
ler, who conducted his business 
under the rules and regulations 
of the officers of the regiment. 

Of course we were burdened 
with one and for honesty and up- 
rightness he did not stand very 
high, at least the boys claimed 
so, for he enjoyed the reputation 
of charging unreasonable prices. 

When pay-day came and the 
boys settled with the Sutler, as a 
rule they had a very little left. 

The writer of this had very lit- 
tle to do with the Sutler, and 
what he did buy he paid for, con- 
sequently saved his money which 
the soldier boys were very anx- 
ious to borrow. It was estimated 
that as a rule it took three-quar- 
ters of the pay the beys received 
to pay the Sutler. 

Our next move covered a dis- 
tance of one hundred miles, but 
did not take us out of the State 
of Kentucky. 

It was on the 11th day of Feb- 
ruary, 1863, that we took up our 
line of march and in due time, 
arrived at Camp Fitch, near Cov- 
ington, Ky., opposite the City of 

The disturbances caused by 
the rebels and their sympathizers 
in Central Kentucky, under the 
leadership of Generals John C. 
Morgan and Kirby Smith, became 
very alarming, consequently the 
commanding General of the De- 



partment ordered our regiment 
to Cynthiana, Ky., and on the 
28th of February, 1863, the regi- 
ment leached its destination. 

Rebels and Their Sympathizers. 

From Cynthiana we were 
rushed on double-quick time to 
Lexington, Ky., for an attack 
was hourly expected, besides the 
Union citizens informed the com- 
manding officer that the rebels 
had planned to surprise and cap- 
ture the Union forces on the first 

The soldiers decided not to per- 
mit anything of the kind and as a 
precaution, we again slept with 
our guns by our side in order 
to meet the enemy at a moment's 

Upon our arrival at Lexington 
we learned again that the Johnny 
Rebs had flown, so the, great 
anticipated fight was declared off 
and the regiment left for Paris, 
Ky., where we found the rebels 
on the move as usual. 

The boys having been disap- 
pointed so many times were now 
really anxious for a scrap with 
the Johnnies. We then returned 
to Covington and the eight com- 
panies were distributed in and 
about the line of old fortifications 
and breastworks located on the 
hills back of the city, extending 
from a point on the Ohio River 
below Cincinnati, xo a point up 
the river, forming a line of de- 
fense about seven or eight miles 
in length. 

We began at once to take down 
and rebuild on a larger and more 
formidable scale these defensive 

This is what we called good 
hard work, and where the old 
fortifications were not com- 
pleted we were obliged to finish 

Talk about manual labor, recon- 

structing and strengthening the 
already crude parapets, trenches, 
walls for defense, ditches, wells 
and outlooks, etc., etc., we assure 
you was no easy matter. 

In addition to this hard work 
there came the drilling- several 
hours each day in small arms in- 
stead of cannon. 

We were armed with the old- 
fashioned Enfield rifles, at that 
time called "muskets." 

Every minute of our time 
seemed to be taken up, and if in 
any place where we should have 
had plenty of time it was in our 
eating and sleeping, but both 
were cut short. 

We now admit, however, it was 
exactly the right thing to do for 
it prepared us for any kind of 
military duty. 

It is remarkable how very nice 
the recruiting officers were when 
urging" us to enlist and their 
felicitious solicitations as to our 
previous conditions and how real- 
ly bright and intelligent we were 
and that confidentially and on 
account of abilitv and achieve- 
ments along educational lines 
which exhibited themselves in our 
individual case, that we would 
be slated for -promotion at an 
early date, which story they told 
to every one. 

It did seem that they could not 
do enough for us, but when the 
tide turned, which it surely did 
after enlistment, we found our 
dearest friends had flopped com- 
pletely around, and it almost 
seemed a crime to address an of- 
ficer unless you did so after com- 
ing to an attention and standing 
in a saluting position. 

But we, the recruits, were there 
for three years, as we had prom- 
ised Uncle Sam that we would 
serve him for that length of time, 
or during the war. 

Many of the officers received 



Lieutenant H. C. Miller, 

Residing at Jackson, Ohio, as he 
appears fifty years after the Civil 
War. He served in two regiments 
during the great strife. We are 
proud to sav that he, like Gen. 
Matthews, is an honorary member 
of Co. M. He has spent the most 
of his life in uplifting his fellow- 
creatures and to bring hope and 
courage to all who were so fortun- 
ate as to know him. We all love 
Judge H. C. Miller. 

their appointments through home 
influence, "having a pull," as some 
of the boys called it and many 
were sorely disappointed because 
they did not receive commissions. 
One of the greatest problems 
that ever came up for discussion 
in the regiment was to solve 
where the 117th O. V. T. left off 
and the First 0. V. H. A. be- 

( ampanies I, K, L and M, — Where 

They were dovetailed together- 
very suddenly, but no one could 
discover the connecting link. 
The change was made so that on 
August 12th, L863, the regiment 
bloomed out in its new name. 

The 117th O. V. I. turned over 
to the new regiment seven hun- 
dred and ninety-six (796) men 
who had all been duly enlisted for 
three years or during the war. 

This left over one thousand new 
recruits to secure before the new 
Artillery Regiment would be up 
to the requirements of the War 
Department at Washington. 

This made an aggregate strength 
of 1,839 officers and men. 

The addition of Companies "I," 
"K" and "L" and "M" with the 
old regiment would make it com- 

Company "I" was recruited in 
Morgan County, about McConnell- 
ville and Malto, with A. Lewis as 
Captain, and George Z. Dickerson 
First Lieute.nant, Sr. Lewis Ferris 
as First Lieutnant, Jr. The Second 
Lieutenants were William Cole 
and David Snoddy. 

Company "L" was recruited in 
the region of Fostoria, Hancock 
County. Ohio, J. S. Preble, Cap- 
tain. Bolivar Webber and Eben- 
ezer Wilson were First Lieuten- 
ants. The Second Lieutenants 
were William Bivens and John 

Company "M" was recruited in 
Erie, Sandusky and Huron Coun- 
ties, with Henry J. Bly, Captain; 
the First Lieutenants were James 
H. Ainslie and Nelson E. Prentice. 

The Second Lieutenants of 
Company k< M" in the beginning 
were Philander S. Abbott and 
Benega C. Miller. Then followed 
James G. Fish and Wallace E. 
Brat ton. 

Tt is presumed that the men 
who enlisted in all of the above 
named companies were very 
much alike, and as a specimen, 
I will give you a sketch of the 
latter named company. 

While Comnany "M" was being 
recruited their headquarters were 
in the City of Sandusky. The 



Company being recruited to its 

maximum, Captain II. J. Bly re- 
ported to Governor Todd, who or- 
dered the Captain to take his 
Company to Covington immediate- 
ly and have them sworn into the 
p. S. Service. 

March Over the Cumberland 

July 13th, 1863, Company "M" 
with its new raw recruits, pre- 
senting the, appearance of a lot 
of "wild men from Borneo," took 
our departure from Sandusky 
for Cincinnati, and across the 
Ohio River to Covington, where 
they arrived in the evening of 
the same day, a half starved lot 
of youngsters. 

Every Company in the Union 
Army had its scientific men, and 
Company "M" was not the ex- 
ception, for a few of the boys 
while on the trip down from San- 
dusky discovered a featherless 

There were several in the brood 
and the boys placed them on ex- 
hibtion while on the train. Be- 
sides there were a number of 
geese which perished at sight of 
these young scientific amateurs, 
and later were paid for at fifty 
cents each. The owners of these 
geese were Irish women, from 
the Irish colony on the outskirts 
of Covington, and such a roar of 
indignation and anger with in- 
flamed contempt that these wom- 
en poured out in their wrath, fol- 
lowing us to camp when the com- 
manding officer notified the boys 
that they better settle with these 
women, or they would be liable to 
be disciplined. 

Another episode which was not 
verv creditable to our raw re- 
cruits happened upon the streets 
of Cincinnati, as we were pass- 
ing from the station to the ferry 
where we crossed the Ohio River. 

They simply picked up the entire 
fruit stand of an Italian vender 
of fruits which covered nearly 

one-half of the sidewalk, and the 
boys marched away with it, and 
the poor vender stood in wonder 
and amazement, his eyes follow- 
ing the boys until they disap- 
peared around the next block. 

Scores of similar happenings 
occurred while we were in camp 
in ,and around Covington, but I 
will not attempt here to relate 
them. However, you all remem- 
ber "Mary," the Pie Woman, who 
tried to supply all of Sherman's 
army with dried apple pies. 

These pies of Mary's seemed 
to be a necessary article until 
she sold one of our soldier boys 
a pie for a five cent piece and 
which after eating about one- 
half of the pie, bit into a dead 
mouse. He declared the. pie had 
the flavor of a green hide tan- 

It would not add to our boys' 
reputation to make too much of a 
reference to the tournaments at 
the three-mile house, and I will 
allow them to pass into oblivion. 

The members of the First Regi- 
ment Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artil- 
lery never will forget the march 
over the Cumberland Mountains, 
during the cold winter of 1864. 
It was in January that we re- 
ceived marching orders to pro- 
ceed forthwith to Knoxville, Ten- 
nessee, consequently assembling 
our several detachments, scat- 
tered over Kentucky, at Point 
Burnside on the Cumberland 
River. We remained there until 
February 29th when we com- 
menced our march over those 
rouerh and scraggly mountains, 
w T hich to make it worse were 
covered with frozen snow from six 
inches to two feet in depth sup- 
ported by extremelv cold weather. 

We were under the command of 



Sergeant Theodore B. Tucker, 

As he appears fifty years after the 
War of the Rebellion. He made a 
gallant soldier and enjoyed the 
confidence and respect of all his 
comrades. He was very solicitous 
as to the welfare of the soldiers 
under his command. He occupied 
many places of trust and honor 
during the war and has lived an 
exemplary life since he was dis- 
charged from the U. S. Army, and 
is one of Toledo's leading and hon- 
ored citizens. 

a brave and fearless officer of our 
regiment, whom the boys had ex- 
plicit confidence in. We arrived at 
Knoxville, March 9th, 1864. 

I will herewith give you a 
sketch of that hard march over 
the Cumberland Mountains, which 
you will remember unite vividly. 

The Confederate General, Long- 
street, with his veteran army of 
rebel fighters had laid siege at 
Knoxville, which was the principal 
cause of the War Dept. ordering 
our regiment to march without 
delay to the relief of General 
Burnside, who In December had 
forced Longstreel to erect a living 
wall of men around the city of 

Knoxville to make the Union Army 
surrender or starve. 

Fort Sanders. 

Longstreet's forces had believed 
it to be an easy matter to cap- 
ture the city by storm, and made 
an unsuccessful effort by charg- 
ing upon Fort Sanders but failed 
in their desperate attempt to dis- 
lodge the Union forces. General 
Sherman came to the relief of 
Burnside in December, forcing 
Longstreet to retreat. 

The confederate loss in their 
charge upon Fort Sanders, was 
over seven hundred in killed and 
wounded. Before General Sher- 
man with his army could reach 
Knoxville, General Longstreet 
beat a retreat and left East Ten- 
nessee, marching his defeated 
army into Virginia. 

History gives a detailed account 
of the terrible fight at Fort San- 
ders. Later on we will have some- 
thing more to say about this af- 

Several companies of our regi- 
ment rendezvoued at Camp Nelson, 
Kentucky. It was at this time 
and place that Assistant Surgeon 
Hard of our regiment, gave a very 
careful examination of the troops 
and selected only such soldiers as 
were in good health and able to 
stand the march over the Cum- 
berland Mountains, and those who 
were not strong enough were re- 
turned to Covington and as soon 
as they recovered were sent 
around by Nashville to join the 
regiment at the front. They did 
not arrive at Knoxville until the 
following spring, and some of 
them were discharged on account 
of physical disability. 

January 25th, 1864. two bat- 
talions of the First Regiment Ohio 
Volunteer Heavy Artillery, march- 
ed out of Camp Nelson, being the 


start of the hardest march of our 

Since the date of the enlist- 
ment of our regiment, the com- 
panies had been scattered over 
the state of Kentucky, one batal- 
lion doing" garrison duty at John- 
son's Island, this was the first time 
so many of our regiment were 
together. Some had been at Cov- 
ington and Newport, while Capt. 
W. L. Barnes was stationed at 
Paris Ky. with one Company. 

Companies "F" and "I", under 
command of Capt. Cole were at 
Lexington, and Companies "H", 
"K". "L" and "M", under com- 
mand of Major T. S. Matthews, 
were at Camp Nelson, Kentucky, 
besides a detachment, under com- 
mand of Lieutenant Jas. H. Ains- 
lie, being at Johnson's Island 
guarding prisoners. On January 
6th, 1864, Lieut. Nelson E. Pren- 
tice was detailed to take command 
of McLean Barracks, a prison on 
Third Street, Cincinnati, and you 
will find on page 58 in connection 
with this history, a detailed ac- 
count of Lieut. Prentice's duty 
while he was absent from the 
regiment. He was absent over 
five months, returning and join- 
ing the command at Louden, Tenn. 
After the second command left 
Camp Nelson, and was well under 
way, the regiment presented a 
grand picture for there were over 
twelve hundred men in marching 
column, stretching out along the 
road leading South. The boys were 
in high spirits and nroud of their 
fine appearance. While we gave 
the appearance of a new bodv of 
troops, many of the men had been 
in the army over two years, fight- 
ing the rebels, and all had been 
in the service over six months, 
and were well drilled and dis- 
ciplined. We fully realized what 
we were now goinq- to experience, 
besides hard marching, we would 

also see some fighting. Many 
antics were indulged in by the 
boys as we marched along the 
route. The soldiers were well 
weighted down with their guns 
and ammunition, accounterments, 
besides knapsack, haversack and 
contents and many lagged behind, 
but they were relieved by the 
comrades who volunteered to car- 
ry their outfit until the tired com- 
rade was rested. 

Captured a Keg of Applejack. 

The members of one of the Com- 
panies were always glad of the 
opportunity to distinguish them- 
selves. They inaugurated a 
scheme at Hall's Gap, by which 
one of them captured a Lieuten- 
ant's coat with its brass buttons 
shining bright and the shoulder 
straps and assumed command of 
a detachment, after which they 
proceeded to a house of a well 
known citizen in the country and 
arrested him on a charge of moon- 
shining. They searched the house 
and captured a keg of applejack. 
To the citizen under arrest they 
suggested he was liable to be shot, 
and probablv would be; that they 
had found the goods in his pos- 
session, but to be merciful to him 
it was hinted that thev would giv<* 
him a chance for his life and 
when their backs were turned he 
could make a dash for liberty, 
and they would make no effort to 
capture him. As he rushed 
through snace. the boys fired a 
faw shots that hastened his speed. 
The keg was shouldered and the 
march towards camp bep;an. 

As the keg became empty, the 
boys became full. This seemed to 
be necessary to divide the load so 
that it would not be a burden to 
anv one. A keg, you know, is an 
unhandy thing to carry. Upon 
arriving 1 at camp, the whole 
scheme was given away by Acting 



Corporal Warren C. Breckenridge 
and Lucius A. West, 

Members of Company M. You will the year 1864. They possessed 

see by these pictures that they more than ordinary ability, and 

were two snlendid looking- sol- served the most of their soldier 

rii^vo ti^o >.;^„ ^ life on special duty, and were 

clieis. lnis picture was presented i j j j • j i! n ^ • 

, ,, . loved and admired by all their 

to Sergeant Major Woolson during comrades 

Lieutenant, who had stolen the 
officer's coat for the occasion and 
who was whooping and yelling like 
a demon. 

B S 

— S , who also was 

tired from having carried 
the keg so long, was called upon 
for an explanation. He explained by 
turning over his canteen to Maj. 
.Matthews, Commander of the 
Regiment, who examined the con- 
tenta and passed it around at 
headquarters until it had all evap- 
orated, with the result that B — 
sorry he had explained. It 
mow midnight, and John was 
making so much noise that a de- 
tail was made to take him over 
the hill into the next township, 
out of hearing. He returned the 
next morning in time to join the 

Nearly every person living at 
the beginning of tin; year 1864 

will remember that it was the 

coldest New Year's we had ever 
experienced in this country, and 
the cold weather continued 
through the winter. 

When we went into camp on 
Dick River, we did not dare to 
lie down for fear of freezing to 
death, so we built fires and sat 
around in a circle all night with 
our blankets over our backs. In 
this way, we were able to keep 
from freezing. Each one would 
take his turn in getting wood, 
but he had to hustle on account 
of the intense cold. Those love- 
lv red cedar rails we found all 
through our line of march in 
Kentucky made beautiful camp 
fires, and the fowls, that the 
blue-grass region furnished were 
the finest in the world. 

As we were marching along, 
iust before we reached Point 
Burnside, we met a young negro 
slave, about eighteen years of age, 


sitting in a wag-on, drawn by two 
horses, and our boys told him to 
hitch his horse to the fence and 
come along. That was what he 
wished to do but, as he said, 
he feared his master would kill 
him. We .assured him that we 
would furnish him with proper 
protection. He tied his team to 
the fence and accompanied the 
army until we arrived and went 
into camp for the night. We had 
only time to get our tents up 
when the negro's master came 
into camp for his property. He 
was escorted up to the head- 
quarters of the commanding offi- 
cer, where he entered his com- 
plaint. The officer informed him 
that he did not believe the boy 
was in our camp, but to satisfy 
the master, an officer was instruc- 
ted to go with him and make a 
search of the Camp. In the mean- 
time, the boy rushed outside to 
a clump of woods and secreted in 
the bushes. The master looked in 
and examined each tent, but no 
negro, so he returned to his home 
and the negro came out of his 
hiding place. He assisted abo"~ 
our camp until we started on our 
march over the mountains, when 
he disappeared. 

The Army Mule. 

After remaining in Camp Burn- 
side over one month, preparing 
for our hard march over the 
Cumberland Mountains, we re- 
ceived the order to ''forward 
march". We started on the 
twenty-eiorht dav of February, one 
of the coldest day of the season. 
After getting under way, snow 
and sleet took possession of the 
w r eather and never, in all our ex- 
perience, did we see so much suf- 
fering as while on this march. 
The wet weather weighted down 
the bovs and, as thev became 
fatigued, they commenced to dis- 

card everything possible and, for 
miles and miles along our line of 
march, there were thrown away 
overcoats, knapsacks, clothing of 
all sorts. Several wagon loads of 
burdensome things found a win- 
tery grave on that, our first day's 
march. Had we wagons, they 
might have been saved, but not 
in all that large army was there 
a wagon to be found, for we 
could not take any with us. All 
the w r heeled machines we had were 
two ambulances, and they were 
drawn by four mules, with two 
men on each side holding guy 
ropes to keep the ambulances 
from tipping over. There was 
no wagon road, neither were there 
roads of any kind, consequently 
no wagons. The modes of trans- 
portation were "pack mules", of 
which we had one thousand. They 
carried the supplies on their 
backs, and it was no uncommon 
sight to see a mule, with his 
load of hard-tack, pork, sugar, 
coffee and other supplies, rolling 
down a hundred feet or more to 
the foot of some ravine. The 
banks were very steep, and it was 
with difficulty that we could 
march without falling. It was 
amusing, and at the same time 
painful, to see the ponderous 
loads of some of these little mules 
at the start, but as we progressed, 
their loads lightened growing 
rapidly less, and before we reach- 
ed our place of destination, the 
pack, as well as the mule was 
emnty. The soldiers grew to love 
and respect the mule, for the man 
and the mule were so interwoven 
in army history that there sprung 
up a fellow feeling of admiration, 
measured by the power of endur- 
ance with each other, and sub- 
mission to abuse and overwork. We 
were obliged to admit that the 
mule alwavs went down in a con- 
test of this kind, for the man 



could endure the most. While the 
mule was taking his rest at night, 

the man had to be on duty. While 
the man was in battle, the mule 
was back in the rear in safety. 

The highway over which the 
regiment marched was the same 
over which General A. E. Burn- 
side, with his legion, marched 
early in L863. The old telegraph 
line which he had put up was our 
only guide. In many places, the 
wire was down under the frozen 
snow and here and there attached 
to a tree. The country was 
worthless, and very rarely did we 
see a human being-, until we pas- 
sod the Tennessee line. The coun- 
try was just as God made it, with 
no change since creation. One 
who had read of Daniel Boone 
and Simon Kenton would not be- 
lieve those in authority would 
have selected such a miserable 
scene for operations. Occasional- 
ly, a log: hut was passed and a 
clearing of an acre or so wiiich 
indicated that some poor, deluded 
creature had been there and made 
an effort at agriculture. Our ad- 
vance guard, upon a few occasions, 
came in sight of human beings, 
but they immediately fled to the 
woods, frightened nearlv out of 
their wits, but never did a man 
appear. The women and children 
were almost naked and strangers 
to soan and water, apparently on- 
ly half civilized. This was the 
sacred soil of Kentucky neutrality. 
It was an extensive undertaking 
of our Government to penetrate 
this wilderness. 

On the last dav of February and 
the first day of March, it rained 
continuously. We were on top of 
Cumberland Mountains. By noon, 
it began to snow and f reeze at 
the same time, and the limbs were 
loaded down with ice and snow. 
The brittle nine trees would give 
way under the weight and come 

crashing: down in a way that was 
not at all safe or pleasant to our 
men. Some of our comrades will 
remember that one of the mem- 
bers of the 10th. Michigan Cav- 
alry was killed that day by a fall- 
ing-limb. As the men marched 
along towards the south, one could 
see, by looking to the rear when 
passing- over a hill, their knap- 
sacks, hats, guns and clothing 
covered wilth snow 7 , and guns at 
light shoulder shift, looked like 
the very mountain itself was mov- 
ing. This, no doubt, would have 
made as handsome a picture as 
ever was painted of Washington 
at Valley Forge, or Napoleon at 

Cumberland Mountains, and Ser- 
geant Tucker's Account of Two 
Prostrated Soldiers. 

As we began the descent down 
the mountain side, we could see, 
when coming to an opening, heavy 
black clouds floating like great 
rolls of smoke. A huge and fur- 
ious storm was raging below us, 
but we were above it and felt 
secure. On the route, we tra- 
versed during the week, we saw 
the wrecks of at least two hun- 
dred army wagons and four hun- 
dred dead horses and mules. We 
saw several places where teams 
of mules had been left behind, 
chained to a wa^on, and had 
browsed all the twigs within reach 
and then gnawed awav the wood- 
work of the wagon and died there, 
unable to get awav. 

Comrade T. B. Tucker will give 
you a description of the two com- 
rades of Company "M", who were 
left upon the Cumberland Moun- 
tains, for the reason that they 
were unable to march in the fur- 
ious storm. One of these com- 
rades, named Preston Palmer, suf- 
fered intensely from sore feet ut>- 
on the frozen ground. Wherever 
he went, he could be tracked by 



This picture was taken at the Woolson Farm, 1915. The two little 
girls holding the flag are Misses Constance W. Brand and Weona 
Charlotte Engle. 

Reading from left to right they are : 

John S. Hutsinpiller, Adjutant, 1st 0. V. H. A.; W. S. Matthews, 
Asst. Adjt. General; Alvin M. Woolson, Sergeant Major; Hilborn C. 
Miller, Lieutenant Co. G, 1st 0. V. H. A. 

the blood, from his bleeding feet, 
upon the snow. The other com- 
rade had a very serious case of 
inflammatory rheumatism and his 
limbs and feet were swollen so 
badly that he could not stand, 
besides he had an attack of fever. 
The two were left at a log house 
containing only one room with a 
large fire place at one end, and 
whenever it snowed out side the 
flakes had no trouble in coming 
through the cracks between the 
logs. This log house was owned 
and occupied by a man and his 
wife bv the name of Keith, they 
had eight children, a part of 
whom were barefooted, they were 
required to go out of doors every 
day and run around in a circle 

which had been made in the snow. 
These children were seemingly 
healthy and happy in their squalor. 

General Fry Sends Ambulance 
with Detachment of Soldiers. 

The two sick soldiers were 
obliged to remain here for several 
days, but upon Gen. Fry, who was 
in command at Point Burnside, re- 
ceiving word that two soldiers 
were at this place, he despatched 
an ambulance with four mules 
and a detachment of soldiers to 
bring them in. They returned in 
due time after a perilous journey. 

They found, upon arrival at the 
log house, that a smallpox sign 
had been nailed over the door, 
which was placed there by the 



sick comrades to keep the rebels 
away, which scheme worked ad- 

The rebels would come up to 
within fifty feet of the log 
cabin and strain their eyes in 
their efforts to see how many 
smallpox cases were there, and, 
after taking a second look at the 
smallpox sign, they would "move 
on" to parts unknown. 

The following statement is made 
by Sergeant T. B. Tucker, who 
was an eye witness to the terrible 
sufferings of the comrades who 
were left in the log cabin. Ser- 
geant Tucker was especially de- 
tailed to march back to Point 
Burnside, to pick up all the sol- 
diers who had lagged behind, and 
report to Gen. Fry. 

He says that "A. M. Woolson was 
the soldier who was so seriously ill 
with inflammatory rheumatism, 
referred to elsewhere, who was 
left in the log cabin with Comrade 
Preston Palmer. When I saw him 
lying down on that little bed, I 
never expected to see him alive 
again. I made up my mind that 
the first thing I would do, upon 
my arrival at Gen. Fry's head- 
quarters at Point Burnside, would 
be to report that there were away 
back in the mountains, tw r o Union 
soldiers, so ill that they were un- 
able to leave the log cabin in 
which thev were left by Surgeon 
H. E. Hard, First 0. V. H. A., and 
1 would urge prompt attention for 
fear of their being captured by the 
rebels. Gen. Fry, who was in com- 
mand of the Union forces at Camp 
Burnside, lost no time in getting 
an ambulance started for the 
mountains to bring the two sol- 
diers into camp." 

It was certainly an agreeable 
surprise to the two sick soldiers, 
when they first saw an ambulance 
coming; over the Cumberland 

Mountains, under guard of a troop 
of soldiers. They arrived about 
noon and hurriedly fixed the con- 
valescent soldiers, (who had im- 
proved somewhat) , comfortably 
in the ambulance. 

Preston Palmer was given a 
seat in the conveyance, but A. 
M. Woolson could not sit up on 
account of the swelling of his legs, 
so they laid him down in the bot- 
tom of the ambulance wdth knap- 
sacks packed on each side to keep 
him from rolling from one side 
to the other. Comrades will re- 
member that, in the rear of the 
ambulances, there were oblong 
holes made to carry tent poles, 
etc. The road was very rough and 
Young Woolson would slide out 
through one of these holes until 
the driver would take him by the 
collar of his coat and jerk him 

The first night after leaving the 
log cabin, what to do with the 
sick soldiers was a problem to the 
officers. Observing a house, the 
Sergeant knocked on the door, 
but there was no response. We 
could see smoke coming out of the 
chimney and other evidence that 
the house was occupied, so a sec- 
ond knock, and the door opened. 
There appeared an elderly lady, 
who informed the officers that 
there was no one at home, except 
herself and daughter; besides the 
house contained only one room. 
The officer assure.d her that it 
would be necessary for us to sleep 
there over night for he had two 
sick soldiers. He told her we would 
not disturbed her or her wood 
pile, that we would sleep on the 
floor, and keep up a little fire all 
night and that we would cut our 
own wood. She reluctantly con- 
sented and informed us finally that 
her husband was in the Southern 
Army and was liable to come 



Preston Palmer, 

A Union Soldier from 1862 to 
1865. As a man he was honest 
and true, as a soldier he was brave 
and zealous. As a patriot, loyal 
and unswerving. In all his private 
and personal relations he was ten- 
der and affectionate, generous and 
conscientious, and a true Christian 
gentleman. For fortitude and for- 
bearance none excelled him. 

home any time with a troop of 
Confederate soldiers. 

But our Captain replied that we 
would take our chances. Our 
soldier boys built up a roaring fire, 
the weather being cold and ground 
covered with snow. We made our 
coffee, which we divided with the 
ladies, also giving them a portion 
of our hard bread, after which 
they seemed to be less fearful. 
Morning came and we were early 
on the march. Although the route 
was rough and weather inclement, 
the sick soldiers constantly im- 
proved. The third day, we arrived 
at Point Burnside. Preston Pal- 
mer was sent to the convalescent 
camps with orders to report daily 
until a boat could be secured to 
take the remnant of the 1st O. V. 

H. A. to the front via Nashville. 

A. M. Woolson was sent to the 
hospital, which was composed of 
about two hundred tents, which 
held six each. The first night, 
three of the six who occupied 
the tent with young Woolson 
died. This so frightened him 
that he decided to leave, if pos- 
sible, and informed the hospital 
steward that, if he had a pair of 
crutches, he would try to walk. 
Two crutches were made out of 
the limbs of a tree and young 
Woolson started out w ; th the 
swelling all simmered down into 
his left foot. The tents were on 
the side of a hill one hundred and 
fifty feet above the river. He 
found it easy to walk down hill 
but, when he began to retrace 
his steps, found it impossible, 
therefore, he continued on down, 
until he reached the river where 
two boats were found, each bound 
for Nashville five hundred miles 

A Spectacular Ride Down the 

Cumberland River, 500 Miles 

To Nashville. 

When A. M. Woolson was 
brought to Point Burnside, he 
could not stand alone. His recov- 
ery, even now, seems a miracle. 
Being urgent and determined to 
join his command at once, he was 
carried to one of the boats of the 
first fleet down the river, consist- 
ing of the transport Ella Faber, J. 

B. Ford and Nellie Hartupee. On 
the second day out from Point 
Burnside at ten a. m., March 11th, 
1864, we were attacked by a force 
of about fiften hundred guerillas, 
who were ambushed in the high, 
rocky cliffs along the west side 
of the Cumberland River below 
Carthage, Tennessee. The boats, 
more especially the Ella Faber, 
were riddled with bullets, the 



pilots driven from their houses 
and the colored stokers from their 
places. The boats were left drift- 
ing in a helpless condition as we 
reached a sudden sharp turn to 
the east in the River. Here the 
Rebels had prepared a large raft 
fifty by two hundred feet in size, 
and made to appear like a part 
of the swampy south shore, by 
sticking brush upright between 
the logs of the raft. At the mo- 
ment when we had drifted nearly 
on to them, the men, hidden on 
the raft, opened a terrific fire on 
our boats and, notwithstanding 
our brisk fire in return, prepared 
to board us. Just then, we saw 
the brush being swept off a por- 
tion of the raft and great gaps 
appearing in the shrubbery, at 
the same time the sound of a can- 
non was heard in the distance. 
The Johnnies were now jumping 
like frogs from the raft into the 
water and the reports of the can- 
non shots were heard in quick 
succession. The raft was quickly 
cleared of men and brush, then 
our gun-boat, Newsboy, was seen 
coming up the River. This solved 
the mystery of the cannon shots 
for they had been sweeping the 
raft with canister. 

We now resumed our way in 
confidence, as we were escorted to 
Nashville by this gun-boat. 

It was on the fifth day of March 
that we arrived at Jacksboro, 
Tennessee, and, while in camp 
there, the men began to forage, 
but, there being a great many 
Union people in East Tennessee, 
we were disposed to pay for what 
we received, or at least to make 
good promises. The people were 
easily pursuaded that bread and 
pies were for the soldier boys. 
You Comrades undoubtedly will 
remember those pies. They were 
not exactly like the pies Mary, 
the pie-woman, sold us at Coving- 

ton and Newport, but they were 
made along the same lines. These 
pies, supplied us by the native 
southern people, you boys will 
agree with me, w r ere a mystery: 
Just how they were made is one 
of the lost arts. The "shortening" 
in the crust was put in the long 
way, then reversed and crossed 
drilled, chain-stitched and clinch- 
ed. The "inwards" of the thing 
were dogwood berries and green 
persimmons, haired together with 
a touch of oak bark. They were 
very astringent and their staying 
qualities were remarkable. Some 
of the soldier boys still carry 
them in their stomachs as honor- 
able scars, mememtos of the late 
war of the rebellion. 

At two o'clock p. m., March 
7th, 1864, our Regiment halted on 
Gay Street, in Knoxville; standing 
at a parade rest, while the com- 
manding officer reported our ar- 
rival, and was directed to our 
camp. We then moved over the 
river to the hill on the south side 
of the City, occupying an old camp 
of lousy shacks made of pine logs, 
where we had ample time to medi- 
tate and wait for food until the 
red tape requisition could be made. 

It was late in the evening before 
the rations wejre issued and we 
certainly enjoyed them, especial- 
ly after a twenty-four hour fast. 

Knoxville at this time gave the 
appearance of an uninhabitated 
town, except its military occupa- 
tion. Not a person could be seen 
upon the streets and the blinds 
of the houses were closed, and 
the town showed plainly the ef- 
fects of the long siege through 
which it so recently passed. It 
was not long, however, until the 
blinds began to be thrown open, 
and the inhabitants to show them- 
selves, and, among them, we 
found a good many loyal people. 


Alvin Mansfield Woolson. 

This picture shows how he look- 
ed in 1918, after rounding out a 
vigorous and strenuous life. He 
resides at 2057 Parkwood Avenue, 
Toledo, Ohio. He weighs 165 
pounds, and is six feet in height. 

Alvin Mansfield Woolson. 

This picture was taken during 
the first year he served as a Union 
Soldier in the United States Army. 
He was promoted from Corporal 
to Sergeant Major, and honorably 
discharged from the army July 
25th. 1865. 

Burying the Dead Confederates at 

Fort Sanders. Expedition 

Under Gen. Burbridge. 

Our Regiment only remained in 
this filthy camp a short time, for 
the next day we were assigned 
new quarters in and around the 
town, a part of the Regiment oc- 
cupying the fortifications where 
the famous Fort Sanders was lo- 
cated, where the great slaughter 
of the Rebel General Longstreet's 
men had occurred. Among the 
first duties we had to perform was 
re-bury the dead confederates on 
the slope west of the fort. These 
bodies had been tumbled into 
rifle pits and slightly covered. 
They had been exposed to the 
weather for several months and 
the rains had washed the earth 
away, leaving arms and legs ex- 
posed, and, in some instances, the 

body of a Confederate soldier was 
entirely exposed, and, by the ac- 
tion of the sun and rains, and 
the decaying remains of these 
poor unfortunates, the odor aris- 
ing was unbearable. It was neces- 
sary to again bury them for the 
comfort and health of our men. 
We were obliged, in many in- 
stances, to dig new graves or 
trenches and dig them deeper in 
order to decently inter them. 

Food was so very scarce in 
Knoxville, that the soldiers were 
put on half and quarter rations. 
The citizens themselves suffered 
untold misery, mainly from need 
of food. The writer, himself, saw 
a man coming down the street 
with a loaf of bread under his 
arm and, meeting some soldiers, 
he was compelled to give up the 
loaf of bread. He cried and beg- 
ged piteously, and said that it was 


all he had for his starving family, 

but his bread was confiscated. 
Upon inquiry, the soldiers inform- 
ed him that the southern people 
were the cause of their being 
obliged to go south in order to 
force them to stay in the Union, 
and it was the southern people 
who had to furnish rations, es- 
pecially when our transportation 
lines were cut off, which was the 
case at this time. This was their 
excuse. Many were the interest- 
ing experiences our Regiment 
went through with during our 
Tennessee campaign, but we wall 
not relate in detail more of them, 
or this story will be too long. 
We will now proceed with the 
partial history of the Regiment, 
which we are obliged to write at 
length, in order to give a complete 
history of Company "M," First 
Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery:— 

On September 21st, 1864. Com- 
panies "B", "F", "G", "I" and 
"K". under command of Colonel 
C. G. Hawley, started on a raid 
with cavalry, under General Gil- 
lem, to act in concert with General 
Burbridge's expedition from Ken- 
tuckv in the raid on Saltville, 
Virginia. General Vaughn attack- 
od the command at Bull's Can, 
September 24th, but was easily 
repulsed. The column moved up 
rapidlv through Greenville and 
Jonesboro, arriving at Carter's 
Station on the Watauga River, one 
hundred and fourteen miles from 
Knoxville on the 27th, where it 
found the rebel Generals Vaughn 
and Debrill strongely fortified. 
Aftejr a severe fight, they were 
driven from their fortifications. 

The expedition under General 
Burbridge having failed to take 
the salt-works, notwithstanding 
Vaughn and Debrill were pre- 
vented from assisting in its de- 
fense, the command, after des- 
troying the railroad bridge over 

the Watauga River, returned to 
Bull's Gap and Knoxvile. 

Destruction of the Salt Works. 
General Stoneman in Command. 

The Regiment moved to Cleve- 
land, Tennessee, October 7th and, 
soon thereafter, to Chattanooga, 
at the concentration of troops 
there to guard against Hood's 
movement in rear of Sherman; 
but, on the 19th, returned to 
Cleveland and Charleston. Our 
Regiment then joined in the 
cavalry raid, under General Stone- 
man, against Saltville: this time 
it being successful. The Bur- 
bridge expedition being a com- 
plete failure, the Government sent 
General Stoneman from the East- 
ern Department to take charge. 
We well remember the day he ar- 
rived. He wore a dark citizen suit, 
which bore no indication that he 
was an officer in the Union Army. 
General Stoneman was famous for 
his genius in military strategy 
and by his science, he out-ma- 
noeuvered the enemv, and suc- 
ceeded in getting the Rebel General 
to send out a portion of his forces 
at Saltville, supposing the Union 
force were small in number and 
approaching Saltville from the 
right, the main army approach- 
ing the fortifications on the ex- 
treme left. Colonel Brownlow 
had little trouble in charging 
over the. parapets into the fortifica- 
tions and compelling the rebels to 
surrender. Then the destruction of 
the Salt-works began in dead earn- 
est. The buildings were set on 
fire, the wells filled up with iron 
bars, chains, crow-bars, iron pipe 
and whatever could be found 
which would do the work, and 
there was not a vestige of any- 
thing left. Then General Stone- 
man chased the confederates up 
in the mountains over forty miles, 


Andrew Houk, Artificer, 

One of the best soldiers in the 
Union Army. Always on duty, he 
performed his part with credit 
and honor. He was loved by 
every comrade in the Company. 
Has been the Color Sergeant for 
Co. "M" Association for many 

capturing a good many. On the 
raid, the members of Company 
"M" will remember how close run 
we were for rations; for I remem- 
ber distinctly of gathering up a 
few kernels of corn, which had 
shelled off the ears as the caval- 
ry horses has mused over it. This 
corn, we would parch over a fire, 
then put it in our haversacks and, 
many times it was our supply for 
a day or more of marching. 

During the early history of our 
regiment in Kentucky, we did not 
appear to be assigned to any re- 
ular brigade or division but, on 
our arrival in Tennessee, were as- 
signed to the Second Brigade. 
Forth Division, Twenty-third 
Army Corps, Army of Ohio under 
command of Major General J. M. 
Schofield, a gallant soldier, by ex- 
perience and training, being a 
graduate of West Point and fully 

capable of leading his command to 
victory. My memorandum book 
shows that there were many rum- 
ors around headquarters as to 

what we were to do and where we 
were to go. One of the rumors 
was that we were liable to be sent 
to the Army of The Potomac to 
join the forces under General 
Grant. Another report was that 
we would be sent to join the bal- 
ance of the Twenty-third A. C. un- 
der the command of General Scho- 
field, at the front with General 

The last important news being 
whispered around proved to be 
true. The Rebels had to be driven 
out of East Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky, for they were increasing 
in numbers so fast that General 
Sherman apprehended that they 
would interfere with the trans- 
portation of supplies of food for 
his army before he reached At- 
lanta. Consequently, orders 
were given by General Schofield 
that General George W. Stone- 
man, the great cavalry leader, 
should assume command of all the 
Union troops in Kentucky and 
Tennessee, and at once, start for 
North Carolina and Virginia. No 
one seemed to know our destina- 
tion. We well remembered that 
General Gillem received a terri- 
ble defeat by the Rebel General 
Breckenridge and his army, Gil- 
lem losing nearly one-half of his 
command. But we also remem- 
ber that General Gillem went into 
Greenville.. Tennessee, and sur- 
prised and, in the battle killed 
General John H. Morgan, the. no- 
torious Rebel raider. It was at 
this time that General Breckin- 
ridere came down from Virginia 
with his army, and, after attack- 



ing General Gillem twice being* 

repulsed, and. as General Gillem 
supposed about to retire in order 
to make 8 third attack, giving 
General Gillem with his army an 
opportunity to retreat, and just 
as he was in the act of with- 
drawing, Breckinridge resumed 
the attack, throwing Giliejn's 
forces into confusion. General 
Gillem lost, upon this occasion, 
the battery and about one-third of 
his men. Authorities blamed 
General Ammen for the defeat 
and the terrible loss of General 
Gillem's forces, but your histo- 
rian has a very vivid recollection 
of the whole affair, being at 
headquarters. The facts were, as 
you will bear me out, that those 
North Carolina troops, which 
composed General Gillem's Union 
Army, were inexperienced in 
military discipline. General Breck- 
inridge had three thousand men to 
General Gillem's sixteen hundred 
It is very doubtful if Gillem's men 
had been Ohio soldiers whether he 
would have been defeated. It was 
the common discussion around 
headquarters that when Gillem 
started out on a raid, whether he 
would return with one-half of the 
men he started with, for these 
North Carolina soldiers did not re- 
gard their word or signature as 
specially important. The state did 
furnish some of the best soldiers 
in the U. S. Army. Out of a thou- 
sand or fifteen hundred Union 
soldiers in General Gillem's com- 
mand, it was not unusual for him 
to report a quarter to a third de- 
serting, but he had a faculty of 
recruiting and keeping his regi- 
ments up to the full quota. Such 
men, with little or no experi- 
ence, were not the kind to stand 
up before Confederate Veterans. 
Upon General Stone/nan as- 
suming command of the Union 

Army, he, at once ordered Gen- 
eral S. G. Burbridge, command- 
ing all the United States forces 
in Eastern Kentucky, to concen- 
trate e,very available man he 
could mount at or near Cumber- 
land Gap. He was ordered to take 
all the horses he could find until 
he had enough to mount fell his 
men, then to push forward with 
all speed to check Breckinridge 
for, after the, beating- Breckin- 
ridge gave Gillem, he kept right on 
and succeeded in chasing Gillem as 
far towards Knoxville as Straw- 
berry Plains, where he met Gen- 
eral Amme.n, who drove Breck- 
inridge back. General Stoneman 
came on in person and made up 
his mind -that he would make 
quick work of the Rebel hords 
in East Tennessee. During this 
time e.very able-bodied Union sol- 
dier in East Tennessee was or- 
dered to proceed forthwith to 
Cumberland Gap, and many of 
you boys will remember meeting 
General Burbridge/s forces at 
Bean Station and Blain's Cross 
Roads, and how we, being short of 
rations, gathered ud the kernels 
of corn which had been mused 
over by Burbridge's cavalry 
horses. The ears of corn would 
be placed on the ground and, 
in eating the corn the horses 
would shell off quite a few ker- 
nels and that is what we had to 
gather and parch in order to get 
enough to eat. We were all on 
quarter rations on the Saltville 
expedition. General Burbridgte 
brought with him forty-two hun- 
dred well seasoned, picked men 
with a battery of four pieces. 
Stoneman ordered Burbridge to 
go into camp at Bean Station 
and to hold his command in 
readiness to move at a moment's 
notice. The arrival of this large 
force under Burbridge was a sur- 



prise to the Union forces and we 
could not understand what it all 
meant. Everything was on the 

General Gillem Defeated the Rebels 

Under Generals Morgan and 

Basil Duke. 

During the meantime, General 
Gillem re-organized his forces 
and refitted his cavalry through- 
out and when he took the field 
he had fifteen hundred good, 
able-bodied, picked me.n with as 
many selected horses. There had 
been considerable criticism heaped 
upon the shoulders of General 
Ammen, for allowing General 
Gillem to start out so poorly 
equipped, as he did three weeks 
before when General Breckin- 
ridge gave him such a trouncing. 
So, this time, Ammen made up 
his mind that Gillem should be 
armed with the best possible out- 
fit, besides, Gillem had promised 
great results if he could have 
such an army. Many of you Com- 
rades will remember that we ar- 
rived at Bean Station just on the 
eve of the departure of the cav- 
alry part of our armv. It is pre- 
sumed that, inasmuch as we were 
not mounted and acting as infan- 
try, we were to be the supnort of 
the cavalry and artillery in case 
our forces were driven back. The 
First 0. V. H. A. did not tarry 
very loner at Bean Station and 
Blain's Cross Roads, for it was 
with great diflScultv that we 
could be sufficiently supplied 
with rations to keen us from 
starving, so we soon received 
marching orders to return to 
Knoxville and hold ourselves in 
readiness for further orders. 

General Stoneman ?cted with 
such energy that the whole 
Union forces wpre ordered to 
"forward, march." It was on the 

10th of December when General 

Stoneman left Knoxville himself, 
and at the same time he gave 
the order, and there was no half- 
hearted way in starting out on 
this campaign. General Stone- 
man meant just what he said, 
that the Rebels must be driven 
out of this part of the Union and 
as quickly as it could be done. 
It was a grand inspiring sight in 
witnessing the cavalrv getting 
started and, for once, I lamented 
that I did not belong to the cav- 

It was so arranged bv Gillem's 
request, that he should be in 
the advance, for he was anxious 
to come in contact with those 
who gave him such a licking three 
weeks before and, as the head of 
the column arrived at Kingsnort 
on the morning of the twelfth, 
he came dashing into town at 
full speed. Gillem caught the 
Rebels wholly unprepared and re- 
turned the terrible defeat he had 
received before, with double inter- 
est. As the Burbridge part of 
the expedition came up. General 
Stoneman found the Rebels were 
a portion, or all that was left of 
Rebel General John Morgan's 
command, which was now under 
the command of Colonpl Richard 
Morgan, a brother of John Mor- 
gan. This, however, was a part 
of Basil Duke's command, who 
was another notorious bush- 
whacker raider, but, as it hap- 
nened, much to our reeret. Basil 
Duke was absent iust at that time, 
which saved him from beinor 
taken nrisoner. On this raid 
General Gillem's troops were in 
light marching order and unin- 
cumbered, having onlv seven am- 
bulances. Gillem completely out- 
manoeuvered the Rebels and 
soon had them on the run in 
great confusion in the direction 



1 3» "T 







m A 

Jay C. Smith, 

One of the youngest and bravest 
soldiers in the Union Army, and 
was loved by every member of 
Company M. Always alert to the 
welfare of his comrades. This pic- 
ture was taken before the Civil 
War closed. He has been a suc- 
c — fill farmer, and owns a herd 
of Holstein cattle, which has en- 
abled him to supply the Soldiers' 
and Sailors' Home at Sandusky, 
since it was first erected. 

towards Kingsport, and kept up 
the pursuit until 8 o'clock when 
Gillem halted to feed and rest, but 
only four hours, when he again 
chased the Hying Confederates. 
At Kingsport the Rebels weire 
found strongly posted in a cedar 
thicket, and. after consultation 
with Genera] Stoneman, it was 
decided to resort to the tactics 
of the previous dav, when the 
enemy was again driven in con- 
fusion and the pursuit only end- 
ed when all semblance of or- 
ganizing was lost. The enemy 
eightv-four prisoners and 
eighteen killed. The cantured in- 
cluded Colonel Richard Morgan, 
commanding the Rebel Brigade. 
They also lost fourteen large 

army wagons, loaded with sup- 
plies and four ambulances, con- 
taining all their ammunition, sub- 
sistence and wounded. 

Successful Raid on Salt Works. 

General decided now 
to push for the Salt Works, as 
quickly as possible and, on De- 
cember 13th General Burbridge, 
with his command, after an af- 
ternoon and a night's march, ar- 
rived at Bristol, hoping to find 
and capture the Confederate Gen- 
eral Vaughn and his Brigade. 
Vaughn was supposed to have 
twelve hundred men, who had 
been stationed at Bristol for sev- 
eral days. Upon arrival General 
Stoneman found Vaughn was not 
there, but the place had been 
captured bv Burbridge and a 
large quantity of stores destroyed 
with buildings, shops and all war- 
like material which was used in 
the, interest of the Confederate 
Government. A great time the 
boys had. At Bristol a raid was 
made on the dry goods store 
which belonged to a Rebel Gen- 
eral, so claimed, and, after ran- 
sacking the place the, boys would, 
as they went out, take hold of 
the end of a bolt of calico and, 
as thev ran down the street, 
drag the banner of calico after 
them and, several indulging in 
this snort, made great fun. There 
was little left to burn after the 
soldiers got through with the 
nlace. As the troopers entered 
Bristol, which little city is sit- 
uated exaetlv on the line of Ten- 
nessee and Virginia, in the auiet 
of the morning, the captain, com- 
manding the advance p*uard of 
Burbridge.' s cavalry, made a bee 
line for the telegraph office and 
caught the operator in the act 
of sending a message to Breck- 
inridge that the Yankees were in 


the, town. As Burbridge came up, 
he made the operator complete 
the message, while a dozen guns 
were pointed at his head. Bur- 
bridge added to the message: 
"Yankees are in town but only 
five hundred strong and appear to 
be like a lot of renegades." Bur- 
bridge also had the operator add, 
after they had been in the place 
half an hour that 'The Yankees 
had left in the direction of Salt- 
ville, and that Breckinridge could 
capture the outfit on sight." Be- 
sides this, the operator was kept 
under guard until the, army had 
destroyed all the wires connect- 
ing with the office out for sev- 
eral miles. General Stoneman se- 
cured from the operator the lo- 
cality and strength of the ene- 
my's forces and all the orders 
they had recently issued, which 
was a great advantage to the 
Union forces. 

Complete Destruction of Wvthe- 

ville. and th° I ear* Works, 

Where the Rebels Secured 

Their Supply of Lead. 

The Rebel loss at Bristol, in ad- 
dition to the destruction by fire, 
w T as seventeen or more officers and 
two hundred and sixty soldiers 
taken prisoners. They were, all 
sent back to Knoxville. General 
Stoneman decided that nothing- 
must be taken along which would 
irrmede the progress of the armv 
and, in order, also, to have enough 
horses for the artillery, he de- 
stroyed the caissons and hitched 
trie horses on the guns to get 
them along faster. 

Orders were issued bv General 
Stoneman that Burbridge and 
Gillem, with their brigades, must 
make all possible speed dbcctlv 
towards Saltville, and it is 
doubtful whether a cavalrv raid 
was eve.r made more expeditious- 

ly, for the entire force was mak- 
ing fast time towards their desti- 
nation. It had been rumored 

that the Rebels had been rein- 
forced, so gave Gillem 
two additional regiments, the 

Eleventh Kentucky and the Elev- 
enth Michigan Cavalry, and the 
whole outfit pushed on through 
Abington, where the railroad was 
destroyed. The. plan was to reach 
Saltville and Wytheville as quickly 
as it could be done and completely 
destroy both places. At Wythe- 
ville there were extensive lead 
works where the. Confederates se- 
cured all their lead, a very im- 
portant station. General Gillem 
was sent out to overtake and cap- 
ture General Vaughn's Armv and, 
after Vaughn had moved in dif- 
ferent directions, General Gillem 
struck him at Marion earlv in the 
moraine; of the 16th. Gillem was 
an early bird and Vaughn at- 
tempted to make a stand, but for 
only a short time when he or- 
dered a furious retreat. He could 
not stand the hammering Gil- 
lem's troops gave his army. Gil- 
lem completelv routed Vaughn 
and charged him every time he 
made a stand. Gillem punished 
Vaughn severely for the many 
dastardly murders he had com- 
mitted in East Tennessee. 

He took all of his artillery and 
wagons, loaded with supplies and 
ammunition with three hundred 
and eight nrisoners and nnvsued 
Vaughn's Brigade up in the 
mountains for fortv miles, and 
the last General Gillem heard of 
him was that he had less than 
two hundred men and all were 
marching in disorder. 

General ordered 
Gillem +o halt within one mile of 
Wytheville, where he was rein- 
forced by Colonel Brown's Bri- 
gade of Burbridee's command. 



This picture was taken 1863. 

Comrade William H. Hallenbeck 

Was the first Quartermaster Ser- 
geant of Company M and perform- 
ed his duty to the entire satisfac- 
tion of his superior officers. He 
was devoted to his comrades and 
looked after their requirements 
with a loving heart. 

Oillem then moving his entire, 
force into town without encoun- 
tering a shot or even seeing a 
Confederate soldier. The Elev- 
enth Kentucky was sent to de- 
stroy the railroad track leading 
towards Lvnchburg, and the bal- 
ance of Gillem's command com- 
menced the destruction of the 
immense amount of stores col- 
lected at Wytheville. The entire 
destruction of this place within a 
short time was accomplished. 
The Rebels had used one of the, 
largest churches in Wytheviiie to 
store their ammunition. Even 
this was destroyed by fire. 

During this time, Buckley's Bri- 
gade was sent out from Bur- 
bridpre' command to move as 
rapidly as possible to the great 
lead mines and destrov thorn as 
completely as it could be done;. 
Buckley obeyed the order to the 

letter for, after he finished, there 
was not a building standing, be- 
sides he so crippled the mining 
outfit that it would be impossible 
for the Rebels to use it again 
during the continuance of the 
war. He also burned all the rail- 
road bridges over the creeks on 
both sides of the town and sur- 
rounding country, and did all the 
damage which could be done to 
anything which had the semblance 
of being of any consequence to 
the Confederates. Then the whole 
of Stoneman's Army pushed the 
brigades of Colonels Cosby, Glit- 
ner and Witcher, and what was 
left of General Morgan's command, 
with all the Home Guards the 
Rebels could muster in and around 
Saltville,, and its neighboihood, 
who had been gathered to help 
defend the town from the yankee 
invasion. The Rebels also ex- 
pected the assistance of General 
Forest's command from Middle 
Tennessee, but he failed to come 
to their relief. 

Salt Works Destroyed. 

General Stoneman found the 
Rebel forces in strong fortifica- 
tions; in fact, too strong to at- 
tack, and moved towards Marion, 
where the Rebel General Breckin- 
ridge's forces were posted among 
th^ hills. He had forty-two hun- 
dred confederate soldiers, all sea- 
soned men. He proposed to give 
the yankees a stomach full of 
lead and shot. The telegram the 
operator at Bristol sent him, un- 
der the threat of immediate death 
by General Burbridpre, should he 
fail to comply, was the last Breck- 
inridge had heard. The T-D in- 
formed him of the. strength of the 
Yankee forces, so he decided that 
ho would send out a force which 
would gobble in the Yankees in 
short order, Breckinridge taking 



personal command himself. As 
soon as Stoneman saw that Breck- 
inridge's command had left his 
fortification, he immediately sent 
a force to cut off Breckinridge, 
who saw that he was outnumbered 
and overmatched and, as night 
fell, began to move out of the trap 
that Stoneman had laid for him. 
The 12th Ohio Cavalry, a fight- 
ing regiment, was sent after 
Breckinridge, capturing some of 
the enemy' s artillery caissons, 
w r agons, etc., found that Breckin- 
ridge was blockading the road 
which made, progress slow and 
success doubtful and he returned 
and joined the command. 

Several attempts had been made, 
during 1863 and 1864 to capture 
and destroy the Salt Works, as 
well as the Works, but with- 
out success. This time, the two 
important places were destined 
to fall, and to fall so deer* that 
they never did the Rebel Govern- 
ment any more good. 

Stoneman moved his force up 
to attack Saltville and formed his 
line in front of the fortification, 
much to the surprise of the 
Rebels, who had believed they 
dare not make such an attack. 
Stoneman was with General Gil- 
lem and his command about three- 
ouarters of a mile in front of 
Fort Breckinridge. 

It was now getting late in the 
afternoon of the, 20th, and ii the 
place was to be taken, it must 
be done at once. Stoneman. con- 
senuently, ordered Colonel Stacv, 
with the 13th Tennessee to march 
down to the, left and make a 
sudden dash into the town, doing 
all the shooting, yelling and set- 
ting fire to every building and to 
make all the noise he possibly 
could. Colonel Stacv executed 
these orders to perfection, and 
won the admiration of the whole 

Union force. The Rebels believed 
that the whole north was com- 
ing down upon them, the noise and 
commotion being so great. There 
was no power on earth which 
could stay the skedaddling of the 
enemy. Saltville and Salt Works, 
were a desolate sight when the 
Union (forces got through with 
them. What was left of the 
Rebel force was driven up in the 
mountains perfectlv demoralized. 

The Situation Summed Up Showed 
Union Cause Benefited Greatly. 

Now, to sum up the situation 
and to strike a balance, will show 
that the Union cause gained im- 
mensely by this raid, and the 
confederates lost bv the expedi- 
tion, all the railroad bridges this 
side of New River, with thirteen 
railroad trains and hundreds of 
extra freight and passenger cars, 
several engines, all the "depots of 
supplies of southwestern Virginia 
and railroad depots, all the founder- 
ies, mills, factories, storehouses, 
wagon and ambulance trains, 
turnpike bridges, twenty-five 
thousand rounds of ammunition 
for Cannon, and wap-on loads of 
ammunition for small arms, be- 
sides twe.nty-five hundred new 
pack saddles and a large amount 
of artillery and wagon harnesses, 
with several hundred sabers; 
thirtv-five hundred muskets, twen- 
tv pieces of field artillery, with 
eleven extra caissons, over two 
thousand horses, one thousand 
mules, several hundred negroes, 
one hundred thousand bushels of 
salt and many other things, too 
numerous to mention. "The great 
gratifying and satisfactorv cap- 
ture of all was the capture of 
four pestiferous, hot-heated, seces- 
sion newspapers, and the complete 
destruction of their places, presses, 
type., buildings, and their contents, 


and making the editors prison- 
ers, who were sent as a Christ- 
mas present to Parson Brownlow, 
publisher of the "Knoxville Whig 
and "Rebel Ventilator" at Knox- 
ville. a Union paper. But, prob- 
ably, the greatest loss inflicted 
upon the Rebel Government was 
the loss of the lead works, seven- 
toon miles from Wytheville and 
its total destruction, as far as 
Yankee ingenuity could conceive. 
The furnaces; kettles and ma- 
chinery were broken into nieces, 
the wells and shafts filled with 
shells, railroad iron and buildings 
burned down. In prisoners, the lost thirty-four officers and 
eight hundred and forty-five en- 
listed men, besides the secession 
newspaper editors. 

Our loss in killed, wounded and 
missing was small. The killing of 
the. gallant Colonel Boyle, of the 
11th Kentucky Cavalry was la- 
mented by the entire command. 
He was a splendid, brave, efficient 

The average marching of the 
cavalry, while on this raid was 
forty-two and one-half miles a 
day. The health of the command 
was excellent. This great victory 
was hailed with de.light throughout 
the north, for it completely set 
at defiance the prediction of the 
copperheads at home that the 
Rebel Army from Virginia and the 
Carolinas would soon be in Ten- 
nessee and Kentucky. The ad- 
vance of Breckinridge inspired the 
Rebel Government to believe that 
he would soon recover East Ten- 
nessee and Kentucky and to press 
many men into the Rebel Army, 
which they very much needed, but 
their disappointment must have 
been beyond conception, for all 
was lost to them. The success 
of the Union forces, while upon 
this raid, showed clearly that, if 

the, commanding General had the 
ability, backed up with a due 
amount of courage and bravery, 
he was equal to one- half of his 
command. General Burbridge had 
made a raid over the same 
grounds, or nearly so, some time 
before, and had met with failure. 
Others had attempted it also, but 
when General Stoneman took com- 
mand, it could be seen at once that 
he was superior to any who had 
made the effort to drive the. Rebels 
out of East Tennessee and S. W. 

After the work of the Union 
forces were accomplished, General 
Burbridge returned over the Cum- 
berland Mountains to Kentucky, 
General Gillem to East Tennessee, 
while General Stoneman returned 
to his command under General 

Foraging Expedition on the French 
Broad and Nolly Chuck Rivers. 

On the, return of the Saltville 
expedition in December, the 1st 
0. V. H. A., with the fourth Ten- 
nessee Infantry and Detachments 
of the Tenth Michigan Cavalry 
and F'irst United States Colored 
Artillery, as a Brigade under Col- 
onel C. G. Hawley, covered an ex- 
tensive foraging expedition on the 
French Broad and Chuck Rivers in 
East Tennessee and North Caro- 
lina, during the winter of 1864 and 
1865, occupying Dandridge,, Allen's 
Fords, Leadville, Rorex Planta- 
tion, Greenville and Newport. With 
constant detached fighting with 
Guerrillas of Vaughn's and De- 
brill's commands, a large amount 
of grain, beef and pork were ob- 
tained and floated down the river 
to Knoxville for the army at East 
Tennessee. Among other fights and 
expeditions, in which the 1st O. 
V. IT. A., participated, was the 
cleaning out of the Guerrillas of 




This is a war-time photograph of 
James S. Short, 

who made one of the best records 
in the Company as a soldier, who 
was never off duty and served his 
country with honor and fidelity. 
He lived in Fremont, Ohio, and 
enjoyed the confidence and respect 
of all his neighbors. 

East Te.nnessee. To our boys was 
given the credit of accomplishing 
that, at which other troops had 
made a failure. It was planned to 
have Lieutenant Colonel Keith 
take two hundred men and pro- 
ceed forthwith to take possession 
of the fords of the rivers in the 
night, prevent any escape and 
drive in the guerrila bands. Cap- 
tain Norman, the notorious bush- 
wacker leader, and his band, was 
caught in the trap, and he and 
ten of his men were killed. Upon 
arriving near the location of the 
Rebel bandits, it was decided to 
start about nine o'clock at night, 
which was done. Every man un- 
derstood that he had to march 
in breathless silence, for fear of 
alarming the enemy, we did not 
halt until three o'clock the next 
morning, when we rested in a 
ravine which crossed the trail 

of the guerrillas. We placed a 
detail of men at the top of the 
hill for picket duty, while tin? 
remainder of the detachment tried 
to rest with their guns by their 
sides, ready for business. It was 
fast becoming daylight, and, about 
sunrise, a shot was heard, being 
the signal of the pickets, should 
they discover the enemy. We lost 
no time in starting on a double 
quick for the top of the hill, 
Colonel Keith taking the lead. 
As Captain Norman heard the 
signal shot, he called out "Who 
are you?" or "How are you?", 
or words to that effect, when the 
sergeant, commanding the picket 
force of four men, answered back 
"We are Yankees, come on, there 
are only a few of us". At this, 
Captain Norman wheeled his men 
around in line of battle and ad- 
dressed them for a few moments, 
and asked them if they would 
follow him, if he charged the 
.Yankees. They all agreed to 
follow their leader to the death, 
and no quicker said than done. His 
one hundred and ninety-five guer- 
rillas started as fast as their 
horses could carry them, with 
their brave Captain in the 
lead. The clearing was wide and 
the men came two deep and 
abreast, and it was only a few 
moments before they were very 
near. By this time, our men had 
arrived at the top of the hill, 
and were lying down so as to avoid 
the Rebel bullets. When the 
Rebels reached the proper dis- 
tance, Colonel Keith ordered the 
front rank to fire. Every one 
of our two hundred were sea- 
soned soldiers and did not lack 
courage or coolness, the boys in 
the front had taken deliberate 
aim, and, out of that bunch of ban- 
dits, ten men and several horses fell 
dead at the first round. This 



created a panic among them and 
all not pierced with a Union bullet, 
wheeled and ran their horses to 
the rear through the woods, while 
the brave Captain Norman and one 
of his men. a large revolver in 
each of their hands, rode forward, 
as fast as their horses could carry 
them, directly for our front line, 
Norman fell within ten feet of 
our boys with five bullet holes 
through his body. Colonel Keith 
said that, for superb courage, Cap- 
tain Norman was entitled to the 
most profound admiration. He 
died very soon after falling in 
front of our line, but, before he 
passed away, raised his head and 
said, ''Where are my men, they 
all agreed to follow me". Those 
were the last words he spoke. 
Later on, the balance of Nor- 
man's men were captured, except 
a few who escaped and left East 
Tennessee for good. We well re- 
membered the splendid set of spurs 
Captain Norman wore. They were 
of remarkable size, he w r as as 
fine a specimen of manhood as we 
had ever seen. Many such inci- 
dents occurred with the First 
Regiment boys, but time and space 
is too limited to go further into 

Received the Surrender of 2,000 

Indians Who Were in the 

Confederate Army. 

Hundreds of Union prisoners, 
escaping from Salisbury and other 
Rebel prisons in the winter and 
spring, came into our lines as the 
Regiment held the country in 
Tennessee and it was heart- 
rending to see how emaciated they 
e, and only covered with rags. 
They all told the same; pitiful story 
of suffering and how they were 
piloted from station to station 
over the mountains by the loyal 
mountaineers. Many soldiers were 

killed by the guerrillas in attempt- 
ing to escape. George Dudly, from 
Cincinnati, escaping from Salis- 
bury, got within five miles of our 
camp and was shot by bushwack- 
ers in Cocke County, Tennessee. 
His comrades, who were with him, 
escaped. In the spring of 18'65, 
the 1st 0. V. H. A., Regiment 
was brigade.d with the Fourth ten- 
nessee Infantry, First United 
States Colored Artillery, First and 
Second North Carolina Infantry, 
Fortieth United States Colored In- 
fantry and Wilder's Independent 
Battery, as the First Brigade 
Division, Department of the Cum- 
berland, Colonel C. G. Hawley com- 
manding brigade. We were also 
assigned to the Fourth Army 
Corps. The brigade was about 
seven thousand strong. 

In connection with General 
Stoneman's raid and the general 
advance of troops, the brigade 
moved toward Virginia and North 
Carolina and occupied the mouth 
of Roan Creek and Taylorsville in 
East Tennessee up to the line of 
the Virginia Railroad. After the 
surrender of Lee and Johnston, 
the brigade was sent down to 
Ashville, North Carolina, and, at 
Webster, Tennessee, received the 
surrender of the hostile Indians, 
two thousand strong, under their 
Chief, the Rebel General Tfiomas. 
Returning to Greenville, the Regi- 
ment remained in camp till July 
15th. when it started homeward 
for the muster-out and was dis- 
charged and paid at Camp Denni- 
son, August 1, 1865. Formerly, 
we belonged to the Second Bri- 
gade, Fourth Division, Twenty- 
third Army Corps, but the plan 
was, at one time, to assign us to 
the Army of the Potomac, and, 
had the war not closed, we would 
have been in the Eastern Army, 
as the First Regiment Ohio Volun- 



(War time picture.) 
Alfred J. Bly and Edwin E. Jones. 

Comrade Bly was our first Orderly Sergeant, but was soon relieved 
of the office and discharged from the service for disability. 

Comrade Jones enlisted July 13, 1863, and was discharged July 
25, 1865. 

teer Heavy Artillery, First Bri- 
gade, Fourth Division, Fourth 
Army Corps. But fortune favored 
the boys of the First Heavy, and 
we did not go. 

An urgent appeal was made by 
the officers of our Regiment to 
have the Regiment sent to the 
Army of the Potomac, for Colonel 
Hawley, supported by the other 
officers of the Regiment, was ex- 
ceedingly anxious to be with the 
Eastern Army at the close cf the 

Vicious Copperheads in the North. 

During the war we had draft- 
riots, but not of great magnitude, 
except in New York City, where 
troops were returned from the 
front to quell them. 

The darkest days of the rebellion 
were the days preceding the Bat- 
tle of Gettysburg. Never before 
were the people of the North so 

filled with gloom and discourage- 

The copperhead leaders of the 
North, encouraged by secessionist 
agents, conceived the idea that 
now was their opportune time, 
to turn the tide of the patriotic 
people of the North and defeat the 
Government, stop the war and 
secure the independence of the 
Southern Confederacy. This was 
soon after the defeats at Freder- 
icksburg and Chancellorsville and 
the destruction of Milroy's Army 
at Winchester, while Generals 
Grant and Banks were at a stand- 
still on the Mississippi River and 
Rosecrans, unable to move from 
Murfreesboro. The loud-mouthed 
Rebels and their sympathizers, 
led by ex-President Franklin 
Pierce, took occasion at this time 
to inflame the public. Pierce led 
off with an inflammatory harangue 
at Concord, New Hampshire, and 
Governor Seymour sounded a wail 



over the terrible slaughter the 

Union Army was meeting with 
and Vallandingham devoted his 
time in making treasonable utter- 
ances in the west. He declared 
it was his intention to organize, 
a Rebel Army at once in the North 
ami march to Washington and 
hang the tyrant enthroned m the 
White House. 

The copperhead papers every- 
where tried to inflame the people 
against the Union and principally 
against the carrying out of the 
draft which had been ordered to 
begin July 13, 1863. 

The copperheads did not wait 
until the day arrived, but took 
time by the forelock by stirring 
up a mob in New York from the 
grog-shops, that committed untold 
atrocities. They killed all the ne- 
groes that they found on the 
streets, burned down a negro or- 
phan ayslum and destroyed the 
homes and business places of 
every loyal man who had, in any 
way become active in loyalty to 
our Union. 

In the vicinity of the drafting- 
stations, every store, no matter 
how costly, was pillaged and this 
continued for three davs over 
July i:>th, the date on which the 
drafting was to commence. The 
copperheads burned down a new 
grain elevator, costing one hun- 
dred thousand dollars. 

Troops were ordered back from 
the front and the authorities be- 
gan to get control of the situation. 
On the fourth day of the New 
York riot, the rioting was con- 
fined to murders by the criminal 
eh-ment. The soldiers, as fast as 
the.y arrived upon the scene, shot 
flown the raiders wherever they 
showed themselves. Order was 

con restored, but not until over 
a thousand lives were lost and ove.r 
two million dollars worth of pro- 

perty destroyed. There were 
other riots at the same time in 
Boston, Charlestown, Troy, and 

Copperhead meetings continued, 
however, denouncing the draft and 
calling upon Governor Seymour to 
have the war stopped. 

The Government had its troub- 
les in Ohio and throughout the 
middle west. 

Lincoln called for one million, 
five hundred thousand volunteers 
and, at the same, time, announced 
the date of the draft. After 
drafting began, one million, three 
hundred and thirty thousand vol- 
unteered and only about fifty 
thousand in the entire country 
were, drafted. 

The draft, inaugurated by our 
Government during the Civil War- 
time, was not a popular move for 
many of the men who were drafted 
could not be mustered into the 
United States service on account 
of ailments, etc. and then many 
were so immoral they were not fit 
for anything. 

In concluding this history of 
Company "M" it would be entirely 
in accord with the ideas of the 
members of the Company, were we 
to give them a few of our observa- 
tion, in reference to the sectional 
feeling which has prevailed among" 
the southern people since the close 
of the war, and still exists to a 
very noticeable degree. 

We have come to these conclus- 
ions, after having traveled 
throughout the southern States 
for many years, and particularly 
during the. past twelve years. 

Sectional feeling is most bitter 
among the Daughters of the Con- 
federacy, but the ex-Confederates, 
hissed on and encouraged by the 
bulldog tenacity of the Daughters, 
show that their hatred for the 



Yankees and the Flag is as strong 
as in the olden days of our trouble. 

Sectional Feeling Between the 
North and the South. 

In his recent address before the 
United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy in their convention at 
Washing-ton, D. C, President Taft 
expressed the hope, not the, belief, 
that sectional feeling between the 
North and South, growing out of 
slavery and the Civil War, would 
now be removed through a demo- 
cratic national administration. 
The people knew he did not be- 
lieve it when he made this state- 

The. conservatives felt that 
everybody North, as well as South, 
ought to hope that this adminis- 
tration would remove all animosity 
existing between the people of the 
two sections, for they have abso- 
lute control of National Legisla- 
tion, in all its branches, even to 
the President and Vice President. 
The President and four members 
of his Cabinet were southern born, 
and the Secretary of War's father 
served four years in the Rebel 
Army. They also have a majority 
of the Supreme Court and the 
Chief Justice. 

But it cannot be, and never will 
be,, while there is a person, who 
is now alive, still living. One 
hundred years more may obliterate 
sectional feeling. 

Who is responsible for this sit- 
uation? — Not the Yankees, for we 
ex-Union soldiers are doing, and 
have been doing, everything in our 
power to bring about a reconcilia- 

It is well to remember that the 
ex-Confederates of the South, 
through the influence of the Con- 
federate women, have done more 
to keep the feeling of sectionalism 
alive than all the ex-Union soldiers 

and patriotic people of the North 

I will give you herewith a sam- 
ple, and it is one of thousands, 
showing how that feeling is kept 
alive and handed down from one 
generation to another. 

During the past winter, at 
Austin, Texas, Governor Colquitt, 
in a speech before the State, Text- 
book Board, served notice on them 
that, before he would permit the 
withdrawal of Abraham Lincoln's 
picture from the school history 
about to be. adopted for the schools 
of that State, he would resign the 

The Governor's caustic action 
was absolutely necessary to pre- 
vent the Board from ordering Mr. 
Lincoln's picture removed from 
the book, as a condition before 
they would adopt it as a text-boo'c 
for the schools. 

The Confederate Veterans all 
over the State, raised a how' 
against the book because they said 
it reflected unon the south and 
members of the text-book board 
had declared that they would not 
vote for its adoption unless Lin- 
coln's picture was removed. 

The Southern Leaders Were Wrong 
and Their Cause Was Wrong. 

The Governor had the courage 
to declare that he wanted ''HIS- 
TORY", whether it favored North 
or South, and that only the truth 

He had more patriotic spirit and 
showed less feeling of sectionalism 
than his Board or thousands of 
others in the South. 

Mav the day of sectional feeling 
pass foreve.r is our wish and we, 
the People of the North, are trying 
to bring it about. But it is so 
deeply seated in the breasts of a 
large element of the South that 
after nearly fifty years, it breaks 



This is a war-time picture of 
Hubbard E. Dwelle 

and was presented to Company M 
in 1865. Comrade Dwellie exhib- 
ited the spirit of helping his fellow 
comrade. He performed his duty 
as a Union soldier with courage 
and determination, and was always 
ready to go into an engagement 
without flinching. Since the close 
of the war he has lived an honor- 
able and upright life. 

out occasionaly, as it has in Texas, 
against the adoption of a history 
that related impartially the events 
of the greatest Civil War the 
world's history has recorded. 

During the time the members 
of Company "M" were in the ser- 
vice of the United States, they 
were a busy lot of boys, never 
idle, but at all times anxious. We 
knew not at what moment we 
would be ordered into battle. How- 
ever, we were not joyless, al- 
though our lives have been pro- 
longed, for which we are grateful, 
that, we have endured so long and 
that it had abounded in opportuni- 
ties for good and in experience 
of the nobler impulses of human 

We have been spared to see 
the end of the strife that once 
existed between the North and 

And note the silent uprising and 
growth, during the latter years, of 
principles and influences that have, 
we believe, ever cemented in holy 
patriotic friendship the loyalty of 
our southern brothers, so that now 
we have only one Country and one 
Flag, and the recent reunion at 
Gettysburg has closed, it is hoped, 
all semblance of disloyalty to our 
Country and Flag. 

We know that each generation 
is destined to confront new and 
peculiar perils, which may, at 
times, create war, yet, we trust 
that we are progressive people, 
that the ills and woes and national 
disputes and differences of opinion 
shall be less crushing than those 
of the bloody and hateful past. 

The southern leaders were 
wrong and their cause was wrong. 
Slavery was wrong and they have 
suffered for their errors, so let 
us drop a te,ar for our southern 
brothers for they were the ones 
who suffered, and let us forgive 
and forget, and look calmly, yet 
humbly, for that close of our mor- 
tal career which cannot be. far dis- 
tant, and reverently thank God for 
the blessings vouchsafed to us in 
the past, and with an awe, that 
is not fear, and a consciousness 
of merit and reward, await the. 
opening before our steps of the 
Gates of the Eternal World. 

Listen to what Comrade Miller 
says: "Now that our love for 
each othej, and for our beloved 
Country may never wane, nor our 
hope to Eternal Reward never 
grow dim, let us be proud of our 
past, and firm in our adherence 
to the loyalty we, have acquired, 
for only yet a little while, and" 




"Under the sod and under the 

"Under the stars, in a field of 

"Under our Flag, of red and white, 

"Comes rest, sweet rest, in end- 
less light, 

"Our portion shall be, not under 
the rod, 

"But under the, love of our merci- 
ful God." 


Lieutenant H. C. Miller, "Then and 

By Lieut. H. C. Miller, 1st Regt., 
O. V. H. A. 

It is interesting to spend a mo- 
ment in consideration of War 
THEN and NOW. Our Civil War 
was a terrible one. Talk of "un- 
preparedne^s" — why we hadn t 
anything at the beginning. Our 
Navy and forts had all been seized 
by Floyd, the Rebel Secretary of 
W r ar, and our credit was gone — no 
faoney — nothing. But our peo- 
ple, are brave and resourceful, and 
a spark of war set us on fire, and 
the preparation for defense sprang 
up like magic, and the fight was 
on. True, it went against us in 
1861, 18'62 and part of 1863. but 
with Gettysburg and Vicksburg 
in 1863, the tide turned our way, 
and the change brought the, end 
nearer and nearer. 

With the tools we had to work 
with, and the food we had to live 
on, our resources were superior' 
to the South. But ours was bad 
e.nough. Our arms were old fash- 
ioned muskets, muzzle loaders, cap 
locks, paper cartridges. Our pay 
was meagre and not regular. Our 
rations were plain hard tack, 
fat pork, beans, coffee and brown 

sugar and salt. Very little trans- 
portation was furnished, and most 
of our moving was on foot. My 
first Re.giment (87th O. V. I.) 
captured at Harper's Ferry in 
1862, and paroled, disarmed, rode 
from Frederick Junction, Md. to 
Philadelphia, Baltimore, Pittsburg 
and on to Columbus, four days in 
dirty stock cars that had not even 
been cleaned out. That will do 
for a sample of transportation. 
The.n, as another, let me just re- 
mind you, of this Regiment, of our 
long march over the mountains 
from Kentucky to Tennessee, 200 
miles, in the cold and stormy win- 
ter of 1864, to Knoxville. Do you 
remember it? I do and shall nevej- 
forget it. 

And, for this service, you get 
from $13 to $16 per month — pay 
day semi-occasionally — (at the 
time of our discharge in the sum- 
mer of 1865 there was due me 
nine months' pay). But we made 
the best of it, for we knew our 
Government was doing its best. 

Why did you enlist? I have 
heard it said that it was for the 
money, and that the boys, young 
and wayward, did not realize what 
they were doing ; that it was a step 
under excitement. With all the 
power I can command, I want to 
register an emphatic denial to all 
such reasons for our enlistment. 

Money compensation was not 
even thought of. On the contrary, 
our Country was our supreme ob- 
ject. Our motto was like that af- 
terward expressed by Ge,n. Dix 
"If any man attempts to haul 
down the American flag, shoot him 
on the spot." The impulse of a 
loyal heart cannot be restrained. 
It must burn, and nothing can 
quench it. Home, school, friends, 
comfort, even life, must step aside 
to make way for love of Country. 
We were Americans, and so are 



Tli is is a picture of a group of members of Company M, in reunion 
fifty years after the war, at Attica, 0. 

Are you in it? If so, indicate it on the flyleaf of this pamphlet. 

Front row, from right to left: H. C. Miller, Chaplain; Nelson E. 
Prentice. Alvin M. Woolson, and others. 

the boys of today. Let any nation 
assail our flag, and it will be met 

in the same spirit. 

Army Discipline. 

In striking contrast with this, 
we may look at the radical changes 
in the. Spanish war of 1898, We 
find our young men responding 
to a call, as of old, but under en- 
tirely changed circumstances. 
Transported in comfortable cars, 
well clothed, and fed on fresh beef 
and soft bread and canned goods, 
with arms of modern pattern, with 
rapid file, breech loading, metal 
cartridges, and a new code? of drill 
and maneuver tactics and com- 
mands. Nov., in 1916, we find 
a still greater change;, and with 
great guns, rapid fire guns, a. 
system of trench fighting, with 

motor transportation for supplies, 
air ships for reconnoitering, wire- 
less telegraphy for communication, 
no fort is now impregnable, and 
men are killed by the wholesale, 
and the, destruction of life and 
property is unlimited. They fight 
on land and sea, and in the air, 
and under the sea, using poison 
gases and liquid fire. 

There are a few things in army 
service which are, and always 
have been, necessary, and which 
will never change. One, and very 
important, is discipline. Very lit- 
tle variation ever occurs in the 
rules to enforce it, for the basis 
of it is obedience, without which 
an army would be nothing more 
nor less than a mob. 

Another thing always necessary 
is time in marching — keeping 



step by which a body of men 
moves as one man, and without 
time, a regiment of men would 
make a sorry display. It often 
happened on the. march that men 
were given the command to route 
step — that is, every one goes as 
he, pleases observing to keep his 
place in line, and not straggle. 
The men of this regiment will 
never forget the occasion when 
we were approaching Greenville, 
Tenn. The men were tired, and 
trudging along most any old way, 
when suddenly the order came 
back to form in order of fours, 
and to the music in front, and 
guns at right shoulder shift, every 
man se.emed to take on a new 
vigor of pride and forget that he 
was tired, and with heads erect, 
and taking the step, moved thru 
the home town of Vice President 
Andrew Johnson like, a brigade o; 
regulars. I never felt a greater 
pride for my regiment than on 
that day, and manv were the 
praises that came from the citi- 
zens and other soldiers for that 
fine regiment of Ohio men. This 
illustrates the value of time and 

Now let me give you a sample 
of the other side of it: You will 
all recollect Kirk's 3rd N. C. Regi- 
ment, made up of poor refugees 
and Indians from the mountains 
of North Carolina; few of the 
men, and officers could read and 
write. At Bull's Gap a company 
of them which included untutored 
and uncivilized Indians from North 
Carolina cammed close to our 
men. One night I heard Captain 
Edwards going along the line com- 
manding his men to put lights out, 
for it was after taps ; but the men 
did not obey, but instead were 
playing cards and otherwise vio- 
lating rules. His orde.r was ig- 
nored, and frequently there came 

back to him a counter order to go 

to hell. The Captain passed these 
curses by, for he was used to it, 
and in fact did not know any bel- 
ter than to consider that that was 
the way of the army. 

That illustrates lack of discip- 
line. That was Kirk's regiment, 
not ours. 

Those Indians would not drill 
nor would they stand to fight ii 
line, but, at the first sign of 
trouble, every man, with a whoop, 
sprang for a cover of a tree or a 
log, and from such a cover they 
would load and fire at everything 
in sight, friend or foe. They were 
utterly unfit for American soldiers, 
irgnorant, and not susceptible of 
discipline., and were stubborn, and 
knew no such thing as obedience. 
Their only rule was a native in- 
stinct that we might call "every 
fellow for himself — devil take the 
kind most". 

In War not every man must be 
killed, but any may be. Every man 
in battle is exposed to it, and 
realizes it, but does not shrink 
from it, if he is a man of true, 
metal and loves his cause. A 
coward may cringe and dodge, but 
the brave man will not flinch even 
though he expects the next volley 
will ge.t him in its destruction. 

It is interesting to us to read 
the new words which have come 
into use in the armies of today, 
such as hike, rush, wedge, drive, 
areoplane, ze.ppelin, submarine, 
torpedo, mines, battleships, dread- 
naught, etc. They sound strange 
and curious to the men of 1861-5. 
But maybe some of our words 
sound like back numbers to the 
soldiers of today. We must get 
used to them, for "the world do- 
move", and we must move with 
it or get left. 



First Lieutenant Nelson E. Pren- 
tice (iives His Experience. 

First Lieutenant, Nelson E. 
Prentice, says: — That according 
to his recollection it was about the 
15th. July. L863, that we left 
Sandusky Tor Covington, Ivy, and 
arrived there the same evening, 
going into camp in quarters that 
had been previously occupied by 
troops who had left the ground 
literally covered with gray-backs, 
which was our first introduction to 
a soldier's life. 

We drew rations the following 
morning and cooked and ate 
soldier fashion. Two large Sibly 
Belle Tents with several smaller- 
ones were issued to the company 
and we were directed to a hilly 
pasture ground, to pitch our tents 
and make, ourselves comfortable. 

This Fort was named F'ort 
McLean, and located about two 
miles in the rear of Covington. 
We drew rations; picked black 
berries and made ourselves at 
home until the seventh of Au- 
gust, when the Company was 
mustered in to the United States 
Service, and we could "draw no 
more rations for the ten or twelve, 
young boys whom we had enlisted 
in Sandusky, for Captain Stan- 
hope, mustering officer refused 
them on account of their size, and 

By the, request of Henry J. Bly, 
Captain of Company "M," Colonel 
Ifawley detailed me to return to 
Sandusky to recruit our company 
up to its requirements, caused by 
the Mustering Officer rejecting the 
ten or twelve, which left our com- 
pany incomplete. 

After securing transportation 
for myself I was ready to start 
upon my journey, but what could 
J do with the rejected boys who 

wanted to return to their homes in 

I instructed the boys to board 
the train at the same time I did 
and we would see what could be 
done. To be sure I had no knowl- 
edge how it could be managed, 
but when the conductor came 
along I handed my order to him 
and gave him my transportation 
and told him just the predicament 
the boys w r ere in, that the mus- 
tering officer had rejected them 
and they were desirous of re- 
turning to their homes, that 
they had enlisted in good faith, be- 
lieving they would pass muster, 
but having failed and money 
gone, they simply had to be taken 

I used all my persuasive powers 
to have the conductor pass them, 
but he had no authority, he re- 
plied, and when he found the boys 
would put up a fight before they 
would be put off the train, he con- 
cluded to forget the boys and al- 
lowed them to ride in peace to 
Springfield where we changed 
cars also conductors. 

We suspected another scrap 
with the new conductor, but he 
was a Sandusky man and when 
I told him the circumstances how 
the boys happened to be there and 
without money he gladly passed 
them along, which was the cause 
of great rejoicing. 

While in Sandusky I recruited 
William and James Henson. Lee, 
Carney, Jupp, Henderson, Lafer, 
Olmstead, Stimpson and Marsh 
and brought them to the company 
which had been moved to Fort 
Whittlesey in my absence. 

It would be interesting for you 
to record some of the many inci- 
dents that occurred at Fort Whit- 
tlesey, such as e,ating in the ravine 
on long tables, presided over by 


Gregory and Epp, and that I was 
left in command of the Fort, with 
only a few guards, while the other 
officers and nearly all of the men 
of the company were ordered to 
Covington to drill in cannon prac- 
tice, and the visit of many of our 
loved ones who had come to visit 
us before taking our departure for 
the seat of war. 

Lieutenant Nelson E. Prentice on 
Detached Duty. 

On the 10th of December, Major 
Coldwell, of our regiment, was de- 
tailed to take command of Lytle 
Barracks in Cincinnati. 

He took with him Captain Mor- 
gan, Lieutenant Hutsinpiller, Lieu- 
tenant Walters and myself and 
sixty-five enlisted men. 

Captain C. Kemper, a regular 
army officer, was in command of 
the city. 

Our duty consisted in guarding 
a few piaces, which contained de- 
serters from our army, including 
jumpers and recruits, that we 
were detailed to take many of prisoners in small squads to 
different prisons, including many 
to Johnson's Island. 

While performing this duty Ma- 
jor Coldwell detailed me with 
eighteen men to take fifty Con- 
federates (prisoners), from Mc- 
Lean Barracks, Cincinnati, to 
Johnson's Island. 

We left Cincinnati on tue eve- 
ning of December 23, 1863, and ar- 
rived at Sandusky in the evening 
of December 24th, via Columbus, 
Ohio, and took our prisoners over 
Sandusky Bay, on the. ice to John- 
son's Island, arriving there at 
noon, delivered our prisoners to 
the prison keeper and returned to 
Sandusk^ when we all resolved to 
spend Chirstmas at our homes 
and meet in Sandusky, December 

2(>th, in time to take the morning 
train for Cincinnati. 

All my soldiers reported on 
time and we were off for Cincin- 
nati early, but some reluc- 
tance for fear our absence for one 
day would be noticed. 

Before leaving Cincinnati I re- 
ported to Major Coldwell that upon 
our arrival at Sandusky we were 
within a fe.w miles of our homes 
and firesides, and we would like 
to have the privilege of visiting 
our families over Christmas, just 
one day. 

Major Coldwell replied that he 
had no authority to give us per- 
mission to stop over. "You see 
your orders are to deliver the 
prisoners to the proper authori- 
ties on Johnson's Island, and im- 
mediately return to your post of 
duty, but if I were you and being 
so near mv home at Christmas 
time I would stop over a day, but 
you have vour orders and I have 
no authority to change them." 

That was excuse enough for us 
to take "French leave" just one 
day, which we did and arrived at 
our homes Christmas morning, 
and gave our loved ones a happy 

Horace Martin's wife was very 
sick and he wanted to sta^ r one 
more day with her. I could not 
refuse him for it was very doubt- 
ful whether he w 7 ould ever' see her 
again and upon our arrival at 
Sandusky I reported him present 
for duty, for I knew Private Mar- 
tin was an honorable man and 
w r ould report to me the following 
morning, which he did, only to 
be advised of his wife's death a 
couple days thereafter. 

January 6, 1864, I received or- 
ders from headquarters to assume 
command of McLean Barracks, 
Cincinnati, Ohio, a Federal Prison, 
where the, very worst prisoners 



Wilscn C. Patterson 

was a brave and daring soldiei. 
Personally he was one of the gen- 
tlest and most genial and compan- 
ionable of men. No matter how 
desperately the battle raged, he 
never faltered. All through his life 
he bore the imprint of a pure Chris- 
tian character. The latter part of 
his useful life he was President of 
the largest National bank in Los 
Angeles, Cal. 

were placed and kept, who were 
charged with murder, bushwhack- 
ing etc., and sent to Johnson's 
Island and shot. 

While I was in charge of Mc- 
Lean Barracks, Major Coldwell, 
commander of Lytle, Barracks, was 
ai rested, charged with defraud- 
ing the, Government of the United 

It was found that he was asso- 
ciated secretly with one Mr. Lang- 
ambean, a citizen of Cincinnati, an 
"innkeeper," where Major Cold- 
well subsisted his recruits. 

Langambean had already been 
placed under arrest in McLean 
Barracks before the command of 
these barracks Had been assigned 

to rri'\ 

I gave Major Coldwell all the 

liberty to go and come and re- 
port that I could and he never de- 
ceived me or abused my confidence 
in him. 

He later on had his trial and 
was found guilty and sentenced to 
fine and imprisonment, President 
Lincoln commuting his prison sen- 

I was relieved from duty there 
about May 16, 1864, and ordered 
to join the company then at Lou- 
den, Tennessee, which was guard- 
ing the long bridge over the Ten- 
nessee River. 

As soon as I arrived at Loudon, 
May 31, 1864, I was placed in 
command of Company "M," re- 
lieving Lieutenant Philander S. 
Abbott, who was detailed at bri- 
gade headquarters, under com- 
mand of Colonel Ben P. Runkle. 

Tt was here while going to a 
guard station on an island in the 
Tennessee. River, near the rail- 
road bridge, in a canoe, that Com- 
rade Leslie E. Sparks lost his life 
by drowning. 

We buried him with military 
honors on top of a beautiful hill 
overlooking the village of Louden 
and the Tennessee River. 

His remains have since been dis- 
interred and buried in the Na- 
tional Cemetery at Chattanooga. 

Narrow Escape of Private John R. 

While here, we received a report 
that there was some rebel cavalry 
in the vicinity of the Village of 
Sweetwater, Tennessee, not over 
a dozen miles away, which "riled 
the ire" of Colonel Runkle, and 
he had a platoon of Company "M" 
mounted and ordered to watch 
their movements. 

In a skirmish with the enemy 
Comrade John R. Jewett, who now 
is a prominent merchant at Tif- 
fin, Ohio, owing to having a slow 


This is a soldier picture of 

John R. Jewett, 

who served in the Union army, 
1862-1865. At an engagement in 
East Tennessee he was thrown 
from his horse into the thick un- 
derbrush, where he laid until the 
rebel cavalry charged by, when 
[jjohnny, by crawling on his hands 
and knees for a few miles, escaped 

Iand came into camp at midnight. 
He had been given up as lost. Ev- 
erybody loved Comrade Jewitt and 
his noble qualities will long remain 
enshrined in the hearts of every 
one whose good fortune it was to 
know him. 

horse, became separated from his 
command and was chased by the and in his strenuous efforts 
to escape, his horse being on a 
dead run, decided to pass through 
a bunch of woods, and in doing 
so the horse went on one side of 
a tree while tried to go on 
the other, with the result that he 
fell from the horse. 

Being unhurt, he ran to some 
thick underbrush while his horse, 
did his best to escape, and when 
the enemy came up they believed 
Jewett was still on the horse, lean- 
ing forward to escape the flying 

bullets, and they kept on after tin* 
riderless horse, while Comrade escaped in the thick woods 
and underbrush. 

The other members of tiie pla- 
toon returned and made their re- 
port at headquarters and we 
mourned our comrade as lost, un- 
til in six or e.ight hours he arrived, 
nearly exhausted, minus his gun 
and other acoutrements. 

It was in the closing days of 
August, 1864, that the Rebel Gen- 
eral Wheeler made a raid on tht: 
railroad in or near Charleston and 
tore up the track to Sweetwater, 
within five miles of Louden. 

General Jacob Ammon came 
down from Knoxville, on the cars 
with what troops could be spared 
from there and routed us from 
our slumber, formed the whole 
battalion into line and told us that 
General Wheeler was to be in 
camp that night at Sweetwater, 
Te.nn, and we were to march in 
our lightest outfit to his camp and 
attack and capture his army and 
it must be in the dead hour of 

Confederate General Wheeler's 

General Ammon lost no time in 
hustling his army from the cars 
and formed us as quickly as pos- 
sible in battle array, and after 
sending out skirmishers towards 
Sweetwate t r we had marched but 
a shore distance when we met 
the skirmishers with the informa- 
tion that the wily old Wheeler 
had taken his departure for parts 
unknown, and we. feared that he 
had in mind a plan to capture 
our army. We hurried back to 
Sweetwater, placed pickets on all 
the roads which might be used by 
Wheeler to give us a surprise, but 
he must have learned that we 



wore in line o( battle, for he de- 
cided to go elsewhere. 

Two days thereafter, August 
19th, Company ,4 M" was ordered 
to Knoxville. with forty rounds of 
ammunition and live days' rations, 
including blankets and ponchos. 
We arrived at the beginning of 
night in the rain. 

The rain and wind was from 
the east and it came in torrents, 
but we selected dry spots on the 
we,st side of the Station Building 
and by curling up our legs man- 
aged to keep dry and warm. 

General Amnion concluded that 
General YYheele.r had left us as 
suddenly as he appeared, so next 
day lie sent us back to our quar- 
ters at Loudon. 

September loth Cantain H. J. 
Bly, commanding the Convalescent 
CamD at Knoxville, was relieved 
of his command and immediately 
returned to Loudon and relieved 
me of the command of the com- 
panv, September 19, 1864. and he 
continued in command of the com- 
panv until we were mustered out 
of the United States Army. 

We took our departure from 
London about the middle of Octo- 
ber and went to Charleston, Ten- 
nessee, where we remained only 
two or three days. 

At this time I was appointed 
Provost Marshal and located in 
Charleston, but did not remain 
here, long enough to get the busi- 
ness in running order before our 
company was ordered to Chick- 
amauga Junction, to take care of 
three block houses. No. one (1). 
situated ;it the i unction of 
the Dalton and Atlanta Railroad, 
with the Chattanooga and Knox- 
ville Railway at the south end of 
the tunnel, which was commanded 
by Captain H. ,T. Bly, with fif- 
teen members of Company "M." 

Block House Xo. two (2), was 

one-third of a mile south of No. 
1 at the railroad bridge, where 
the, railroad crosses Chickamauga 

I had command of it and Lieu- 
tenant Miller had command of 
Block House No. 3, situated 2 T /2 
miles south of No. two (2). 

Note by A. M. Woolson: 

The following gives a descrip- 
tion of how the Block Llouses 
were erected: "First, they were 
as a rule thirty feet square, made 
of logs dovetailed together at the 
corners and were, ten to twelve 
feet in height. 

"The logs were hewed perfectly 
square, and smooth on the out- 
side, and were laid same, as when 
being used in building a log house, 
although they were mostly upright 
or on end with the upper end cut 
to a sharp point. 

"The outside was backed up with 
earth close, to the port holes, with 
a double door at one corner. Gen- 
erally a ditch was dug around the 
block house and filled with water, 
but in the case of these block 
houses, the earth from the, in- 
side was used to build a bank in- 
side next to the log wall and to a 
height of three feet, or more, so 
that by standing upon this bank, a 
soldier could see out of the. port 
holes and fire at the enemv when 
in sight, then after firing his load 
could step down in the excavation 
and reload in safety." 

Our duties there were very 
light and we had a good time fish- 
ing in Chickamauga Creek, while 
not guarding the railroad bridges. 
The boys built a dam across the 
creek with a trap, in the center of 
the dam where the, fish that were 
going down stream would flop 
over the slats into a box. 

We caught the most beautiful 
speckled mountain trout and sup- 
plied everybody with fish. 



We left Chickamauga Junction 
November 25th and went into 
camp at Knoxville, about one mile 
northeast of the city, in a nice 
grove on a hill, and much to our 
delight Major Lupton, paymaster, 
said, as he handed the boys their 
pay, that he loved to pay the sol- 

Narrative of Lieutenant Prentice, 

I was detailed to take the mules 
and wagons back to Chattanooga, 
and did so, getting a receipt from 
the Quartermaster and returned 
to Knoxville the next day. 

While at Knoxville, Lieutenant 
B. G. Miller resigned from the 
service and First Sergeant James 
G. Fish was appointed Second 
Lieutenant to fill the vacancy. 
No appointment could have been 
made that would have pleased the 
soldiers better, for Lieutenant 
Fish was liked by every one. 

After remaining in camp at 
Knoxville two weeks we were or- 
dered to Strawberry Plains and 
occupied an old camp where the 
Rebels left the, ground covered 
with those things which always 
made life miserable for the Yank- 

We were soon covered with 
them, as the. hunter said, "What 
he killed he left in the woods but 
what he did not, he brought 

There was a controversy arose 
between Surgeon Firestone and 
Assistant Surgeon Laferty, and 
they were hardly on speaking 
terms for a few days. 

The. trouble between them was in 
regard to the sickness prevail- 
ing among the soldiers. 

We did not tarry here long for 
in a few days we took up our line 
of march for Bulls Gap. 

Several of our boys were sick 

at Loudon. Among them were 
Minor Powell, Thomas German 
and Stillman Nichols. They were 
sent by the Surgeon to the Hos- 
pital at Knoxville, where they all 

After losing those precious 
boys we did not send any others 
to the Knoxville Hospital, for 
when they were taken sick we 
nursed them in camp until they 
recovered. The death of thosQ 
three members of Company "M" 
prejudiced us against all hospitals. 

I contracted the camp trouble 
at Loudon, but kept on duty un- 
til Captain Bly, knowing my con- 
dition and how weak I was, took 
my trick as Officer of the Day and 
I remained in camp. This was 
the only time while in the Army 
that I was off duty on account of 

There was very little sickness 
after we left Loudon and after 
we, took our departure those sick 
immediately recovered. 

The first day's march from 
Strawberry Plains, being nine or 
ten miles, showed conclusively 
that Loudon was a poor place for 
the soldiers, but an important one. 
This was a hard day's march, for 
we were very tired when we went 
into camp. 

I was detailed as officer of the 
rear guard that night, but being 
so nearly exhausted, I detailed 
Corporal Cowell as night watch, 
which kept him awake the entire 
night. The following day it rained 
all the forenoon, leaving our 
clothes wet and heavy, but no one 
complained for they well knew it 
was one of the trials of a soldiers' 

In the afternoon the weather 
turned cold, and as a variation a 
snow storm relieved the mo- 
notony, besides our clothing felt 
more uncomfortable as the freez-. 



Alexander McKittrick 

was a live, up-to-date soldier of ex- 
alted character, brave and cour- 
ageous, a friend and comrade to all 
his associates. He never shirked 
his duty; always a splendid, gentle- 
manly soldier. What more can be 
said of a Union soldier who was 
only 20 when he enlisted for three 
years or during the war? 

ing weather did not help to dry 
our wearing apparel. 

We were ordered into camp on 
the west side of a wooded hill. 
The wind piercing the side of the 
hill which made it almost unbear- 

Lieutenant James G. Fish and I 
were bunking together. The next 
mom ing T felt better. This was 
about the middle of December, 

General Stoneman's Cavalry 
command overtook and passed us 
at Beans Station, which is a gap 
or pass in the mountain range. 

About January 3, 1865, Colonel 
Shannon of the Fourth Tennessee 
Infantry with Companies E and T 
and Company M of the First Ohio 
Volunteer Heavy Artillery and the 
two companies of the First United 

States Colored Heavy Artillery and 
ten men of the Tenth Michigan 
Cavalry with a detachment of the 
Fourth Tennessee Infantry, 
marched to Severeville, remaining 
there until the 6th of January, 
lcS65, and from there to Larue's 
Mills January 16th. 

I was detailed January 11th by 
Captain Murphy, of Company E, 
at Dutch Bottoms to take fifteen 
men for a guard and one, team 
to go across the country to Bri- 
gade Headquarters at Dandridge 
for rations and return January 
15th, at which time our company 
was ordered on to Irish Bottoms, 
a wide strip of fertile bottom land 
on the French Broad River, about 
forty or fifty miles above Knox- 
ville, formerly owned by a Mr. 
Franklin, who died in 1861. 

Captain Bly was ordered to 
take command of the foraging 
teams, consisting of twenty teams 
of six mules each, driven by col- 
ored soldiers. 

Lieutenant James G. Fish was 
detailed to take a detachment of 
Company M to the other side of 
the river to bale hay that was 
foraged in that vicinity. 

Captain Bly was taken quite 
sick here and I was ordered to re- 
lieve him of his command as far 
as the forage teams were con- 

We had with us a colored man, 
who at one time was an overseer 
of a large negro plantation, and 
we detailed him to take the best 
care of Captain Bly, and he soon 
nursed him back to good health. 

We, were glad indeed to see the 
captain again in camp. This was 
about February 28th, which date 
I received orders to move our 
camp, teams and wagons across 
the French Broad River to Lead- 



Our command went into camp 
lone-half mile back lVom the, river. 

While the Captain was ill I 
went with the forage train into 
the country to get corn. We found 
a supply in a corn crib but more 
in the field, and soon loaded our 
(wagons from both crib and field. 

People do not husk their corn 
in Tennessee like the Yankees du 
in the North, but instead they 
pick the ear off the stalk, husk and 

While loading the. wagons from 
the crib, which stood near the 
Ihouse, a dog that belonged to 
lone of the teams began scratch- 
ing and barking at the kicking 
plank in the stable behind the 

Our suspicion was aroused and 
(after prying off a plank or two, 
ilo ! and behold ! the smoked bacon, 
hams and shoulders in abundance. 

We were glad the natives hid it 
[there to keep it away from the 
[Union soldiers, who will remember 
them to this day with thanks and 
kindness for if there were any 
kind of forage the boys liked it 
kvas the razorback side meat pro- 
perly cured. 

The forage we gathered we 
stored on the banks of the river 
awaiting the arrival of the tugs 
and flat boats. When there was 
a rise in the river the boat loads 
were sent down to Knoxville to be 
used by the Union soldiers. 

We received orders from the 
commanding officer to march from 
Leadvale on the, 16th day of 
March, 1865, and to proceed forth- 
with to Mossy Creek through rain 
and mi>i nearly ankle deep. 

Company L took up their line 
of march on the 14th to guard 
the wagon train back to brigade 

From Mossy Creek we marched 
to Bulls Gap and from there to 

Blue Springs and on to Jonesbo- 
rough, Tenn., arriving on the 31st 

of March, 1865. 

Our Brigade was now all to- 
gether again and consisted of the 
First Ohio Heavy Artillery, the 
First United States Colored 
Heavy Artillery, the Fourth Ten- 
nessee Infantry, the Tenth Mich- 
igan Cavalry and two hundred 
soldiers of the North Carolina 
Mounted Infantry, the Brigade 
being in command of Colonei 
Chauncey G. Hawley. 

April 1, 1865, we marched to 
Wautauga Gap, or what is some- 
times called "Mouth of Roane 

Forage was very scarce along 
this mountain road and the Quar- 
termaster was obliged to issue 
corn in the ear to our men and 

We parched the corn the best 
we could, carrying it in our hav- 
ersacks and as we marched along 
through the valley, we would take 
out a handful of parched field corn 
and chew it, but when we came to 
swallow this new diet we found 
plenty of trouble. 

In reply to many complaints 
the officers tried to make the boys 
believe that the grandeur of the 
beautiful mountains was an offset 
to the scarcity of rations. 

This kind of argument did not 
satisfy the boys, who were free 
to speak in no unmeaning terms 
that it did not entirely satisfy 
their hunger. 

As soon as we arrived at Wau- 
tauga Gap we immediately com- 
menced the erection of a fort on 
the top of a hill which commanded 
a fine unobstructed view of the 

It was believed by the govern- 
ment authorities that instead of 
surrendering that General Lee with 



Isaac Lepard 

had not an enemy in Company M. 
Every one of his comrades loved 
him dearly, not only for his brav- 
ely and goodness of character, but 
his military courtesy. He was en- 
deared to our memories as one of 
the most fatherly and kind mem- 
bers of the Company. 

his army, together with other 
Rebel Generals with their armies, 
would decide as a last resort to 
undertake to march their armies 
through Tennessee into Ken- 
tucky and the North, where they 
would be assisted by the Copper- 
heads, and in that way could 
prolong the war in hopes thai 
some foreign country would rec- 
ognize the. Southern Confederacy, 
but Genera] U. S. Giant had con- 
sidered this probable move on the 
Rebel's part and well kne.w that 
the First Ohio Volunteer Heavy 
Artillery could fortify a pass in 
the, mountains that no army could 
ever capture. 

We had these fortifications un- 
der way when news was received 
that Lee had surrenderded with 
his entire army. 

I'p in the air went our shovels, 

picks, caps and anything we could 
find within our reach. 

Such rejoicing we had never 
before witnessed. 

While we ceased work we, kept 
up our battalion exercise every af- 
ternoon. We could hardly believe 
such good news as that of Lee 
surrendering, but it was soon con- 

On the morning of April 15th 
Captain J. S. Preble of Company 
L and myself, with twenty-two 
men and twenty-two six-mule 
teams and wagons, were ordered to 
march to the rear to meet the sup- 
ply train and hurry it forward to 
feed the hungry command. 

We met the train the second 
day out and returned to camp 
as quickly as possible, which was 
appreciated by the men who had 
been on short rations for several 

At one place in the, Wautauga 
Mountains there is a fish spring, 
where the fish (the most delicious 
you ever saw), would boil up in a 
regular stream. You could see 
them boiling up four or five feet 
high and as they came down, 
swam off in different directions 
into the river. 

The boys soon formed a fish bag 
and by placing it on the end of a 
long pole had no trouble in land- 
ing all the brigade could eat. The 
army halted here several hours 
until every soldier could get his 
fill in fish. 

It was decided by the noted 
and educated fisherman in our 
command that these fish came up 
through a subterranean passage 
under the mountain. 

To explain to you the remark- 
able ingenuity of the members of 
Company M, I will state that an 
officer of one of the neighboring 
companies purchased a smoked 


(1 ham at the sutler's tent and cau- 

I tioned his little darkey boy to 

<l be sure and take good care of it 

and not let any one get it. 
I When bed time came, the little 
. | darkey, in order to keep the ham 
j in a safe place, laid it down in 
j his bed in the tent and covered 
it over with a soldier blanket, 
I and then crawled under the blan- 
, ; ket himself. 

Occasionally throughout the 
night the darkey put out his hand 
and felt the ham and knew it was 

The next morning he, could feel 
the ham with his hand and pro- 
ceeded to get breakfast for the of- 
ficers' mess. 

He had planned to fry the ham 
in the Southern style. He could 
smejl ham being fried by others 
w T ho were neighbors, and when 
he was ready to fry his ham, he 
crept around under the tent, but 
when he raised the blanket he 
found much to his amaze.ment 
that the ham had turned into 
stone, a nigger head stone at that. 
If Corporal Edwin C. Cowell 
were with us upon this occasion 
he could solve the mystery. 

On or about April 1, 1865, the 
three-year men's time had ex- 
pired and Lieutenant Colonel 
Keith, myself and Sergeant Ma 
lor Woolson were detailed to take 
the 491 men to Knoxvilie and 
make out their final payroll and 
then take them on to Nashville, 
where they were paid by the pay- 
master of the army, but did not 
receive their discharge papers un- 
til they arrived at Camp Dennison, 
near Cincinnati. 

After turning over their guns 
and Accoutrements, camp and 
garrison equipage, about the 29th 
of June, 1865, we then returned 
to our regiment at Greenville. 

April 19th our command began 
marching back to Greenville, Ten- 
nessee, to be mustered out of the 
United States Army. 

July 4, 1 S()5, was well and fit- 
tingly celebrated at Gre.enville by 
the First Ohio Volunteer Heavy 
Artillery by making a grand dis- 
play and military parade, besides 
participating in a grand review. 

August 25, 1865, at Knoxvilie, 
Tennessee, the remainder of the 
enlisted men in our regiment 
were mustered out of the United 
States Army and were paid in full 
by the. paymaster and given 
transportation to our homes, but 
we did not receive our discharge- 
papers until we reached Camp 

F'irst Lieutenant Company M, 

First V. H. A. 


Letter from First Lieut. James H. 
Ainslie, Company M, First Regi- 
ment Ohio Volunteer Heavy Ar- 
tillery, Who Was Stationed at 
Johnson's Island the Greater 
Part of the Civil War. 

Before commencing the letter I 
wish to give you a little sketch 
of Johnson's Island. 

Three miles north of Sandusky, 
in her land-locked bay, lies John- 
son's Island. Its area is about 
three hundred acres ; nearly a mile 
long and half mile in breadth, 
gradually rising in the center to 
a height of fifty feet. It was 
originally covered with heavy tim- 
ber, and a favorite resort of the. 
Indians, who came here in the 
fishing season, engaged in festivi- 
ties and brought their captives 
for torture. 



Marlyn Sweetland, 

a boy of 18 when he enlisted in the 
Union army, to save his country 
from destruction. Marlyn made a 
fearless and valiant soldier, always 
ready to perform his duty, no mat- 
ter how dangerous. He enjoyed an 
exalted character and was a pure 
patriot and a sagacious young 

Its first owner was E. W. Bull, 
and it was called Bull's Island un- 
til 1852, when it was purchased 
by L. B. Johnson and its name 
changed to Johnson's Island. 

In 1811 an effort was made to 
found a town on the island, and 
steps taken to lay out village lots. 
The customhouse of the port of 
Sandusky was located here, but 
the attempt was unsuccessful and 

In 1861 the property was leased 
by the Government of the United 
States for a number of years, as 
;i depot foe Rebel prisoners. The 
necessary buildings having been 
:ted, the fust prisoners were 
installed in their quarters in 
April, L862. 

The number of prisoners were 
con t ; , varying, the largest 
number at any one time being 

over three thousand; but from 
the period of its establishment un- 
til the close of the war over 15,- 
000 rebels were confined here,. At- 
tempts were made at various 
times to liberate the prisoners, 
but their efforts proved in vain. 

This letter, dated October 26, 
1911, Dorsey, Georgia, addressed 
to Alvin M. Woolson, Sergeant 
^Iajor of the Regiment, is as fol- 
lows : 
"Deai* Comrade: 

"In the. year 1863 I was sta- 
tioned on Johnson's Island as 
First Lieutenant of a Light Ar- 
tillery Battery, to prevent any 
boat loaded with Rebel soldiers 
from coming into the bay to lib- 
erate the prisoners located in the 
prison pen on the island. 

"Major Pearson w f as the com- 
mander of the prison, and he of- 
ten gave permission for the pris- 
oners to go in bathing. 

"Our rule.s w r ere not to allow 
over four or five hundred to go 
in swimming at anv one time, for 
fear that they might take advan- 
tage of the clemency shown them 
and undertake to escape. 

"The t re w T ere at this time about 
two thousand prisoners of war in 
the pen, all Confederate officers, 
so you can see that we had under 
our charge the very finest of the 
young men of the. South. 

"There were a good many ex- 
pert swimmers among the pris- 
oners, and upon one occasion one 
of the prisoners, after sniffing the 
air of freedom, made up his mind 
to make his escape by swimming 
over to Cedar Point or if necessary 
to swim across Lake Erie, so de- 
determined was he to secure his lib- 

"He. was signaled by the guard 
to come in, but paid no attention 
to the command, and continued to 
swim farther away. 



The waters of* the bay were very 
rough, which made the waves so 
that we had trouble in keeping 
wateh of him, besides he swam 
with his head low, and it began 
to appear at one time that he 
might escape. 

"The excitement in watching 
him became intense, for every- 
body expected to see the Battery 
Boys fire a charge, of grape or 
canister at him. 

'The Yankees were more hu- 
mane than to fire on a defense- 
less prisoner, unarmed, and espe- 
cially when considering the fact 
that he was making such a unique 
effort to gain his liberty. 

'The entire force on the island 
now became, deeply interested and 
many were the wishes that this 
Confederate prisoner might es- 
cape, but no such good luck was 
in store for him, for we signaled 
to Cedar Point Light House to 
look out for the swimmer, and 
soon a boat with two armed men 
was seen to head the prisoner 

'They overtook him only a short 
distance from the Light House 
and placed him in the boat in a 
perfectly nude, condition. 

"He was asked what he would 
do without clothing when he 
reached shore. He reulied that 
he intended to strip the clothes 
of the first man he met. 

"Special orders were issued by 
the Commander of the Prison 
that another effort would draw a 
fe,w shots of grape and canister. 
A second attempt was never made. 

"At Andersonville Prison Pen. 
where the Rebels starved and 
killed over fourteen thousand 
Union prisoners, it is firmly es- 
tablished that not in one instance 
w r as such leniency shown to our 
men as was shown to this young 

Rebel officer, swimming for deal 

"At another time a bright 
young Confederate officer re- 
solved that he would obtain his 
liberty by stealing a Union offi- 
cer's suit of clothing, which he 
did and impersonated a Union offi- 
cer in his strenuous efforts to es- 
cape on the ice in Sandusky Bay. 

"It was a great mystery just 
how the Confederate officer did 
secure a suit of blue with brass 
buttons and gold braid which es- 
tablished his rank as a Union of- 
ficer, and otherwise rigged him- 
self out in fine shape, personating 
such officer remarkably well. He 
walked out of the prison gate 
without attracting any particular 

"I was well acquainted with all 
the Union officers on Johnson's Is- 
land but could not recognize him, 
although I saw him plainly and 
scrutinized him carefully, while 
he walked leisurely along through 
the streets of the Officers' Quar- 
ters and passed within a few feet 
of me and I inquired who the of- 
ficer could be, but no one knew 
him, and he was permitted to pro- 

"In going out of the prison 
he passed several Union officers 
and soldiers but no one seemed to 
have noticed him, but by his ac- 
tions I suspicioned that he. was 
one of our prisoners and 1 deter- 
mined to watch him carefully. 

"I felt quite positive that if he 
attempted to cross the ice on San- 
dusky Bay that he, would soon 
strike an air hole and go to the 
bottom, for in the spring of the 
year the ice is very treacherous. 

"As anticipated, he walked down 
to the shore of the bay as un- 
concerned seemingly as though 
he owned the island. 

"He cast a sly look around in 



his roar to see if any one had ob- 
served him, then surveying the 

opposite shore near Venice,, he 
started across on the ice at a brisk 
pace continually looking back to 
see if he was followed. 

"The ice was rotten and I could 
see his finish if he kept on, and 
that he would never reach the op- 
posite shore. 

"He kept up a sharp walk in 
the direction of Venice until out 
about a mile, when the ice broke 
and he fell into the water. After 
some little time we could see by 
our field glasses that he crawled 
cut and was standing erect. 

"After surveying the situation 
he started again at a brisk gait, 
believing he had discovered ice 
which would sustain his weight, 
which was about 180 pounds. 

"Spurred on by the cold chills 
he, had received from his recent 
bath in the icy waters of San- 
dusky Bay, he made great head- 
way for a few moments when 
down he went again, with all his 
heavy clothing- on and being thor- 
oughly chilled we did not expect 
to see him rise again, but no 
quicker said than done, he climbed* 
out on the ice and standing up, 
evidently could see nothing but 
an open channel with no ice in 
the water, he concluded the wise 
thing to do would be to retrace. 
his steps to the prison. 

"The poor fellow was nearly 
frozen and we pitied him as he 
pounded on the prison door for 

"Mv Comrades all remember 
the 'Sutlers' — we had one in the 
prison. He was one; of the pris- 
oners who had accumulated a lit- 
tle monev and had applied to the 
commander of the prison for per- 
ion to run a sutler's store in 
i mall way. 

"Permission was given him and 

it being near Christmas, he kept 
only things to eat. 

"His name was Lieutenant 
Thompson, of Tennessee. He 
found a re.ady market for his 
goods among the prisoners. 

"He secured a nicely dressed 
turkey which he hung up 
in front of his shop so that his 
customers could examine it at 
close range. 

"The prisoners began to col- 
lect and complimented Lieutenant 
Thompson upon securing such a 
splendid fat turkey. 

"Thompson seeing some cus- 
tomers in his shop, went in to 
wait upon them and during the 
interval the prisoners began clus- 
tering around the turkey and tak- 
ing out knives each took a 
slice leaving nothing but the skele- 
ton hanging there. 

"As soon as he had waited on 
his customers he came out to 
see his precious fowl and when 
he discovered nothing but the 
skeleton hanging where but a few- 
moments before was a beauty, he 
became desperately angry and 
charged some, of the bvstanders 
with the theft and a free fight 

"During the melee the sutler 
drew a revolver, which he had 
smuggled into the prison. 

"He threatened to shoot the 
guilty parties who had stolen the 
meat off his turkey. 

"When it was discovered that 
Lieutenant Thompson was about 
to shoot he was by 
the other prisoners, and securing 
a rope they tied it around Iiis 
neck, being determined to hang 

"The Officer of the Guard 
thought it about time to interfere,, 
and as the prisoners were march- 
ing Thompson along to the nose 
where he was to hang, the Officer 





* ^8 


P\ ; 


This beautiful landscape picture shows where the First Ohio Vol- 
unteer Heavy Artillery camped for several months. Many battles were 
fought at Louden, Tenn. 

Upon being pressed and nearly captured by the Union forces, the 
rebels burned this bridge and ran three locomotives with nearly a 
hundred freight cars off the bridge into the river, 40 to 50 feet below. 

The history of the War of the Rebellion gives a complete account 
of the several engagements which took place at this important point 
on the Holsten River, the upper Tennessee. 

The camp in the distance is the camp of the 1st 0. V. H. A. 

of the Guard with a half dozen sol- 
diers wheeled around the cornea- 
just in the nick of time. 

"The prisoners were angered 
and said Thompson must forfeit 
his life. 

"Lieutenant Thompson declared 
upon honor that he was through 
with the Rebel government forever 
and would devote the remainder 
of his life to the success of the 
Union, the Stars and Stripes and 
the Boys in Blue. He took the 
oath of allegiance, swearing that 
he would never again take up 
arms against the United States 

"In fact, he promised to be- 
come a full blue-blooded Yankee, 
if permitted, for he knew that if 
he went back to prison his brother 
prisoners would make way with 

"Once our Guard while making 
his regular rounds, thought he 
heard something under the 

ground, a rumbling sort of noise 
and putting his ear to the earth 
the more, he listened the more 
he became convinced that the 
noise was unnatural. 

"The guard immediately re- 
ported this unusual circumstance 
to the Commander of the Prison, 
who instituted an investigation 
with the result that it was found 
that the Rebels were digging a 
tunnel from inside to the outside 
of the prison and were about to 
make an opening whei'e they in- 
tended to escape. 

"Commander Pearson instructed 
the guard not to molest the pris- 
oners but let them dig away until 
they came to the, top and as soon 
as their heads apneared above 
ground to arrest them. 

"In a verv short time the 
paiards noticed the ground beneath 
their feet began to move and 
pretty soon one of the prisoners 
stuck his head out only to see 



half dozen muskets pointed at 

''He was politely requested to 
step out of the. tunnel and take 
his place where they were to line 

"Less than ten minutes brought 
a second prisoner and soon there 
came the third, and then a Con- 
federate Colonel from Kentucky, 
being so large that he became 
fastened in the tunnel and could 
not go eithe.r way. 

"To make him still more un- 
comfortable one of the guards 
placed his rifle in the hole of the 
tunnel and yelled to the prisoner 
to come out or he. would shoot, 

"The Colonel was so badly 
frightened he could not utter a 
sound and shovels were obtained 
and he was dug out as quick as 
possible for fear he might suf- 

"The rebel prisoners w r ere much 
chagrined to think their plot to 
free themselves had been discov- 

"Their intentions were that if 
they succeeded in making their 
escape when the whole 2200 had 
crawled through the tunnel, they 
were to overpower the guard and 
make a raid on the barracks for 
guns and ammunition, the.n cap- 
ture all the United States soldiers 
on the island, seize the steamer 
Michigan and fight their way to 

One night about 2 o'clock one 
of our guards was sent outside 
on an errand and as he was 
passing along with his lantern he 
discovered a cap laying on the 
ground near the fence and stoop- 
ing to pick it up, he noticed he had 
l jiil led the cap off the head of a 
man and soon found it to be one 
of the prisoners. 


"The prisoners applied to Ma- 
jor Pearson, Commander of the 
Prison, to permit them to engage 
in a snowball battle, which per- 
mission was granted. 

"The ground was covered with 
snow at least two fee,t in depth 
and the spring sun had softened 
it so that they had no difficulty 
in making the finest kind of snow- 

"They commenced by choosing 
sides until more than a thousand 
were chosen on a side. 

"They formed their snow-bali 
army into companies and battal- 
ions not unlike the preparations 
for a genuine battle. 

"They moved in platoons and 
formed in line of battle; every 
platoon had its officers and the 
whole affair was planne.d upon a 
grand scale. 

"All the lower country South- 
erners who had never seen much 
snow were particularly fascinated 
with the pleasure in sight. 

"The snow was pile.d over five 
feet high in drifts which nearly 
crazed the prisoners with delight. 

"The sun came out in all its 
glory and brightness, melting the 
beautiful, so that it would pack 

"The battle rage,d in all its fury 
and for uniqueness it was simply 
beyond expression. 

"The men were brave and as 
determined and courageous as 
thev were when fighting the 
Union soldiers, so in earnest were 
thev as their lines would advance 
and retreat, that it was thought 
at one time a stop would have to 
be made of the, snow-ball battle. 

"The prisoners had classed 
themselves off, those from the 
border of the northern tier of 
Southern states were, pitted 


John Tompkins. 

This picture was taken during 
the Civil War, 1864, and represents 
one of the most courteous and 
obliging young soldiers in the great 
Army of the United States. He 
was brave and generous, ever 
ready to help his fellow comrade. 
He is still living at this writing, 
vigorous and active. 

against an equal number from the 
most southern tier of states. 

"This gave those of the north 
a slight advantage, for the Ken- 
tuckians, Arkansans and Ten- 
nesse,eans, with the others who 
had been accustomed to snow- 
balling when they were boys, were 
used to the sport. 

"It certainly was one of the 
most interesting battles, I ever 
witnessed and was as fiercely con- 
tested a field as was fought dur- 
ing the Civil War. 

"Each side had built fortifica- 
tions out of four foot firewood, 
that they could have a place to 
retreat to in case, of emergency, 
which they did quite frequently. 

"Behind these fortifications each 
side had made and piled up in 
convenient places about 5,000 
snow-balls, some of which 
rather hard, as the black eyes 

proved after the fray waa o 

"There were at times as many 
as a thousand snow-balls in the 
air and they flew so thick that 
no one, could guard against being 
hit in the face and nearly blinded. 

"When the contestants came 
too near they were thrown dow n 
and their faces washed in the 
snow until they glad to give 
up the contest and retreat to the 

"The battle continued to rag< 
with unabated fury, each side 
fighting fiercely and with bulldog 
tenacity, declaring that the) 
would never give up. 

"But after one hour's terrific 
fighting with snow-balls it could 
be seen that the Kentuckians 
with the others from the snow 
regions of the Southern states 
were getting the better of it. 

"They decided to make a des- 
perate charge upon their brothers 
who were from the south part of 
the Southern states, and after 
holding a council of war behind 
their fortifications, they marched 
out formed in column, and made 
a most desperate charge behind 
the fortifications of their enemy, 
each man seizing his antagonist 
and crushing him to the ground 
in the fierce contest. 

"The charge settled the ques- 
tion, for those of the extreme 
South gave up, leaving the field in 
possession of those Southerners 
who were brought up to snow-ball 
their way through life. Their vic- 
tory was well earned. 

"There were many incidents of 
a like character, which I would 
like to relate, but time and space 

"Mv Deal- Comrades, I now 
must bid you an affectionate fare- 
well and wishing you all the Brood 
things in this world, and with a 



God bless you one, and all, I sub- 
scribe myself as yours most sin- 

Dorsey, Ga." 




The following article was written 
by Sergeant Major Alvin M. Wool- 
son and read at the annual reunion 
o\' the. First Regiment Ohio Vol- 
unteer Heavy Artillery, which 
\ as held at Portsmouth, Ohio, 
September 24, 1895. 

It is a reliable account of the 
capture and death of the Confed- 
erate Ge,neral John H. Morgan, 
of whom the people living along 
the Ohio River have good reason 
to remember. 

I was on detailed service at the, 
headquarters of the Fourth Divis- 
ion, Twenty-third Army Corps, at 
the tune when General Gillem re- 
ported a detailed account to Gen- 
eral David Tillson, who command- 
ed the Second Brigade, Twenty- 
third Army Corps, and I also 
heard it directly from the soldiers 
of the Union Army who were in 
the fray. 

I have read many different ver- 
sions of this bold raid since the 
Civil War, and have discussed the 
incident with many comrades, 
from both sides, and I am satis- 
fied and say without fear of con- 
tradiction that what I now present 
to you is a plain, unvarnished 
statement of this affair. 

Monday, September 5, 1864, 
pecial courier arrived early this 
■>■ bringing the news that 
detachment under the corn- 
el of Genera] Gillem, had sur- 
d I he Rebel troops at Green- 
Tennessee, and captured 
I John H. Morgan, and af- 
i de.sperate encounter many 

of his soldiers, including General 
Morgan's entire staff, but that 
during the fight General Morgan 
had been killed. 

The receipt of this important 
news cause.d general rejoicing 
among the citizens of Knoxville, 
and the stars and stripes could be 
seen flying over every loyal resi- 
dence in the city. 

Church be.lls were ringing all 
day long, pealing out over the 
surrounding country the glad tid- 
ings that now every loyal Ten- 
nesseean felt that he and his fam- 
ily were safe, for the mere men- 
tion of the name of General Mor- 
gan, the Raider, sent a thrill of 
terror to the hearts of all the 
Union people, living in Tennessee. 

Eighty Confederate prisoners 
were brought to our lines at 9 
o'clock this evening, which caused 
still greater excitement. 

In addition to the. Rebel Gen- 
eral Morgan's command, there 
were General Wheeler's and For- 
est's Cavalry lurking around in 
East Tennessee. 

Tuesday, September 6, 1864— 
General Gillem, of the Union 
Army, arrived at headquarters 
today and grave General David Till- 
son a detailed account of the 
capture and killing of the brave. 
Confederate General, John H. Mor- 
gan, said to be the greatest cav- 
alry leader in the entire Rebel 

This account was given by Gen- 
eral Gillem, as above stated. 

General Gillem said : 

"My command consisted of the 
Ninth and Thirteenth Regiments 
of Tennessee and the Tenth 
Michigan Cavalry, and a battery 
of six guns. Colonel John M. Mil- 
ler commanded the Brigade. 

Our camn was located west and 
north of Greenville, near Bull's 



"As Colonel Miller and myself 
were planning Cor the following 

day's movements, a small boy 
about 11 or 12 years of age came 
to our headquarters and reported 
that a lot of Confederate soldiers 
were camped on the banks of 
Black Creek and that his father 
had sent him to tell the Yankee 

"It was about eight miles from 
our camp to Black Springs. The 
boy's statement was received 
with a due amount of allowance, 
and we informed the young lad 
that he must be mistaken, for 
there were no Confederate sol- 
diers in that vicinity. 

"The boy seemed quite ex- 
cited and when we doubted his 
statement he became apparently 
very much troubled, claiming that 
he had seen and visited their 

"We concluded there must be 
something in the boy's story, so 
we made our plans to capture the 
Confederate soldiers. 

"According to these plans the 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, 
Lieutenant Col. Ingerton command- 
ing, was to start at night on the. 
old road toward Newport, Tennes- 
see, and march until it struck the 
Greenville road, then change its 
course towards Black Creek and 
surprise and capture the Confed- 

"It was the darkest night we 
ever saw and to make it more 
hideous it was accompanied by in- 
cessant thunder and lightning 
with heavy rain. 

"As the. command reached the 
Greenville road, a Confederate sol- 
dier could be seen between the 
flashes of lightning galloping 
down the road at full speed. 

"He was captured and searched 
by our men and a letter was 
found on his person from the 

Confederate General Vaughn, ad- 
dressed to the Confederate Gen- 
eral John i l. Morgan, at the 1 1 
dence of Mrs. Williams, Green- 
ville, Tennessee. 

"We must admit that OUT 

nerves were a little unstrung for 

a moment, for we knew what it 
was to face so daring a general 
as John II. Morgan and his com- 

"However, we changed our 
plans and firmly resolved to cap- 
ture General Morgan if possible. 
Many of the Tennessee troops 
knew Greenville and its every 
street and alley. 

"Lieutenant Colonel [ngerton 
ordered his command to follow 
the. main road until they reached 

"They arrived about 3:30 in 
the morning, just at the break of 

"Captain Wilcox and Lieuten- 
ant White, Company G, of the 
Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, 
owing to their knowledge of the 
streets and alleys in Greenville, 
were to have, exclusive charge of 
this undertaking. 

"When all were ready Lieuten- 
ant White took a platoon of Com- 
pany G and by a circuitous route 
reached the opposite side of Green- 
ville, and in true Indian stylo 
marched direct to the Williams 
residence, capturing the guards 
outside with comparatively little 

"While Lieutenant White was 
performing this dangerous task. 
Captain Wilcox had taken the re- 
mainder of the company and 
marched down the main road to- 
wards General Morgan's camp. 

"Officers and men weie yel 
asleep in their quarters and Cap- 
tain Wilcox captured the battery 
on the school house grounds, tak- 
ing the guards prisoners. 



"The, enemy were greatly sur- 
prised and immediately began to 
fall into line of battle. 

"Little did they surmise that a 
platoon of less than twenty Union 
soldiers had marched to their rear 
and surrounded the headquarters 
of their General. 

"All the noise and consterna- 
tion created by Captain Wilcox 
had its desired effect, for it di- 
rected the Confederates' attention 
to that part of town. 

"About this time General Mor- 
gan, hearing the confusion, had 
stepped to the door of the Wil- 
liam's residence to see what was 
going- on. 

"Just previous to this Lieuten- 
ant White had been informed by 
a citizen of Greenville that the 
Rebel General Morgan was in that 
house, at the. same time pointing. 
He then ordered his men to com- 
pletely surround it, and had just 
marched around the house to- 
wards the garden when General 
Morgan stepped out. 

"Before Morgan had time to 
rub his eyes until they were fairly 
opened, he was ordered to sur- 

"Up to this time no one, knew 
that it was General Morgan, at 
the door, not even the members 
of his own staff, for he had passed 
out unnoticed. 

"He had been in a great many 
tight places before, and apparently 
at once decided to escape into the 
garden, but here he ran against 
more Union soldiers, who again 
ordered him to surrender. 

"Morgan undoubtedly ,saw that 
his chances for escape were very 
slight for he drew his revolver 
and fired. 

"Oui- men immediately returned 
the fire with fatal effect. 

"No further attention war. 
given the killing of this man 

as no one supposed him to be Gen- 
eral Morgan, and as soon as the 
shooting was done our men pro- 
ceeded to gather in the, prisoners 
who were in the house. These 
included all of General Morgan's 
staff but two. 

"General Morgan was nowhere 
to be found, and the members of 
his ^staff concluded he had as 
usual made good his escape. 

"As we marched the prisoners 
out preparatory to taking them 
to the rear, the body of the dead 
soldier was discovered, for it was 
now quite light in the morning, 
when one of Morgan's staff cried 


This was the first knowledge 
we had that the. battle-scarred 
veteran, General John H. Morgan 
had been killed. 

"It was the work of only a few 
minutes to place his body cross- 
wise in front of a rider and witli 
the prisioners make, a hasty re- 
treat to the place where Colonel 
Miller was waiting with the Bri- 

"Colonel Miller was greatly ex- 
cited ove.r the killing of General 
Morgan, until he had been posi- 
tively informed, of his refusal to 
surrender, and of his firing the 
first shot. 

"After hearing this, he ordered 
the body of the, dead General to 
be placed on a wagon and returned 
under a flag of truce to the Con- 
federate army, Mrs. Williams as- 
sumed charge of the body after 
it arrived there.. 

"During this time, Lieutenant 
Colonel Tngerton and the remain- 
der of the 13th. Tennessee Caval- 
ry had marched to the assistance 
of Captain Wilcox, bringing in the 



prisoners, numbering seventy-five 
to eighty. 

The report that General Mor- 
gan's body was mutiliated in any 

way was not true. Our men 
might have take.n his spurs and 
side arms. 

"He was admired by both armies 
for his dauntless bravery. The 
killing- of Morgan struck deeply 
into the heart of the confederates. 

"Generals Wheeler and Forest, 
decided to take Knoxville in re- 
venge, but the Union General, 
David Tillson, ordered out the en- 
tire available force, and blocked 
every street leading into Knox- 
ville, by chaining together more 
than three hundred large army 
wagons, besides using every other 
possible device at his command. 

"In addition to the Union forces 
in Knoxville, there were five hun- 
dred citizens enrolled; these drill- 
ed all night, in their anxiety to be 
prepared for the reception of the 
confederates, but at this moment 
the confederate army in Tennessee 
received orders to march south 
to intercept General Sherman's 
march to the Sea, so Knoxville 
was not molested further. 


Participated in by Members of the 
First Regiment, O. V. H. A. Dur- 
ing One of Our Long Marches. 

At the re-union of the First 0. 
V. H. A., held at Gallipolis, Ohio, 
in 1894, a Comrade of Company 
M related the following incident in 
connection with his other war ex- 
periences : — 

"We had been marching for 
ten days on short rations and had 
become nearly exhausted for the 
want of some hard-tack and smok- 
ed meat. The roads were much 

like bods of fresh mortar, mad 1 
so by the moving army wagons, 
cavalry, light artillery and infan- 

After talking the matter over 
with another Comrade, we decided 
to di'op out of the ranks the first 
opportunity and do a little forag- 
ing on our own account. 

A Sergeant soon became weary 
from the lack of food and joined 
us, and we found two others, who 
could no longer endure the pangs 
of hunger and were willing to take 
their chances, making our party 
five in all. 

We expected that our hardest 
task would be in passing the rear 
guard, which was, by this time, 
near at hand. As it came up, the 
officer in charge, spied us and sang 
out; "FALL IN: FALL IN:" 

As we did not promptly obey 
his command, the officer came, rid- 
ing up on a brisk gallop, but our 
Sergeant politely informed him 
that he had charge of this squad 
and would be personally responsi- 
ble for their safe return as soon 
as we, rested a little, and the men 
were able to march. 

The officer dismounted and, hav- 
ing satisfied himself that we were 
all right, re-mounted and rode 
away, at the same time admonish- 
ing us to be careful lest we be 
captured by the "Johnnies". 

As soon as we were free to act 
for ourselves, we left the trail of 
the army and marched in quick 
time, obliquely towards the inter- 
ior, but parallel with the direction 
taken by the army. 

In due time, we came, to a cross- 
road and we could see to our right 
a beautiful valley, dotted here and 
there with pretty white farm 

The condition of the soil indi- 
cated a very fertile country and a 
well-to-do people. 



As we descended the valley, we, 
soon came to a rather commodious 
appealing house, with broad 
porches, and the characteristic- 
three story Columns and we at 
once decided to try our luck at this 
place with the only purpose, in 
view of obtaining food. 

There was every indication of 
thrift and happiness in sight, and, 
as we passed the fountain in the 
of the. house, we saw, sitting on 
the porch, a robust and rather 
pretty young lady, apparently 
about twenty years of age. As 
front yard and rounded the corner 
we slowly advanced towards her, 
she became frightened, but we as- 
sured her that we only wanted a 
little, cornmeal, after which she 
seeme.d less inclined to resist our 
approach. In fact, she immediate- 
ly called her mother, a kindly 
looking, motherly woman, who 
came out on the porch and, for a 
moment, eyed us keenly. 

She seemed very much confused 
until we explained our mission; 
that we had mothers and sisters 
at home, and that we would treat 
her and her household just as if 
they were our own. 

After we had made this explan- 
ation, she. appeared to be more 
calm and less suspicious. 

We told her, if she would sell 
us a bit of cornmeal, we would 
depart, but after taking a second 
look at us and noting our condition, 
she seemed inclined to give, us 
more than a bit of cornmeal. In 
fact, she informed us that, of we 
would remain, she. and her daugh- 
ter would prepare, for us as good 
a noonday meal as they could with 
the scanty supply they had on 

By our gentlemanly deportment, 
we soon gained the confidence of 
the. ladies and they became more 

The elderly woman informed us 
that her husband, with a few of 
their neighbors, were liable to 
come to the house at any time,: 
that they were not regular con- 
federate soldiers, but were all 
southern people, with southern 
principles. She also said that 
they were armed ; that they never 
went away without their rifles. 

We had previously agreed to 
pay for our dinners with good 
United States greenback money, 
which further encouraged the 
ladies to prepare us a good lay- 

They soon had the, dinner on 
the table, although late in the p. 
m., and we were doing justice 
to our veracious appetites, when 
one of our men noticed that the 
young lady, who was standing in 
the doorway, turned deathly pale. 

Springing quickly to the door, 
we saw seven men coming down 
the road and turn into the yard, 
laughing and chatting in a famil- 
iar way, little realizing that in the 
house were a lot of Yankee sol- 

The young lady informed us 
that one of the men was her 
father and the others were neigh- 
bors and we took note that they 
were armed to the teeth. 

Every one of us grasped our 
rifles and the Sergeant assumed 
command, placing us in adjoining 
rooms, and in such a position that 
we could best protect ourselves 
and, at the same time, obey his 

In the meantime., the ladies had 
run up stairs to avoid flying bul- 

The first thing these confederate 
soldiers did, upon reaching the 
bouse, was to stack their guns upon 
the back porch, not dreaming that 
they were soon to be taken by 
surprise. . 


They entered the house without 
noticing anything irregular until 
we sprang into the room and 
leveled our rifles at them giving 
quick orders that they hold up 
their hands and surrender or we 
would kill every one of the.m. 

We had the drop on them and 
they could do nothing less than 
obey our commands. 

However, the Sergeant lost no 
time, in assuring them that we had 
no evil intentions; that we were 
there simply for the purpose of 
getting something to eat, and that, 
if they made no attempt to mo- 
lest us, we soon would depart. 

All this, time, we stood each cov- 
ering his man, ready to shoot, 
should any hostile movement be 

The leader of the Confederates 
exclaimed: — ''Don't shoot, we will 
do as you want us to." 

Then our Sergeant extended his 
hand to the old man, they greet- 
ed each other like old friends, and 
we shook hands all around. 

One, of the stipulations was that 
the Sergeant should have the seven 
guns discharged and brought into 
the house and placed where we 
could have, control of them. 

This arrangement having been 
carried out, the confederate lead- 
er called the ladies down from the, 
upper room and suggested that 
they assist in serving the dinner. 

We were soon seated at the 
table, the seven Confederates on 
one side and the five on 
the other, with our guns standing 
between us Yankees, ready for 

We impressed upon their minds 
that we were nearly starved and 
after a good meal and a little some- 
thing for our haversacks, w r e 
would return to our command. 

We informed them that we had 
no intention of taking any pris- 

oners, unless we were obliged to, 
nor did we wish to do any ona 
any harm, as that was not the 

object of our expedition. 

They faithfully promised to be 

good and not to make any effort 
to cause us any alarm. 

We knew, however, that if op- 
portunity offered they would not 
show us any mercy, for they were 
bushwhackers of the worst type. 

They had no regulation uniform 
but instead their dress consisted 
of slouchy clothing, very much 
the worse for wear. 

We sat at the table, seemingly 
for a long time, discussing, in a 
social manner, the cause of the 
war and when peace would come 
and so on. 

We exchanged addresses and 
promised to correspond after the 
cruel war was over. 

The time finally arrived for us 
to take our leave, and it was 
here the Sergeant showed his 
piece of deception worked admir- 
ably. We feared the Confederates, 
as soon as we left would arouse 
the neighborhood, collecting as 
many as possible and give us a 
chase for our lives. 

The Sergeant explained that we 
would return to camn over the 
same route Ave had followed in 
coming to the place. 

He gave the Confederates to un- 
derstand that we would tolerate 
no interference, and they faithfully 
promised that the.v would make 
no attempt to interfere with our 
return to our command. 

We paid for our dinners and 
ordered the men to march out to 
the barn where they were, to re- 
main until we were out of sight. 

The ladies came into the room 
and bid us good-bye and, as eac ; 
of lis took their hand, we could 
see their eyes were moist and 



Alfred G. Runner, Corporal, 

was a soldier who never shirked 
his duty, ever patient and brave. 
For good fellowship, none excelled 

His password was his kindly 
eye, his pledge the hearty hand. 

We all loved Comrade Runner, 
and we love to meet him at our 

when we took our departure, that 
a "God Bless You" they had for 
each one of us. 

Giving the ladies some token 
of friendship and with a farewell 
greeting, we started out on a 
brisk walk. 

As soon as we were out of 
sight, we changed our course near- 
ly to right angles and marched 
at a double quick gate, arriving 
safely at camp about 9:30 p. m. 

The rebels will not even admit 
they were rebels, and when allud- 
ing to the Civil War they call it 
'War Between the States." 

There is no better time nor 
place to furnish proof that the 
Confederates are wroncr, and we 
will submit herewith the follow- 
ing to prove that there is no such 
thine in the history of our country 
as "War Between the States." 

Seven of the Southern States 

rebelled against the United 
States Government and set up 
an imitation Government of their 
own. South Carolina fired the 
first shot by adopting the ordi- 
nance of secession, December 
20th, 1860, and by firing on the 
Star of the West January 9th, 
when that ship was carrying two 
hundred and fifty men and provis- 

South Carolina's "overt act" 
was followed by Mississippi and 
Florida January 9 th, Alabama 
January 11th, Georgia January 
18th, Louisiana January 26th, 
Te.xas February 1st. The ordi- 
nances of secession were unani- 
mously adopted in but one State, 
South Carolina. 

In Mississippi there were four- 
teen votes against secession; in 
Florida, seven ; in Alabama thirty- 
nine; in Georgia, eighty-nine; in 
Louisiana, seventeen; in Texas, 
seventeen. So it will be seen that 
in the Legislatures of the rebel- 
lious States there were a few 
staunch union hearts. 

The imitation government of 
the "Confederate States" met 
February 4th with only six of its 
seceding States represented, Texas 
not coming in until ten days 

February 9th, 1860, the act of 
rebellion was signed, sealed and 
delivered by the unanimous elec- 
tion of Jeff Davis to the Presidency 
of the psuedo "nation." 

April 8th, Jeff Davis called for 
twenty thousand volunteers, mean- 
time having confiscated all the 
military posts in the rebellious 
States, along with the immense 
stores of ammunition, forage, 
food and other military supplies, 
which Floyd, as Secretary of War, 
had been for a year or more 
gathering in the South with this 
end in view. 

The weak-kneed President James 
Buchanan was at the helm until 



Sampson T. Groves, 

One of our real comrades, al- 
ways interested in the welfare 
of us all, a true soldier and most 
valuable citizen. 

March 4th, when Abraham Lincoln 
was inaugurated. 

It was at this time Lincoln is- 
sued his first official utterance — 
his simple, single plea to those 
States of the South which had 
already announced armed rebel- 
lion against the Constitution and 
the Government founded upon 
that Constitution. 

President Lincoln said: 

"Such of you as are now dis- 
satisfied, will have the old Con- 
stitution unimpaired, and on the 
sensitive points, the laws of your 
own framing under it; while the 
new Administration will have no 
immediate power to change 
either. If it were admitted that 
you who are dissatisfied hold the 
right side in the dispute, there 
is 'still no single good reason for 
precipitate action. Intelligence, 
patriotism, Christianity and a 
firm reliance on him who has 
never yet forsaken this [favored 
land, are still competent to ad- 
just in the best way all our pres- 
ent difficulties. 

"In your hands, my dissatisfied 

fellow-countrymen, and not in 

mine, is the momentous issue of 

civil war. The Government will 

not assail you, sou can haw. no 

conflict without being yourselves 
the aggressors. 

"You have no oath registered 
in Heaven to destroy the Gov- 
ernment, while I shall have the 
most solemn one to preserve, 
protect and defend it. 

"I am loth to ciose. We must 
not be enemies. Though passion 
may have strained, it must not 
break our bonds of affection. The 
mystic chords of memory, stretch- 
ing from every battlefield and pa- 
triot grave to every living heart 
and hearthstone all over this broad 
land, will yet swell the chorus of 
the Union when again touched, as 
surely they will be, by the better 
angels of our nature." 

In the face of this plea by our 
great noble-hearted Lincoln, who 
stood so isolated and high above 
all his advisers in principles; 
whose love for the common peo- 
ple was an inspiration and faith in 
the Constitution a religion. Jeff 
Davis, as he had been planning 
to do for a year or more, called 
for twenty thousand volunteers, 
April 8th, and on April 12th 
fired the first shot on Fort Sump- 
ter. And the war of rebellion 
was on in earnest. 

No reasonable thinking human 
being can find in the overt act 
of the seceding Southern States 
anything but an act of rebel- 

The United States Government 
recognized that great war from 
'61 to '65 as the "War of the 

It has printed some two hun- 
dred volumes entitled "Records of 
the War of the Rebellion." and 
included among these are "Official 
Records of the Union and Confed- 
erate names of the War of the 



Of the First Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery 


Chauncey D. Hawley Colonel 

Fordyce M. Keith Lt. Col, 

William G. Dickson Major 

Age Date Entering Time 
35 Aug. 12, '62 3 yrs. 

46 Aug. 30, '62 3 yrs. 

— July 


Robert W. Caldwell Major 
Timothy S. Matthews Major 

29 July 15, '62 

30 Sept. 8, '62 

Henry L. Barnes 

John L. Firestone 

Strickland Albright 

Eldridge G. Hard 
Nelson B. Lafferty 
Henry C. Beard 

George A. E. Carey 

Turn's T. K end rick 
John Delay 

John S. Armstrong 
Charles M. Stinson 
Fordyce M. Keith, J 


3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

28 Aug. 19, '62 3 yrs. 



Sept. 12, 


3 yrs. 

Asst. Sur. 


Dec. 22, 


3 yrs. 

Asst. Sur. 


Aug. 12, 


3 yrs. 

Asst. Sur. 


Nov. 10, 


3 yrs. 

Asst. Sur. 


Sept. 16 


3 yrs. 

Asst. Sur. 


Feb. 8, '65 

3 yrs- 



Aug. 10, 


3 yrs. 



Mch. 18, 


3 yrs. 

Ser. Maj. 


Aug. 13, 


3 yrs. 

Ser. Maj. 


Aug. 16, 


3 yrs. 

Ser. Maj. 

Jan. 19, 


3 yrs, 

Promoted from Lieut* 
Colonel, 117th O. V. 1., 
Aug. 1, '63; mustered 
out with Regt., July 25, 

Promoted from Major, 
117th O. V. I., Aug. 1, 
'63; mustered out with 
Regt., July 25, '65. 
Detached as Act. Asst, 
Inspector General on 
staff of Gen. Berry, Apr, 
9, '64; brevetted Lieut. 
Col., Mch. 13, '65; mus- 
tered out with Regt., 
July 25, '65. 
Promoted from Captain 
Co. A, 117th O. V. I., 
Aug. 1, '63. 

Promoted from 1st Lt. 
and Adjt., 117th O. V. I., 
Aug. 10, '63; mustered 
out with Regt., July 25, 

Promoted from Captain 
Co. D, Apr. 9, '64; mus- 
tered out with Regt., 
July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with Regt., 
July 25, '65. 

Promoted to Surgeon, 2d 
O. V. H. A., Aug. 11, '63. 
Resigned Aug. 23, '64. 
Resigned Jan. 9, '65. 
Promoted from Hospital 
Steward, Jan. 4, '65; 
mustered out with Regt., 
July 25, '65. 

Mustered out with Regt., 
July 25, '65. 
Resigned April 6, '64. 
Mustered out with Regt., 
July 25, '65. 

Promoted from 1st Ser. 
Co. F, Jan. 1, '63, to 2d 
Lieut. Co. C, March 10, 

Promoted from 1st Ser 
Co. A, Sept. 1, '63, to 2d 
Lieut. Co. A, Dec. 14, 

Enlisted as private, pro- 
moted same day; dis- 
charged May 27," '64, to 
accept commission in 1st 
Regt. U. S. Colored Hvy. 
Artillery, from which 
mustered out with Co., 
Mch. 3,1, '66, as Captain. 


NAMES Rank Age Date Entering Time 

Wallace E. Bratton Ser.Maj. 18 June 6, '63 3% yrs. 

Alvin M. Woolson Ser.Maj. 21 July 13/63 

Uri S. Keith 

R.Q.M.S. 21 Nov. 1/62 

3 yrs. 

Thomas J. Graham R.Q.M.S. 29 May 21, '6: 

Kinsey Robison R.Q.M.S. 24 July 1, '63 3 yrs. 

William H. Bonsall Com. Ser. 18 Sept. 1, '62 3 yrs, 

Augustus W. Ridgeway Com. Ser. 33 July 16, '63 3 yrs. 

Joseph W. Coffin Com. Ser. 44 Aug. 6, '63 3 yrs. 

Wesley J. Andrews Hos. St'd 31 June 18, '63 3 yrs. 

Benjamin M. Yeager Prin. Mus. 17 Sept. 30, '62 3 yrs. 

-Samuel D. Ware Prin. Mus. 18 Aug. 6, '62 3 yrs 


Promoted from private 

Co. I), May 27, '64, to 2d 
Lieut. Co. M. Jan. 30, 


Promoted from private 

( lo. M to rum COD 

Bioned staff, !><•<■. 3, '64; 
mustered out with Regt., 
July 25, '65. 
Promoted Prom private 

Co. H, Jan. 1. '63, to 2d 
Lieut. Co. C, Nov. 14, 

Promoted from Corporal 
Co. A, Feb. L3, '64; re- 
duced to ranks Mch. 1, 
'64; reappointed May 11, 
'64; mustered out with 
Regt., July 25, '65. 
Promoted from (,). M. 
Ser. Co. G, Mch. 1, '64; 
reduced to Q. M. Ser. 
Co. G, May 14, '64. 

Promoted from private 
Co. F, Jan. 1, '63, to 2d 
Lieut. Co. D, Aug. 10, 

Promoted from private 
Co. G, Sept. 1, '63, to 2d 
Lieut. Co. H, July 3, '64, 
Promoted from Artificer 
Co. H, Nov. 1, '64; mus- 
tered out with Regt.. 
July 25, '65. 

Promoted from Corporal 
Co. M, Mch. 1, '65; mus- 
tered out with Regt. 
July 25, '65. 
Promoted from Musi- 
cian Co. H, Oct. 7, '64; 
mustered out with Regt., 
July 25, '65. 

Promoted from Musician 
Co. C, Jan. 1, '63; mus- 
tered out June 20, '65 
at Knoxville, Tenn., by 
order of War Dept. 


Robert W. Caldwell 

William Carroll 

Rank Age Date Entering Time 
Captain 29 July 15, '62 3 yrs. 

Captain 35 July 15, '62 3 yrs. 


Promoted to Major from 
Co. A, 117th O. V. I., 
Aug. 1, '63. 

Promoted from 1st 
Lieut. Co. A, 117th O. V. 
I., Aug. 1, '63; mustered 
out July 25. '65, at Knox- 
ville, Tenn., by order of 
War Department. 



Joseph S. Jeffries 

Rank; Age Date Entering Time 
1st Lieut. 33 July 22, '62 3 yrs. 

Elisha Fitzwilliams 1st Lieut. 20 Aug. 20, '65 

3 yrs. 

Samuel B. Violet 1st Lieut. 

Aug. 22, '62 3 yrs. 

Clinton D. Evans 2d Lieut. 24 Sept. 13, '62 3 yrs. 

Daniel W. Firestone 2d Lieut. 25 Apr. 18, '62 3 yrs. 

Charles M. Stinson 2d Lieut. 20 Aug. 16, '62 3 yrs. 


Promoted from 2d Lieut. 
Co. A, 117th O. V. I., 
Aug. 1, '63; mustered 
with Co., July 25, '63. 
Promoted from 1st Ser. 
Co. E, 117th O. V. 1., 
Aug. 1, '63; resigned 
Feb. 22, '64. 

Promoted from 2d Lieut. 
Co. F, Apr. 9, '64; dis- 
charged June 30, '65, at 
Knoxville, Tenn., by or- 
der of War Department. 
Promoted from 1st Ser. 
Co. A, 117th O. V. I. f 
Aug. 10, '63; to 1st 
Lieut. Co. H, May 31, '65. 
Appointed from private, 
Aug. 10, '63; promoted 
to 1st Lieut. Co. E, Dec. 
14, '63. 

Appointed 1st Sergt. 
from Sergt., Aug. 10 4 
'63; promoted to Sergt. 
Maj., Sept. 1, '63; 2d 
Lieut., Dec. 14, '63; dis- 
charged June 20, '65, at 
Knoxville, Tenn., by or- 
der of War Department., 



W T illiam C. Haye Captain 

John C. Morgan Captain 


Age Date Entering Time 
34 July 25, '62 3 yrs, 
27 Aug. 19, '62 3 yrs. 


George L. Hays 1st Lieut. 26 Aug. 19, '62 3 yrs. 

George H. Ricney 1st Lieut. 18 Oct. 21, '62 3 yrs. 

Lewis Farns 2d Lieut. 20 Aug. 11, '62 3 yrs. 

Thomas M. James 2d Lieut. — June 23, '62 3 yrs. 

James Martin 2d Lieut. 20 Aug. 16, '62 3 yrs. 

Maranal Bramblet 2d Lieut. 19 Aug. 4, '62 3 yrs. 

Resigned Dec. 1, '63. 
Promoted from 1st 
Lieut., Dec. 1, '63; mus- 
tered out to date July 
25, '63, by order of War 
Promoted from 2d Lieut. 
Aug. 10, '63; mustered 
out with company, July 
25, '65. 

Promoted from 2d Lieut. 
Co. I, Dec. 1, '63; mus- 
tered out June 20, '65, by 
order of War Dept. 
Promoted from 1st Ser., 
Aug. 10, '63; to 1st 
Lieut. Co. I, Jan. 20, '65. 
Appointed June 23, '63; 
promoted to 1st Lieut. 
Co. D, July 13, '64. 
Promoted from 1st Ser. 
Co. A, July 13, '64; mus- 
tered out with company, 
July 25, '63. 

Appointed 1st Sergt. 
from Sergt., ; pro- 
moted to 2d Lieut., Jan. 
20, '65; mustered out 
June 20, '65, by order of 
War Department. 



NAME Rank Age 

Leonidas C. Hcaton Captain 38 
Samuel Bivens Captain 24 


Date I 


9, r 62 
6, '62 

Peter B. Hays 2d Lieut. 

Edmund W. S. Neflf 2d Lieut. 



4, '62 
20, '63 

Uri S. Keith 

William Lawson 2d Lieut. 23 July 1, '63 

3 yra 

( . 

Hugh S. Fullerton 1st Lieut. 2:5 Aug. 1/63 3 yrs, 

John S. Armstrong 1st Lieut. 20 Aug. 13, '62 

Philander S. Abbott 1st Lieut. .30 June 12, '63 3 yrs, 


2d Lieut. 21 Nov. 4, '62 3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

Resigned Nov. J. '63. 

Pro in 1 e <l from 1 . | 
Lieut., Nov. 14, '63; r n u .- - 

tered out with ( lompany 

July 25, '65, 

Appointed Aug. 1, '63; 
discharged Au^r. 12, '64, 

On account of physical 


Promoted to 2d Lieut. 
from Sergt. Maj. 1 1 7th 
0. V. I., Men. 16, '63; 

mustered out with com- 
pany, July 2f>, '63. 
Promoted from 2d Lieut, 

Co. M, Nov. 20. '64; mus- 
tered out July 24, '65, at 
Washington, 1). C, by 
order of War Dept. 
Resigned Meh. 21, '63. 
Appointed July 20, '63; 
discharged May 25, '65 
by order of War Dept. 
Promoted from Regi. (.,). 
M., Nov. 14, '63; detail- 
ed as Act. Q. M., ; 

mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Promoted from 1st Ser. 
Co. G, May 31, '65; mus- 
tered out June 20, '65, 
by order of War Dept. 



Henry L. Barnes 

w Rank 

Age Date Ent( 
28 Aug. 19, 


Benjamin F. Holman 


30 Aug. 16, 


Alex. F. McMillan 

1st Lieut. 

24 Aug. 19, 


Skees S. Forester 

Thomas M. James 

John W. Wallace 

1st Lieut. 23 Aug. 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

'62 3 yrs 

1st Lieut. 24 June 23, '63 3 yrs 

2d Lieut. 35 June 16, '62 3 yrs 


3 yrs. Promoted to Major, Apr. 
9, '64. 

Promoted from 1st 
Lieut. Co. F, Apr. 9, '64; 
mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Promoted to Capt., 1st 
Regt. U. S. Colored Hvv. 
Artillery, May 9, '64, 
from which resigned, 
Men. 29, '65. 
Promoted from 1st Ser., 
Aug. 1, '63; mustereu 
out with companv, Julv 
25, '65. 

Promoted, from 2d Lieut. 
Co. B, July 13, '64; mus- 
tered out June 21, '65, 
at Knoxville, Tenn., by 
order of War Dept. 
Appointed from private, 
Aug. 19, '62; promoted 
to 1st Lieut. Co. F, Apr. 
9, '64. 





James A. Murphy Captain 

Ago Date Entering- Time 

Jacob M. Toner 
James R. Oldson 

1st Lieut. 
1st Lieut. 

Daniel W. Firestone 1st Lieut. 

34 Aug. 19, '62 

— Aug. 19, '62 

— Aug. 19, '62 

Apr. 18, '63 

James W. Potts 2d Lieut. 30 Aug. 22, '62 

Samuel R. Russell 2d Lieut. 25 Aug. 4, '63 

Noah S. Clark 

2d Lieut. 21 Aug. 23, '62 

Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

3 yrs. Resigned Dec. 14/63. 

3 yrs. Promoted from 2d Lieut. 
Aug. 10, '63; mustered 
out with company, July 
25, '65. 

3 yrs. Promoted from 2d Lieut. 
Co. A, Dec. 14, '63; Act. 
Adjt. from Jan. 14, '65, 
to June 20, '65; mustered 
out June 20, '65, at 
Knoxville, Tenn., by or- 
der of War Department. 

3 yrs. Promoted from Sergt., 
Aug. 10, '63; mustered 
out with company, July 
25, '65. 

3 yrs. Promoted to Capt., 1st 
Regt. U. S. Colored H. 
A., Mch. 11, '64, from 
which resigned Oct. 10, 

3 yrs. Promoted from 1st Ser, 
Co. G, Apr. 9, '64; mus- 
tered out June 20, '65, at 
Knoxville, Tenn., by or^ 
der of War Department. 


Amos B. Cole 

Rank Age Date Entering Time 
Captain 34 Aug. 22, '62 3 yrs. 

James C. Cadot Captain 29 Aug. 26, '62 3 yrs. 

uenjamin F. Holman 1st Lieut. 
John Q. Shumway 1st Lieut. 

30 Aug. 9, '62 3 yrs. 
38 Aug. 8, '62 3 yrs. 

John W. Wallace 

Samuel B. Violet 
David C. Howard 

John Dascomb 

1st Lieut. 35 Aug. 19, '62 3 yrs. 

2d Lieut. 25 Aug. 22, '62 3 yrs. 

2d Lieut. 34 Aug. 22, '62 3 yrs. 

2d Lieut. 18 Aug. 1, '62 3 yrs. 

Discharged Dec. 19, '64 
for physical disability. 
Promoted from 1st 
Lieut. Co. H, Jan. 20, 
'65; mustered out with 
company, July 25, '65. 
Promoted to Capt. Go. 
D, Apr. 9, '64. 
Enlisted as private ic 
Co. D; transferred to 
Co. F, Sept. 9, '62; ap- 
pointed Sergt., Oct. 18, 
'62; 1st Sergt., Jan. 1 
'63; promoted to 1st 
Lieut., Aug. 10, '63; 
mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Promoted from 2d Lieut 
Co. D, Apr. 9, '64; mus- 
tered out with company- 
July 25, '65. 

Promoted to 1st Lieut. 
Co. A, Apr. 9, '64. 
Promoted from Sergt., 
Aug 1 . 10, '63; mustered 
out with company, July 
25, '65. 

Promoted from Serg* 
Co. B, Apr. 9, '64; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 25. '65. 




Rank Age 

Date Entering ' 


James Gatewood 

Captain 45 

Aug. 1!), '62 

3 yrs. 

Francis Walter 

1st Lieut. 32 

Aug. 22, '62 

3 yrs 

Washington C. Appier 

1st Lieut. 40 

Sept. 16, '62 

3 yrs 

Samuel Drummond 
John S. Hutsinpiller 

Hilborn C. Miller 

2d Lieut. 
2d Lieut. 



Aug. 19, '62 
Aug. 19, '62 


3 yrs. 

2d Lieut. 22 July 11, '63 3 yrs. 


Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 2."), '65, 
Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Transferred from Adjt 
117th O. V. I.. May 4, 
'63; mustered out June 
17, '65, at Knoxville, 
Tenn., by order of War 
Oept., as supernumary. 
Discharged May 17, '64, 
by order of War Dept. 
Appointed Sergt. from 
private, Oct. 25, '62; pro- 
moted to 2d Lieut. Aug. 
10, '63; mustered out 
out with company, July 
25, '65. 

Promoted from 1st Ser. 
Co. D.July 13, '64; mus- 
tered out June 20, '65, at 
Knoxville, Tenn., by or- 
der of War Dept., as su- 


William J. Evans 

James C. Cadot 

William S. Martin 

Clinton D. Evans 

Joseph Rule 
Lot Davis 

Rank Age Date Entering Time 

Captain 36 Aug. 22, '62 3 yrs. 

1st Lieut. 29 Aug. 22, '62 3 yrs. 

1st Lieut. 30 Aug. 22, '62 3 yrs. 

1st Lieut. 24 Sept. 13, '62 3 yrs. 

2d Lieut. 34 June 18, '63 3 yrs. 

2d Lieut. 32 Sept. 29, '62 3 yrs. 

August W. Ridgway 2d Lieut. 33 July 16, '63 3 yrs. 


Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Promoted to Capt. Co. 
F, Jan. 20, '65. 
Promoted from 2d Lieut. 
Aug. 10, '63; detailed to 
Act. Adjt. from Mch. 1, 
'64, to date of muster 
out; mustered out with 
company, July 25, '65. 
Promoted from 2d Lieut. 
Co. A, May 31, '65; mus- 
tered out with company, 
July 25, '65. 

Appointed June 18, '63; 
promoted to 1st Lieut. 
Co. K, July 13, '64. 
Promoted from 1st Ser., 
Aug. 10, '63; mustered 
out with company, July 
25, '65. 

Promoted from Com. 
Sergt., July 13, '64; re- 
signed June 24, '65. 




NAMES Rank Age Date Entering Time REMARKS 

Alexander Lewis Captain 43 May 26, '63 3 yrs. Appointed July 24, '63; 

mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
George Z. Dickerson 1st Lieut. 26 July 24, '63 3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 

1st Lieut. 44 July 24, '63 3 yrs. Appointed July 24, '63; 

resigned July 17, '65. 

1st Lieut. 20 Aug. 11, '62 3 yrs. Promoted from 2d Lieut 

Co. B, Jan. 20, '65; mus- 
tered out with company, 
July 25, '65. 

2d Lieut. 20 July 24, '63 3 yrs. Appointed July 24, '63; 

resigned Nov. 26, '63. 

2d Lieut. 24 July 24, '63 3 yrs. Appointed July 24, '63; 

resigned Nov. 26, '63. 

2d Lieut. 37 Dec. 26, '63 3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 

2d Lieut. 22 Oct. 20, '63 3 yrs. Promoted from private* 

Nov. 23, '63; died Mch. 
3, '64, at Camp Burn- 
side, Ky. 

2d Lieut. 30 June 12, '63 3 yrs. Promoted from 1st Ser. 

Co. L, Apr. 9, '64; mus- 
tered out with company, 
July 25, '65. 

Calvin C. Mingus 
Lewis Farris 

David Foster 
Hugh Shoop 
William C. Cole 
Thomas W. Terry 

David Snoddy 


William Pease 

Samuel Saylor 

Wm. H. Wallace 
Joseph Rule 

Nesbit Comly 
David W. Delay 

Alexander Power 

Rank Age Date Entering Time 

Captain — May 27, '63 3 yrs. 

1st Lieut. 35 May 20, '63 3 yrs. 

1st Lieut. 21 June 1, '63 3 yrs. 

1st Lieut. 34 June 18, '63 3 yrs. 

2d Lieut. 23 Aug. 10, '63 3 yrs. 
2d Lieut 30 Aug. 10, '63 3 yrs. 

2d Lieut. 23 June 5, '63 

3 yrs. 


Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Resigned May 5, '64. 
Promoted from 2d LieuL 
Co. H, July 13, '64; mus- 
tered out with company, 
July 25, '65. 

Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Promoted from 1st S^r. 
Co. I. Apr. 9. '64: mus- 
tered out with company. 
July 25. '65. 




Joshue S. Preble Captain 


A^f Date Entering Tim< 

John Foreman 




10, '63 


Bolivar Webber 1st Lieut 

Ebenezer Wilson 1st Lieut. 22 June 23, '6 

2d Lieut. 18 June 

George H. Richey 1st Lieut. 22 Oct. 21, '62 

:; yrs. 

3 yrs. 

3 yr 


Isaac C. Wynn 2d Lieut. 32 Aug. 15, '62 

David J. Comly 2d Lieut. 20 June 5, '62 3 yrs. 

William Bivens 2d Lieut. 20 Aug. 8, '62 3 yrs. 

John N. Forster 2d Lieut. 24 Aug. 22, '62 3 yrs. 

Remark - 
Mustered out with com- 
pany, Jul} 25, '66. 

Appointed Aug. 28, '68j 
discharged May 27, '64, 
by order of War Dept. 
Enrolled as private; 
promoted to 1st Lieut . 
Aug. l. '63; mustered 
out with company, July 
25, '65. 

Promoted to 2d Lieut. 
from private, Aug. 1. 
'63; 1st Lieut.. July 13, 
'64; mustered out with 
company, July 2.'). '65. 
Promoted from private, 
Co. H. Aug. 10, '63; to 
1st Lieut. Co. 1!. Dec. 1. 

Promoted from 1st Ser. 
Co. C. Dec. 1 i i . '63; re- 
signed June 19, '65. 
Promoted from 1st Ser. 
Co. K, July 13, '64; re- 
signed Oct. 28, '64. 
Promoted from 1st Ser. 
Co. C, Dec. 1, '63; re- 
tered out with com pan v. 
July 25, '65. 
Promoted from 1st Ser. 
Co. H, May 31, '64; mus- 
tered out with company. 
Julv 25, '65. 

A * 



Of C 


ompanv M. First Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery 

Henry J. Bly 

James H. Ainslie 

Nelson E. Prentice 

Philander S. Abbott 

Benega C. Miller 

James G. Fish 

Wallace E. Bratton 
John B. Colby 

Wm. H. Hallenbeck 
Theodore B. Tucker 

George W. Means 
Thomas W. Hicks 

Simeon Yetter 

John Matt 

James Hutchinson 

Wesley J. Andrews 
David W. Gibba 

Rank Age Date Entering Time 

Captain 28 July 16, '60 3 yrs. 

1st Lt. 31 Aug. 1, '63 3 yrs. 

1st Lt. 32 Sept. 5, '63 3 yrs. 

2dLt. 30 Aug. 1/63 3 yrs. 

2d Lt. 32 Aug. 1, '63 3 yrs. 

2dLt. 24 June 25, '63 3 yrs. 

2dLt. 18 June 6, '63 3 yrs. 

1st Sergt. 21 June 28, '63 3 yrs. 

Q.M.S. 19 June 21, '63 3 yrs. 

Sergt. 19 July 9, '63 3 yrs. 


Romulus Shepherd Sergt. 

20 June 28, '63 3 yrs. 
25 July 13, '63 3 yrs. 

33 June 23, '63 3 yrs. 

Sergt. 30 June 23,. '63 3 yrs. 



42 July 6, '6- 

22 July 9, '63 

3 yrs. 

3 yrs. 

Corporal 31 June 18, '63 3 yrs. 

Corporal 31 July 13, '63, 3, yrs. 

Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Promoted to 1st Lieut. 
Co. C, Nov. 26, '64. 
Resigned Dec. 2, '64. 
Appointed 1st Sergt. 
Apr. 20, '64; promoted 
to 2d Lieut. Nov. 26, '64; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Promoted from Sergt. 
Maj. Jan. 30, '65; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 25, '65. 
Appointed Sergt. from 
private Aug. 5, '63; 1st 
Sergt. Mch. 1, '65; mus- 
tered out with company 
July 25, '65. 
Mustered May 19, '65, at 
Columbus, Ohio, by or- 
der of War Dept. 
Promoted Sergt. from 
private Aug. 5, '63; mus- 
tered out July 15th, '65, 
at Knoxville, Tenn., by 
order of War Dept. 
Mustered out with Com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Appointed Aug. 10, '63; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25. '65. 
Appointed Corp. Apr. 5, 
'64; Sergt. Apr. 20, '64; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Appointed from Corpo- 
ral Dec. 4, '64; muster- 
ed out with company 
July 25, '65. 
Appointed from Corpo- 
ral Feb. 21. '65; muster- 
ed out with company 
July 25, '65. 
Arriointed from Corpo- 
ral Mch. 1, '65; muster- 
ed out with company 
July 25, '65. 
Promoted to Hos. Stew- 
ard Mch. 1, '65. 
Mustered out May 12, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 



Charles R. Logan Corporal 

Hulbert 1^. Williams Corporal 

Charles Bailey Corporal 

Lafayette Billings Corporal 

Warren CBreckenridge Corporal 

Daniel Cowell Corporal 

Josiah M. Dancer Corporal 

Edwin Cowell Corporal 

Age I >ate Entering Time 

25 ,j imc 20, '63 :: yrs. 

22 June 25/63 3 yrs. 

38 .July!),'*;:: 3 yrs. 

25 -Ian. 4, '64 ."! yrs. 

20 July 13, '63 :: yrs 

38 July 1, '<;:; 3 yrs. 

14 July !), '63 

Richard Fowler 

Levi A. Hultz 
Thomas C. Betts 
Silas McDougal 
John R. Hale 
Chilon H. Young 
Francis Taylor 

James Moffitt 
Isaac Lepard 

Andrew Houk 




23 June 24, '63 3 yrs. 

Alfred G. Runner Corporal 22 Jan. 4, '64 3 yrs. 

Corporal 19 June 20, '63 3 yrs. 

Henry M. El wood Corporal 20 July 17, '68 3 yrs. 

Charles Streeter Corporal 18 July 6, '63 3 yrs. 

Corporal 20 July 15, '63 3 yrs. 

30 Dec. 22, '63 3 yrs. 

21 Dec. 22, '63 3 yrs. 

22 July 23, '62 3 yrs. 
30 July 6, '63 3 yrs. 
27 June 24, '63 3 yrs. 

36 Aug. 12, '63 3 yrs. 
30 Dec. 30, '63 3 yrs 

Artificer 22 July 23, '63 3 yrs. 


Mustered <>ut w ith com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Transferred to Vet. Re- 
serve ( Sorps May L8, ,,- >">. 

Di.d Nov. 25, '63, at 
Fort Whittlesy, Ky. 
Mustered out Maj L7, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out Aug. 2. '65. 
Appointed Jan. 2, '64; 
mustered out with com" 
pany July 25. '65. 
Appointed Apr. 14. '64; 
mustered oul with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Appointed Dec. 4, '64; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Appointed Jan. 1. '65; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Appointed Feb. 21, '65; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25. '65. 
Appointed Feb. 21, '65; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Appointed Mch. 2, '65; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Appointed Mch. 1, '65; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Appointed June 1, '65*; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Appointed Juno 1, '65; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Appointed June 1, '65; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Discharged Oct. 25. '64, 
on Surgeon's certificate 
of disability. 
Transferred May 23, '65, 
to 244th Co. 1st Battal- 
ion Vet. Reserve Corps, 
from which mustered 
out Aue:. 4, '65, at Knox- 
ville, Tenn., by order of 
War Dept. 

Died Dec. 8, '64. at Mad- 
ison, Ind. 

Appointed Dec. 29, '64; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25. '65. 
Appointed June 1, '65; 
mustered out with com- 
pany July 25. '65- 


Frederick Lessor 

James Nobles 

John J. Tall man 
Accord, Wesley 

Ainslie, William 
Andrews, Milton L. 

Rank Age Date Entering Time 


Musician 18 July 17, '63 
Musician 18 July 3, '63 
Wagoner 24 July 6/63 

3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

3 yrs. 




Arm i tag e, James Private 

Armstrong, Samuel L. Private 

Beatty, Michael 
Bilderback, Charles 
Blair, William H. 

Ely, Alfred F. 

Borough, Israel 
Bowen, Henry C. 
Cables, Freeman 
Carney, John 
Chamberlain, James 
Chapman, Delos E. 
Class, William 
Cochenour, Mahlon 

Cogswell, Harrison 
Coit, George W. 




Charles G. W. 




31 Aug. 25, '6; 

19 July 9, '63 

18 July 23, '63 
23 Sept. 12/64 

Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

3 yrs. Mustered out. with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
3 yrs. Mustered out June 20, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
3 yrs. Reduced from Corporal 
Apr. 4, '64; mustered out 
June 24, '65, at Louis- 
ville, Ky., by order of 
War Dept. 

29 June 22, '63 3 yrs. Mustered out May 30, 
'65, at Cleveland, O., by 
order of War Dept. 

21 July 22, '63 3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

25 July 22, '63 3 yrs. Discharged March 5, '64, 
on Surgeon's certificate 
of disability. 

20 June 22, '63 3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 

pany July 25, '65. 

3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

1 yr. Mustered out June 20, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 

3 yrs. Reduced from 1st Sergt,, 

; discharged Nov. 1, 

'64, on Surgeon's certifi- 
cate of disability. 

3 yrs, Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
26 Aug. 17, '63 3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

21 July 9, '63 3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 

pany July 25, '65. 

23 Sept. 5, '63 3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

18 June 28, '63 3 y~s. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

34 Oct. 3, '64 3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 

pany July 25, '65. 

20 Aug. 22, '64 1 yr. Mustered out June 20 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn. 
by order of War Dept. 

34 Sept. 23, '64 1 yr. Died Apr. 29, '65, at 
Knoxville, Tenn. 

20 Aug. 29, '64 1 yr. Mustered out June 20 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 

Private 23 July 20, '63 

21 July 22, '63 

22 July 22, '63 

28 June 28, '63 
18 July 22, '63 


Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 



Cole, John 

Rank Age Date Entering Time 
Private 23 July 22, '63 3 yrs. 

Courtwright,HarmonB. Private 

Courtwright, James Private 

Coxley, Joseph Private 

Cross, James S. Private 

Dennison, Charles Private 

Deso, Charles H. Private 

Dewitt, Isaac Private 

Dickerson, Reuben G. Private 

Dwelle, Hubbard E. 
Earl, Alfred 

Epp, Peter 
Fally, Alpha B. 
Fry, Franklin 
German, Thomas 
Gorham, John 
Gordon, Wilson S. 

Graul, Charles 
Gregory, Youngs 
Griffith, William 
Groves, Sampson T. 
Hackett, Lewis V. 
Haines, James U. 
Halsey, Francis M. 
Harding, James 

Harding, Thomas 

Harrison, William H. Private 
Henderson, John H. Private 


!2. '63 


18 May 25, '64 3 yrs. 

34 July 6, '63 3 yrs. 

27 Sept. 6, '64 1 yr. 

18 July 11, '63 3 yrs, 

18 June 29, '63 3 yrs. 

18 Juno 25, '6.'! 3 yrs. 

20 June 29, '63 3 yrs. 



June 20, '63 

3 yrs. 



Aug. 29, '64 




June 25, '63 

3 yrs. 



June 27, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 14, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 4, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 14, '63 

3 yrs. 



June 25, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 6, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 13, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 14, '63 

3 yrs. 



Dec. 22, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 6, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 13, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 18, '63 

3 yrs. 



June 22, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 13, '63 

3 yrs. 

35 Julv 13. '63 3 vrs. 
20 Aug. 13, '63 3 yrs. 

Mustered out with com 
pany Julj 25, '( 
M . bered out May 17, 
'♦;.">, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out with con* 
pany July 25, '66. 
Mustered out with com" 

pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out June 20 

'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany- July 25, '65. 
Appointed Corporal Apr. 
4, '64; mustered out 
with company Julv 25, 

Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Died Oct. 5, '64, in hos- 
pital at Chattanooga, 

Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Died July 11, '64, at 
Knoxville, Tenn. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Reduced from Sergt 
Nov. 30, '64; mustered 
out with company July 
25, '65. 

"Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25. '65. 
Mustered out June 27 
'65, at Knoxville. Tenn., 
bv order of War D^pt. 
Died March r ". '64, at 
Point Isabel, Ky. 

Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 




Henson. James E. Private 

Henson, Wm. G. 
Hess, George 

Hi so. John 
Hissner, Jacob 
Hotchkiss, George 

Hutton. Lew's 
Irvin, Edmund E. 
Jewitt, John R. 
Jones, Edwin E. 
Jupp. Francis L. 
Keller, Henry W. 

Kelley, Joseph 

Kingman. Orrison 
Kinney, John 

Knock, John 

A^e Date Entering Time 
17 July 6, '63 3yrs. 



July 1, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 16, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 4, '63 

3 yrs. 


3 7 

Oct. 29, '64 

1 yr. 



July 4, '63 

3 yrs. 



June 22, '63 

3 yrs. 



Oct. 4, '64 




June 22, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 13, '63 

3 yrs. 



Aug. 13, '63 

3 yrs. 



Sept, 22, '64 

1 yr. 



19 July 15, '63 3 yrs. 

40 Julv 13, '63 
18 July 5, '63 

Private 21 Aug. 22, '64 

Knowltcn, Wm. M. Private 29 July 5/63 

Lafer, Anthony 
Lampkin, Goorge 

Lathrop, Chauncey 
Layman, Andrew L. 
Lee, James F. 
Lemon, James, Jr. 
Littleton, Jay 
McKitrick, Alexander 
Marsh, Christian 
M;ir + ir'. Horace 

Morris, Charle P.. 
Morri , Prank 

6 yrs. 
3 yrs. 





July 15, '63 

3 yrs. 



Sept. 29, '64 

1 yr. 



Aug. 17, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 14, '63 

3 yrs. 



Aug. 14, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 14, '63 

3 yrs. 



June 17, '63 

3 yrs. 



Dec. 22, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 7, '63 

3 yrs. 



Juno 27, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 13, '63 

3 yrs. 



July 6, '63 

3 yrs. 


Mustered out May 19, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25. '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out June 20, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out June 20, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Discharged Mch. 20. '64, 
on Surgeon's certificate 
of disability. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Mustered out June 19, 
'65, at Nashville. Tenn., 
bv order of War Dept. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
panv Julv 25. '65. 
PiVd Feb. 18, '64, at 
Covin tfton, Ky. 
Muste^d out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Musterorl out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 




Motry, Alexander 

Murphy, Henry 
Nicholas, Alfred J. 
Nickle, George B. 

Nichols, John E. 

Nichols, Stillman S. 

Niles, Malcolm G. 
Olmsted, Nelson 

Palmer, Preston 

Payne, Samuel 
Perry, William 

Peterson, James 
Place, Henry O. 

Place, Horace 
Powell, Miner 
Pruden, George E. 
Reed, George W. 
Roe, Barnett, Jr. 

Rolf, Jarvis h. 
Roscoe, Frederick W. 
Roscoe, Jones W. 
Row, George 
Ryan, Jackson 
Rya^, James 

Ryan, Peter 

Schofield, Alpha E. 
Searles, Henry 

Rank Age Date Entering 

Private 18 July 13, '68 

Private 17 June 30, '<>:; 
Private 17 July 9, '<>:'. 
Private 18 July 13, '63 



I vrs. 



July 9, 


3 vrs. 



Jan. 4, '64 

1 yr. 



July 13, 


3 yrs 



Aug. 16, 


3 yrs 



July 21, 


3 yrs 



July 20, 


3 yrs 



July 17, 


3 yrs 



June 18, 


3 yrs 



July 13, 


3 yrs. 



July 18, 


3 yrs 



July 13, 


3 yrs 



July 18, 


3 yrs 



June 20, 


3 yrs 



Aug. 29, 





June 19, 


3 yrs 



June 30, 


3 yrs. 



June 30, 


3 yrs 



Aug. 17, 


3 yrs 



Aug. 10, 


3 yrs 



July 21, 


3 yrs 



July 6, 


3 yrs 



Jan. 4, '64 

3 yrs 



July 13, 


3 yrs 

Blustered out w ith com- 
pany July 25, '66. 
M ustered out w ith com* 
pany July -•'». '65. 
Mustered out w ith com- 
pany July 2... '65. 
Mustered nut May •':<>, 
'65, at Camp Dennison, 
o., by order of War De- 

Mustered out with com- 
pany July 2o, '65. 
Died Aug. 5, '64, at 
Knoxville, Term. 
Died July 21, '64, Knox- 
ville, Tenn. 

Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out May 26, 
'65, at Knoxville, Term., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered' out May 18, 
'65, at Nashville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Died Nov. 17, '63, at 
Covington, Ky. 
Discharged Jan. 26. '64, 
on Surgeon's certificate 
of disability. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Died July 28, '64, at 
Knoxville, Tenn. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25, '65. 
Mustered out June 20, 
'65, at Knoxville, Ton™., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany, July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv 25. '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25. '65. 
Transferred to Vet. "Re- 
serve Corps Nov. 20. '64. 
Mustered out Mav 23. 
'65, at Knoxville. Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Discharged Nov. 21. '64. 
on Surgeon's certificate 
of disability. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany Julv ,25. '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25. '65. 



Selvey. Sanford Private 

Shanks. Martin L. Private 

Sharp. George H. Private 

Age Date Entering Time 
21 July 4, '63 3 yrs. 

18 July 21, '63 3 yrs. 

17 July 14, '63 3 yrs. 

Short. James S. Private 18 Sept. 26, '64 1 yr. 

Simmons, John N. Private 22 Aug. 25, '64 1 yr. 

Slater. Zalman B. Private 20 July 13, '63 3 yrs. 

Smith. Adam 

Smith, Edwin F. 

Smith, Henrv A. 

Private 40 July 23, '63 3 yrs. 

Private 20 Aug. 25, '64 1 yr. 

Private 21 July 25, '63 3 yrs. 

Smith, Jacob C. 



July 14, '63 

3 yrs. 

Snyder, Simeon 



July 21, '63 

3 yrs. 

Spangburn, Samuel J. 



July 22, '63 

3 yrs. 

Sparks, Leslie E. 



July 4, '63 

3 yrs. 

Stark, Samuel 



Sept. 26, '64 

1 yr. 

Stevens, Virgil 



Aug. 15, '63 

3 yrs. 

Stible, Frank 



July 18, '63 

3 yrs 

Stimson, Frank 



Aug. 16, '63 

3 yrs. 

Svveetland, Mori in 



July 4, '63 

3 yrs 

Thewachter, Aaron 



July 7, '63 

3 yrs. 

Tilden, Thomas 



June 22, '63 

3 yrs 

Tompkins, John 



July 4, '63 

3 yrs. 

Turner, Claudius V. 



July 22, '63 

3 yrs. 

Van Gundy, Henry 



Aug. 19, '64 

1 yr. 

Van Horn, Wm.H. 



July 13, '63 


Ward, William 



July 23, '63 

3 yrs 

Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out May 18, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out June 20, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out June 20, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out June 20, 
'65, at Louisville, Ky.. 
by order of War Dept. 
Sick in hospital at 
Knoxville, Tenn., since 
April, '64. No further 
record found. 
Mustered out June 20, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn. 
by order of War Dept. 
Died Apr. 6, '64, at 
Knoxville, Tenn., of ac- 
cidental gun-shot wound. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out May 24 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn. 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Drowned June 5, '64, at 
Louden, Tenn. 
Mustered out June 20, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Died May 7, '64, at 
Knoxville, Tenn. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with, com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out May 13, 
'65, at Knoxville, tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 
Mustered out June 20. 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 
Mustered out Mav 22, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn. 


NAMES Rank Age Date Entering 

Waterman, William Private 27 July 4, '63 

West, Isaac H. Private 22 Aug.30, '64 

West, Lucius A. Private 2<) July 9, '63 

White, Allen Private 21 July 19, '63 

Whitinger, Lafayette Private 26 July 13, '63 

Wiles, Edward C. Private 18 June 16, '63 

Wilev, Alexander Private 22 July 1, '63 

Williams, Evan P. Private 30 July 11, '63 

Williams, Thomas Private 

Wilson, William H. Private 

Woolson, Alvin M. Private 

Yetter, George Private 

Yetter, John Private 

Yowell, George C. Private 

18 July 9, '63 

18 July 11, '63 

21 July 13, '63 

24 June 22, '63 

27 June 22, '63 

18 July 15, '63 

Time Remark 

:: yrs. l>io<i April ■"•. '6 I, at 

Know ill.-, 'I'.ini. 

1 yr. Mustered out Juno 20, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War Dept. 

3 yrs. Mustered out July 10, 
'65, at Knoxville, Tenn., 
by order of War l >epf , 

•*! yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 2o, '65. 

3 yrs. Discharged Nov. 11, '63 
on Surgeon's certificate 

of disability. 
3 yrs. Transferred to L65th Co. 

2d Battalion Vet Re- 
serve Corps May 11, '65 
from which mustered 
out July 2!), '65, at 
Nashville, Tenn., by or- 
der of War Dept. 

3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

3 yrs. Discharged Nov. 14, '63 
on Surgeon's certificate 
of disability. 

3 yrs. Transferred to Vet. Re- 
serve Corps May 11, '65. 

3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

3 yrs. Promoted from Corporal 
Dec. 3, '64, to Sergfc 

3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25, '65. 

3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25. '65. 

3 yrs. Mustered out with com- 
pany July 25. '65. 

m PS 





Henry J. Bly 

James H. Ainslie 

First Lieutenants. 

Nelson E. Prentice 

James C. Fish 
Wallace E. Bratton 

Second Lieutenants. 

B. C. Miller 
P. S. Abbott 

John B. Colby 
Win. H. Hallenbeck 
George W. Mears 
Thomas W. Hicks 


Theodore B. Tucker 
Romanus Shepard 
Simson Yetter 
John Matt 
James Hutchinson 

Charles R. Logan 
Daniel Cowle 
Josiah M. Dancer 
Edwin Cowell 
Alfred G. Runner 
Richard Fowler 


Henry M. Elmwooa 
Charles Streeter 
Levi A. Hults 
Thomas C. Betts 
John R. Hale 
Silas McDougle 
Warren C. Breckenridge 

Isaac Lepard 


Andrew Houk 

Frederick Lesser 


James Nobles 


John J. Tollman 


The Site of Fort Sanders. 

This picture was taken in 1863, of the surroundings where Fort 
Sanders was built at Knoxville, Tenn. The fort was completed a few 
days before the great charge made by General Longstreet's forces. 
They left 800 of their number lying on the ground, either killed or 
wounded. This photo was given to Sergeant-Major Woolson by Mr. 
W. C. Williams, who was a young boy at the breaking out of the war. 
Mr. Williams was a commercial salesman after the war, for 
Mr. Woolson, and learning that we were at Knoxville, he became 
interested, for he was an eye witness at the battle. Mr. Williams' 
mother resided at Greenville at the time Gen. John H. Morgan, the 
famous rebel, was killed. This picture shows the foundation of a great 
slaughter pen. 



This map was drawn by Sergeant Major Woolson soon after the siege 
of Knoxville, and is absolutely correct. 







1 f& 

si 1, 


r 'ff'l!J 



\ \ 

1} ■! 

3 lj .-. 


J t O 

~Tl | 

J L 


J / -■ 7 


Fig. 86 

1. Fort Sanders. 

2. Convalescent Camp. 

3. College Hill and Fort Comstock. 

4. First O. V. H. A. 

5. Battery. 

6. Hospital. 

7. Battery. 

8. Battery 

9. Railroad Depot 

10. Corral for horses. 

11. Fort Smith. 

12. Fort Lee. 

13. On. Tillson's Headquarters. 

14. Department Headquarters. 

I.",. Gen. Burnside's Headquarters. 

16. Gen. Ammen's Headquarters. 

17. Lamar House. 

18. Ordnance. 

L9. Officers' Quarters. 

20. Frame house filled with bullet holes. 

21 Government Supplies. 

22. Government Supplies. 

2.';. Where Minor Lowell, Thomas Ger- 
man, Stillman Nichols, Wm. Water- 
man and many others were laid 
away with military honors. 

No. 1. 

From the Holsten River to the 
Fort, a stockade made of poles 
from 8 inches to 12 inches in diam- 
eter, placed in the ground, and 
sharpened to a point at the upper 
end. These poles were in the 
ground about eight to ten feet and 
extended out at least twenty feet. 
There was a ditch which sur- 
rounded the fort on four sides ex- 
cept at the entrance, where a very 
strong gate was in good working 

Fort Sanders was built upon a 
hill. The picture of photograph of 
the foundation of the Fort is 
shown on page 85. This was taken 
just a few days before the Fort 
was completed. There were 2,000 




men working on this Fort and the 
stockade. So it did not require 
much time to erect it. 

The convalescent camp was es- 
tablished inside the stockade and 
a little over one-half of the way 
between the Fort and the Holsten 

Near the entrance to the Fort 
will be found the camD of the 1st 
O. V. H. A. 

There was a large stream of 
water extending from the Holsten 
River along parallel with the 
stockade to the Fort, and on down, 
crossing the Chattanooga, Knox- 
ville and Clinchburg Railroad. 

Fort Comstock was located on 
this stream of water south of the 
convalescent camp and at an ele- 
vation overlooking the stockade 
from the Fort to the river. The 
heavy guns in this Fort were so 
formidable that the rebels wisely 
decided not to attack at this point. 

There was a very steep hill ex- 
tending from Fort Sanders down 
along the Jonesboro wagon road 
and along the brow of this hill to 
and across the railroad. 

On the brow of this hill, which 
extended from Fort Sanders east 
as far as Gay Street, was a line of 
batteries which protected the 
northern part of the city. 

Just east of these batteries was 
located Fort Smith, between which 
and the Holston River w T as Fort 
Lee, which furnished protection 
for the eastern part of Knoxville. 

There were two corralls at the 
foot of Fort Lee, where the stock 
was kept. 

The railroad station of the Chat- 
tanooga, Knoxville and Clinchburg 
Railroad was located north of town 
and immediately in front of the 
line of batteries. 

These fortifications, erected on 
three sides of the city, proved 
ample to protect the same from 
the invading hordes of rebels, un- 

do- the rebel, General Longstreet. 

On the south .side of the city the 
Holston River, with its Steep hank 

and rapid current, proved suffi- 
At the corner of ( Jay and ( llinch 

Streets was located Brigade Head- 
quarters, and on the corner of La- 
mer and Gay Streets was Depart- 
ment Headquarters. 

Gen. Ammen's headquarters 
was located half way between Foil 
Comstock and the Holsten River. 
Gen. Ammen was the Division 

The Field Hospital, where Minor 
Powell and others of the regiment 
died, is located in the extreme 
southeastern part of the city and 
across the Holston River. 

The entrance to every street 
leading into the city was barri- 
caded with every conceivable ob- 
struction to be obtained. Wagons, 
large and small, were chained to- 
gether; small buildings were 
dumped into the middle of the 
streets ; ropes and wires were used 
to good advantage. 

Figure 20 shows the location of 
a frame two-story house which 
which was so thickly covered with 
bullet holes that one could not 
place the palm of the hand on the 
side without covering one or more 
bullet holes. 

This map was made by Sergeant. 
Major Alvin M. Woolson, soon 
after the defeat of the rebels. 

He was at Brigade Headquar- 
ters, Gay and Clinch Streets. 

Story About the Sie<>e of Knox- 

The siege of Knoxville, in No- 
vember, 1863, occurred at the 
same time as the siege by Bragg 
of Chattanooga and Lookout 
Mountain, where he was defeated 
by General Grant. The forces de- 
fending Knoxville were under the 



Command of Generals Burnside 
and Sanders, and consisted of 
about twenty thousand men who 
were attacked by an equal force of 
rebels under Longstreet. East 
Tennessee had been sorely overrun 
by the rebels and Knoxville threat, 
ened for some time. President 
Lincoln was greatly worried for 
fear of the loss of Knoxville and 
East Tennessee, and sent daily, 
and sometimes almost hourly, tele- 
grams to Grant urging him to send 
reinforcements there; but Grant, 
being besieged and surrounded by 
Bragg, was unable to spare any 
men. However, as soon as he de- 
feated Bragg, he immediately or- 
dered Granger to the relief of 
Burnside. But Granger was so 
dilatory that he finally sent Gen- 
eral Sherman, whose command had 
just made a long, forced march in 
order to save Chattanooga. 

Longstreet, learning of the ap- 
proach of Sherman, at once pro- 
ceeded to the attack on Knoxville. 
A small cavalry force under Gen- 
eral Sanders immediately engaged 
the overwhelming numbers of the 
enemy with such fury and effect 
that they were unable to reach the 
fort on the west side of the city 
that day. But in this memorable 
action the gallant commander, 
General Sanders, for whom the 
protecting fort was named, lost 
his life. The next morning the 
fort was attacked by the rebels in 
full force. Wave after wave was 
sent against the defenders, but 
the fort being protected by a ditch, 
wire entanglements and abattis, 
very few were able to reach the 
fort, and those who did were im- 
mediately killed or taken prisoner. 
Here occurred the greatest propor- 

tionate slaughter of the entire 
war. Over five hundred rebels 
were killed and a much larger 
number wounded, while only eight 
of our men were slain. This was 
the last bloody engagement in 
East Tennessee. 

Company "M" and other por- 
tions of the First Ohio Heavy Ar- 
tillery made Knoxville their head- 
quarters for many months, and 
from here they were dispatched to 
all parts of East Tennessee to re- 
pel many attacks of the enemy, 
who were never thereafter able to 
gain any permanent footing in 
Tennessee east of Chattanooga, 
And after this battle to the end of 
the war the F'irst Ohio Heavy Ar- 
tillery, under the command of 
Generals Ammen, Tillson, Stone- 
man and Gillem, Colonel C. G. 
Hawley and Major T. S, Matthews, 
guarded and protected Chicamau- 
ga Junction, Cleveland, Loudon, 
Kingston, Knoxville and all points 
in East Tennessee, cleaning this 
section of many bands of guerillas 
and defeating raids made by For- 
est and others, driving them out 
of the state and far into Georgia, 
Alabama, North Carolina and West 
Virginia, or dispersing or captur- 
ing them. 

This regiment filled this most 
important central position, which 
was the strategical point on which 
all movements by land east or 
west most depended, and which re- 
quired constant watchfulness and 
activity. They were trained in all 
branches of the service, being re- 
quired to act as infantry, mounted 
infantry, cavalry, light artillery 
and heavy artillery. In all of these 
capacities they acquired great pro- 




A rather intelligent negro came 
to our headquarters one day and 
reported to the commanding officer 
that he was from Newport, Tenn., 
which was situated up the French 
Broad River about ten miles, and 
it had never been visited by the 
Yankees and the people, especially 
the negroes, were very anxious to 
see them and to see how the Yan- 
kees looked, and he said he knew 
where there was a lot of smoked 
meat hidden and would tell them 
if they would come. 

After hearing his story the 
commanding officer told the negro 
he could stay all night, which he 
did, and during the evening, he 
being very talkative, gave other 
valuable information. 

Orders were issued for a com- 
pany of infantry and detachment 
of cavalry to be in readiness to 
march at five o'clock the follow- 
ing morning. 

The commanding officer was a 
man of sound judgment and a 
kindly, Christian gentleman, but 
a man of strong will. 

The cavalry acted as the ad- 
vance and rear guard and the ex- 
pedition started on time. The ne- 
gro was our guide, and we were 
obliged to secrete him in one of 
the Government wagons, for if he 
was seen by any of the natives 
along the route or in the village, 
he would be killed, so he claimed. 

With our outfit we had three 
large Government wagons, drawn 
by six mules hitched to each wag- 
on, besides one ambulance, for we 
could not know what we might 
find before our return. 

Newport, like Sevierville, had 
borne the reputation all through 

the war of being tiif hotbed <»; 

cession. Nothing of any particu- 
lar consequence transpired as we 
marched along until we an ived at 

the entrance of the little city, 
which was a very pretty plaCfe. 

Our commanding officer had plan- 
ned to pass through the place be- 
fore the object of our mission was 

known. Dining the meantime our 
negro pointed out the lion 

where he believed the bacon was 
hidden, so that after arriving at 

the opposite side of the town and 
satisfying ourselves that there 
were no rebels, we about laced and 
commenced loading up our wagons. 

Time and space is too short to 
give an account of what happened 
in each instance, but as we neared 
an imposing residence our negro 
said that was one place where the 
bacon was hidden between the 
lath and plastering on the inside 
and the siding on the outside, for 
he helped to hide the smoked meat 
there, and as he was their slave 
he feared for his life. 

A halt was made and a detach- 
ment of soldiers with their pick- 
axes marched inside the yard and 
along the side of the house and 
commenced ripping off the siding, 
and as the smoked meats kept 
tumbling out, a very distinguished 
and lovely looking lady appeared 
at the front door, and immediately 
ordered the soldiers to stop and to 
leave her premises. She delivered 
one of the most blasphemous ti- 
rades ever heard, all of which was 
not unexpected upon such an oc- 
casion, but the lovely, sweet, ra- 
zorbacked bacon which the soldiers 
so much desired came falling into 
the hands of our soldiers until 
over a thousand pounds had been 
secured. During this time the wo- 
man swore eternal vengeance upon 
the Yankees, and she said so much 
about killing the niggers as soon 



as we left that our commanding 
officer ordered an extra wagon 
wheeled to the front door and told 
the negroes that all those who 
wanted to go with the Union sol- 
diers to our camp could get into 
the wagon. It was a sight which 
pleased the soldiers to witness the 
scramble of the eighteen negroes, 
men and women, into the wagon. 

As the expedition started off 
the distinguished looking lady 
came to the door in order to give 
our commanding officer a parting 
salute, when she cried at the top 
of her voice that those nigger 
wenches would make wives for the 
Yankee officer. At this point the 
officer ordered the wagon contain- 
ing the negroes wheeled around 
and back to the front door of the 
house, and the negroes were told 
to go into the house and take any- 
thing they wanted — furniture, 
clothing, bedding, etc. 

The negroes lost no time in em- 
bracing the opportunity to gather 
what they needed to set up house- 
keeping, and loaded the w 7 agon to 
the top. The lady herself was told 
she could have fifteen minutes to 
prepare to take a seat in the am- 
bulance, for she had to go along 
and be sent across the lines for 
her insulting and treasonable re- 
marks about our Urn'on and the 
President of our beloved country, 
but she begged so hard and pite- 
ously, and convinced the officer 
that she had two sick children 
and could not leave them, that the 
office)- informed her that he would 
return in ten days and at that 
time she must be ready to go, and 
she promised she would. 

When the ten days expired the 
ambulance was sent and brought 
her to headquarters. While the 
proper papers were being made 
out 1 walked out to interview and 
convince her that she had been 

very indiscreet, for had she said 
nothing and not insulted the com- 
manding officer, she would not 
have been arrested. But she was 
indifferent and had no regret for 
having said what she did. 

She replied she would return as 
soon as she was put across the 
lines, and I wished her good luck 
but cautioned her about saying 
anything seditious or treasonable, 
for if she did the next time she 
would be placed in prison. 




It was in 1863-4 when General 
Hospital No. 1 at Knoxville, Tenn., 
became so filled with the wounded 
from the front that it became nec- 
essary to enlarge it to make room 
for 2,400 wounded Union soldiers 
who were being sent from Sher- 
man's army. 

This had to be done without de- 
lay and the Quartermaster Depart- 
ment adopted a plan of putting up 
400 tents, each to hold six men, 
and to heat the tents in the fol- 
lowing unique manner: 

From the hospital building the 
ground descended gradually, per- 
haps 15 to 20 degrees and some 
places more, and the Engineers 
figured that by excavating a 
ditch four feet wide by three 
feet deep and extending it from 
the top down this gentle declivity 
to the ravine, about 500 feet be- 
low, and by building a fire in this 
ravine, connecting it with the flue 
(ditch), the heat and smoke would 
pass up the hill through this flue 
to the chimney at the top, and af- 
ter the fire got well started the 
draught would be complete. This 
ditch was covered with a double 
thickness of boards the entire 
length except next the furnace in 



the ravine, where for twenty feet 
it was covered with flagstone. 

There were twenty of these 
ditches, each connected with a lire- 
place at the bottom, and each had 
a chimney twenty feet high at the 
top. This made a flue 500 feet 
long from the ravine at the bottom 
to the top. This flue was covered 
with two inches of sand, and when 
the fire got well started it made 
the temperature in the tents com- 
fortable in the coldest weather. 
Twenty tents were placed over 
each flue, so there was plenty of 
space between the tents. The 
writer was put into one of these 
tents and can remember that when 
wanting to warm our feet we sim- 
ply sat up on the edge of our cots 
and placed our feet upon the 
ground. It is believed that no like 
arrangement for heating tents was 
made during the Civil War. 


In 1864, while the main portion 
of the First Regiment, Ohio Vol- 
unteer Heavy Artillery, was in 
camp at Dandridge, East Tennes- 
see, on the French Broad River, a 
gentleman named Judge Rorex 
came to headquarters, bearing a 
letter from the commanding officer 
of the Department, to Major T. S. 
Matthews, commander of the First 
0. V. H. A., stating that Judge 
Rorex very much desired to visit 
his plantation at Leadvale, Tenn., 
situated on the French Broad 

On account of Judge Rorex's 
strong Union sentiments and his 
determination to stand by the Un- 
ion and the Star Spangled Banner, 
he had been driven awav from his 
home, early in the Civil War, by 
the rebels, who were determined 
to confiscate every Union man's 
property within the borders of 

Mason and Dixon'fl line, and pill 

to death all who re i ted their 

Judge Rorex had a lowly Lome 

and respected family, but 

obliged to go, and at the dead of 

night left the State with his fam- 
ily, leaving their sweet and pre- 

cious native spot for the rebels 

and their hordes who were doing 
everything they could to destroy 
our Union and abolish our gov- 

It was in 1861, at the time of 
year when the crops were near 

harvest and the beautiful river at 
its prettiest, thousands of morn- 
ing glories and their beautiful rel- 
ative, the moon flower, twining 
about underbrush and climbing 
high on trees and shrubs, gracing 
their accommodating support with 
a living tapestry of leaves and 
flowers, and all along the shores of 
the river the trees were fairly 
weighted down with creeping vines 
and blossoms of purplish pink 
flowers. It was no wonder that 
the Rorex family were anxious to 
visit their native spot, and in com- 
pliance with orders our command- 
ing officer was ready to march 
promptly at six o'clock the follow- 
ing morning. We were not to re- 
turn to Dandridge unless it was to 
fight the rebels. 

Soldiers know that eight miles 
is a good day's march to move an 
army, but at this time and occa- 
sion we marched sixteen miles or 
thereabouts, arriving at Leadvale 
at six P. M. Judge Rorex accom- 
panied the army and was with the 
advance guard all day, so anxious 
was he to see his plantation, and 
by his request the army pitched its 
tents in his front yard, which con- 
tained at least two and one-half 
acres, the rebels retreating at our 

The house was one of those old- 



fashioned, beautiful homes we read 
about in books, with its broad ver- 
andas three stories in height, sup- 
ported by colonial columns, and af- 
ter getting settled in camp, an in- 
vestigation of the house and cellar 
was made by the Sergeant Major, 
assisted by the headquarters 

As we descended the wide stair- 
way leading down into the cellar, 
nothing: but clean river sand met 
our view, but we continued across 
the vaultlike room, and on opening 
a window we suspected that there 
might be something underneath 
the sand, and by jabbing down a 
couple of times with our bayonets 
into the sand we brought up some 
fine specimens of sweet potatoes. 
The work of a few minutes found 
the real cellar bottom, where about 
100 bushels of sweet potatoes had 
been buried. The Johnny Rebs 
had tried to deceive the Yankees 
but their scheme, like many oth- 
ers, failed. 

After filling a washtub with our 
new found treasure, we placed it 
before the commanding officer, who 
immediately gave orders that the 
entire quantity should be issued to 
his men. 

The quartermaster department 
executed these orders with pleas- 
ure, for it was our first real feast 
of that kind we had experienced, 
and gave us new pep and energy. 

The history of Gen. Marion, of 
Revolutionary war times, recites 
how the General and his army sub- 
sisted almost entirely upon sweet 
potatoes. They would roast them 
along the roadway, and what re- 
mained after a meal they would 
carry along for their daily ration. 

We all thanked Judge Rorex for 
his hospitality and wished him all 
the good fortune imaginable. 




We, the surviving members of 
Company M, well remember Com- 
rade Lafayette Billings, who pass- 
ed over the silent river soon after 
the Civil War closed, not remain- 
ing long to enjoy the fruits of his 
work to increase the attendance at 
Company M reunions, but we did 
have the great enjoyment of hav- 
ing Comrade Nelson E. Prentice 
with us to the date of writing this 

These two were i'air representa- 
tives of our departed comrades, 
two more gentle, lovable Union de- 
fenders never lived and those more 
brave and valiant we have never 
known, and when we say that 
about Comrades Lafayette Billings 
and Nelson E. Prentice, we can and 
do say as much to the credit of all 
our other departed comrades of 
Company M. 

They were truly loyal and no 
truer and purer friendship ever 
existed between men. They were 
possessed of all that endearing, 
beneficent influence which prevail- 
ed among the Union soldiers. 

As a rule we enlisted from the 
same neighborhood and were boys 
together and were associated with 
each other since our boyhood days. 

Our surviving members will re- 
member when we enlisted, how we 
clung together and our love and 
friendship were closely knit during 
that period and so continued till 
our departed comrades left us. 
Our love and affection was cer- 
tainly a blessing. During the 
months of weary marching and on 
the picket line, and in the long 
watches of a soldier's life, we saw 
much of each other and in no in- 
stance did we see a sordid disposi- 
tion manifested by any of our com- 


We strove to assist one another, 
showing that our minds and hearts 
were of that native cleanness 
which repels and rejects evil. 

Ours was the cemented friend- 
ship that could bear rebuke from 
our comrades without resenting it. 
Our reunions have always been 

one of the sweetest and most salu- 
tary influences of our lives, 

We, the survivors of Company 
M, feel jusi as sine that our de- 
parted comrades trusted and loved 
us to the end and we are just as 
sure of our own love and trust for 
those of our comrades who have 
passed away. 


My country, 'tis of thee, 
Sweet Land of Liberty, 

Of thee I sing ; 
Land where my fathers died, 
Land of the pilgrims' pride, 
From ev'ry mountain side 

Let freedom ring! 

My native country! thee, 
Land of the noble free, 

Thy name I love; 
I love they rocks and rills, 
Thy woods and templed hills; 
My heart with rapture thrills, 

Like that above. 

Let music swell the breeze 
And ring from all the trees, 
Sweet freedom's song; 
Let mortal tongues awake, 
Let all that breathe partake, 
Let rocks their silence break 
The sound prolong. 

Our fathers' God, to Thee, 
Author of Liberty, 

To Thee we sing; 
Long may our land be bright 
With freedom's holy light; 
Protect us by Thy might, 

Great God, our King. 



Oh ! say, can you see by the dawn's early light, 

What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming; 

Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight, 
O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming? 

And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air, 

Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. 
Oh! say, does the Star-Spangled Banner still wave 
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave? 

On the shore dimly seen through the midst of the deep, 
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes. 

What is that which the breeze o'er the towering steep, 
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? 

Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam, 

In full glory reflected now shines on the stream. 

Tis the Star-Spangled Banner; 0! long may it wave 
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. 

And where is the band who so vauntingly swore 

That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion, 

A home and a country should leave us no more? 

Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution. 

No refuge could save the hirelings and slave 

From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave; 
And the Star-Spangled Banner in triumph doth wave 
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. 

Oh! thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand 
Between their loved homes and foul war's desolation. 
Bless'd with victory and peace may the heaven-rescued land 

Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation. 
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just, 
And this be our motto — "In God is our trust!" 

And the Star-Spangled Banner in triumph shall wave 
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. 




Group photograph taken at Fremont, Ohio 2 

Col. Chauncey G. Hawley 3 

Maj. Timothy S. Matthews 1 

Capt. Henry J. Bly... 

First Lieut. Nelson E. Prentice <; 

First Lieut. James H. Ainslie..... 7 

Gen. W. S. Matthews 12 

Lieut. H. C. Miller 11 

Sergt. Theodore B. Tucker L6 

Corporal Warren C. Breckenridge and Lucius A. West IS 

Lieuts. Hutsinpiller, Matthews, Miller, and Sergt. Major Woolson 21 

Preston Palmer 23 

A. M. Woolson 2.~> 

Artificer Andrew Houk 27 

Jay C. Smith 30 

Wm. H. Hallenbeck, Q. M. Sergt 32 

James S. Short. - 35 

Alfred J. Bly and Edwin E. Jones.... 37 

Hubbard E. Dwelle 40 

Group picture at Attica 42 

Wilson C. Patterson 46 

John R. Jewett - 47 

Alexander McKittrick 50 

Isaac Lepard 52 

Marlyn Sweetland - 54 

Camp of First 0. V. H. A., Louden, Tenn.. ....57 

John Tompkins 59 

Alfred G. Runner 66 

Sampson T. Groves 67